Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2
Estonia 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.0 6.0 5.0 0.8
United Arab Emirates 6.6 6.9 6.5
Sudan 7.2 8.0
Myanmar 6.8 7.7 7.2 5.6 5.3
Tajikistan 9.3 10.2 10.6
Guatemala 8.8 8.9 9.5 10.3 10.2
Nepal 10.7 10.4 10.4 10.1 10.6
Uganda 10.6 11.6 10.8
India 12.0 11.8 10.8 11.5 11.5
Georgia 12.2 10.8 11.5 10.4
Mexico 12.7 12.3 10.9 11.4 12.5
Kazakhstan 14.0 11.2 8.6 11.3
Guinea 11.2 12.0
Nicaragua 9.9 11.2 12.0 11.7 11.6
Dominican Republic 11.8 13.3 13.0 13.2 14.0
Cameroon 14.9 14.1
Senegal 15.2 15.8 15.5 16.0 16.9
Philippines 18.6 19.0 15.6 14.6 14.2
Ethiopia 12.6 14.1 15.8 16.0
Thailand 18.8 18.5 16.0 15.4 15.5
Pakistan 17.5 15.8 16.2 15.8 13.9
Indonesia 17.0 18.1 16.5 18.1
Burundi 17.6 13.5 16.6 15.8
Zambia 17.1 16.7 16.7 17.6
Lebanon 15.5 17.0 18.6 16.0
Kenya 17.6 18.6 17.1 19.6 19.7
Sri Lanka 19.0 18.5 17.2 17.7 16.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.8 21.5 17.3 22.5 21.6
Kyrgyz Republic 14.8 15.3 17.6 15.8 14.2
Turkey 18.3 21.9 17.6
Azerbaijan 13.8 14.9 17.9 17.6
Korea, Rep. 17.1 17.0 18.1 18.3 21.2
Mongolia 16.2 17.3 18.1 18.2 24.4
Colombia 18.2 18.0 15.5
Brazil 21.5 18.3 19.2 19.6
Venezuela, RB 20.2 24.4 18.3 19.0 21.2
Peru 18.8 19.1 19.1 18.0 18.2
Bahrain 24.0 25.1 19.1 23.1 28.9
Russian Federation 19.5 20.8 24.6
Macao SAR, China 17.3 20.0 19.6 22.5 19.9
Bhutan 18.3 17.7 19.7 19.8 22.9
United States 18.9 19.3 19.8 19.7 20.5
Vanuatu 23.2 20.9 20.0 19.4
Malaysia 23.3 23.4 20.1 19.6 17.5
Costa Rica 20.5 20.4 20.3 19.9 20.9
Mauritius 18.2 20.7 20.3 20.9 20.9
Chile 21.2 21.1 21.1 20.8 20.5
Panama 22.9 21.8 21.3 23.2 23.1
Albania 13.6 15.3 21.8
Papua New Guinea 24.5 25.2 21.8 22.9 24.2
Belize 22.3 22.0 21.9 23.0 20.4
Switzerland 21.3 21.1 22.0 21.4 22.4
Congo, Rep. 27.5 29.5 22.9 26.8
Morocco 25.3 24.8 26.3
Jordan 27.8 25.5 25.3 26.5 25.1
Lithuania 21.2 25.0 25.5 25.1 25.6
Syrian Arab Republic 22.0 25.9 26.5 26.6
Oman 27.1 30.5 26.1 23.1 30.0
South Africa 25.4 25.5 26.2 26.7 25.7
Uruguay 27.7 26.4 26.5 24.1 24.7
Tunisia 29.6 26.2 26.7 26.3 26.5
Singapore 27.9 26.8 26.9 27.6 25.7
Algeria 32.1 33.3 27.4 29.4 38.3
Czech Republic 29.6 28.7 27.7 27.9 28.1
Maldives 24.9 27.6 27.7 29.7 30.0
Bulgaria 31.6 29.1 28.4 31.8 32.3
Latvia 25.6 27.5 28.4 27.7 25.7
Namibia 27.2 29.6 28.8 30.8 30.1
Belarus 30.5 31.8 29.1 28.7 28.7
Germany 29.9 29.9 29.7 30.1 29.8
Romania 27.8 27.6 29.9 31.2 32.0
Iceland 30.1 28.6 30.9 33.1 32.5
Moldova 23.7 29.4 31.3 24.0 24.5
Poland 34.1 33.3 32.6 30.0 28.6
Ireland 35.1 34.4 33.4 33.2 33.0
Portugal 34.1 34.4 34.1 35.1 35.1
Slovenia 34.2 33.6 34.6 35.1 38.2
United Kingdom 33.6 34.0 35.1 35.9 36.0
Israel 35.3 36.7 36.3 35.7 38.2
Greece 34.4 35.6 37.0 37.5 40.0
Hungary 41.5 38.6 37.6 37.6 38.1
Italy 39.9 41.3 37.8 38.3 36.0
Netherlands 39.9 39.0 38.2 38.8 38.7
Sweden 38.0 37.9 38.4 38.0 38.0
Denmark 39.1 38.4 38.6 38.8 38.5
Croatia 36.6 35.9 38.8 36.7 35.3
Norway 40.3 41.1 39.9 39.1 47.5
Finland 42.0 41.5 40.9 39.9 41.8
Seychelles 45.0 44.4 41.6 44.2 38.7
Belgium 41.7 42.1 42.6 42.3 42.2
France 43.7 43.7 43.2 43.7 42.9
Austria 43.4 44.0 43.7 43.9 43.3
Kuwait 35.4 45.5 43.8
Lesotho 58.0 56.7 47.9 47.2 49.0
Cyprus 50.0 49.8 53.4
Malta 67.9 73.0 70.8 72.0 70.3
El Salvador 131.2 130.2 139.5
Serbia
Bangladesh
Turkmenistan
Japan
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Jamaica 29.6
Kiribati
Lao PDR
Somalia
Isle of Man
Tanzania
Afghanistan
Botswana 44.8
Iraq
San Marino
Liberia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Libya
Cuba
Liechtenstein
Cote d'Ivoire
Barbados
Tonga
Luxembourg 35.5 37.4 36.8 37.7
Ukraine 23.3 26.8
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Rwanda
Madagascar 8.7 9.7 11.7
Saudi Arabia
Malawi
Sierra Leone
Honduras
Djibouti
Haiti
South Sudan
Mali 12.3
St. Lucia 23.1
Brunei Darussalam
Suriname
Marshall Islands
Comoros
Mauritania
Timor-Leste
Guyana
China
Guinea-Bissau
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Guam
Cambodia
Monaco
Burkina Faso
Grenada 26.1 21.6
Ecuador
Montenegro
Samoa
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Mozambique
Armenia
Bahamas, The
Bolivia
Ghana
Dominica 23.6
Benin
Argentina
Gambia, The
Solomon Islands
New Caledonia
Curacao
New Zealand
Spain 29.8
Gabon
St. Kitts and Nevis 22.4
Niger
St. Martin (French part)
Nigeria
Antigua and Barbuda 15.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Swaziland
French Polynesia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Fiji 24.4
Angola 42.0 52.8
Australia 25.2 26.0
Andorra
Palau
Togo
Faroe Islands
Trinidad and Tobago
Bermuda
Chad
Paraguay
Turks and Caicos Islands
Eritrea
American Samoa
Aruba
Central African Republic
Equatorial Guinea
Canada
Vietnam
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Cabo Verde
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Qatar
Yemen, Rep.
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.7 26.0
Zimbabwe 25.3 29.1

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