Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Bangladesh 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.5 9.6
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0 10.5
Ethiopia 10.9 8.9 8.3 10.1 9.4
Sierra Leone 8.7 8.9 8.3 8.9 9.0
Gambia, The 9.9 9.7 15.0 16.3 16.2
Cambodia 9.7 9.8 11.2 12.5 10.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.8 14.2
China 9.7 10.2 16.9 11.2 11.8
Nigeria 11.9 10.4 11.1 12.9 10.5
Nepal 11.5 10.7 11.9 12.3 14.1
Madagascar 11.0 11.7 11.9 14.2 9.9
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5 14.2
Pakistan 13.0 12.4 13.6 12.9 13.5
Guatemala 11.7 12.5 12.6 11.9 10.9
Uganda 11.9 12.7 12.8 13.3 11.0
Niger 10.5 13.0 13.5
Burkina Faso 12.7 13.0 13.8 12.9 13.6
India 12.1 13.2 14.2 12.5 11.2
Ghana 23.7 13.6 15.7 15.7 15.4
Liberia 14.6 14.0 19.9 23.7
Zambia 15.2 14.2 14.3 15.0 13.1
Japan 11.8 14.7 12.1 12.9 11.4
Nicaragua 13.9 14.7 15.0 14.3 14.0
Philippines 14.4 15.6 15.2 15.2 14.0
Cote d'Ivoire 15.0 15.9 17.2 16.8 16.1
Togo 14.7 15.9 16.8 15.6 17.0
Kenya 20.2 16.0 16.0 16.5 16.2
Mali 18.0 16.0 17.1 15.5 17.1
Bahamas, The 14.3 16.1 16.1 17.3 16.8
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.2 16.5 15.6 14.1
Sri Lanka 15.5 16.2 15.8 14.9 14.5
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1 18.8
Switzerland 16.6 16.6 16.3 16.8 16.9
Benin 16.1 16.8 20.6 18.6 17.7
Bhutan 16.8 17.0 20.4 22.6 22.9
El Salvador 15.9 17.3 19.4 20.5 17.9
Latvia 17.3 17.6 17.4 17.3 18.0
Singapore 18.2 18.0 19.4 20.6 17.2
Sao Tome and Principe 17.2 18.2 40.2 16.5 16.6
United States 17.8 18.5 18.6 17.3 15.7
Paraguay 17.8 18.6 18.0 18.4 20.5
Canada 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.8 17.7
Indonesia 17.5 18.7 17.6 19.5 15.4
Antigua and Barbuda 18.3 19.7 20.8 20.2 18.3
Armenia 19.3 19.8 21.4 22.9 22.3
Thailand 21.1 20.1 19.4 20.1 18.6
Peru 18.7 20.1 21.0 21.0 18.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.6 20.3 22.3 19.3 20.2
Grenada 19.2 20.5 20.9 20.8 19.3
Lebanon 21.4 20.5 21.3 21.8 22.1
Malaysia 19.6 20.7 21.0 20.8 22.3
Honduras 20.7 21.1 22.1 22.7 20.4
Korea, Rep. 20.5 21.3 22.6 22.3 21.3
Suriname 26.8 21.9 24.1 21.8 24.4
Georgia 18.1 22.5 24.0 25.7 25.2
St. Lucia 22.8 22.6 22.8 24.7 24.3
Bolivia 23.0 23.2 23.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.5 23.9 23.5 26.1 25.6
Belize 23.8 24.1 26.2 25.8 25.5
Chile 22.6 24.5 26.0 24.5 19.1
Romania 24.4 24.5 25.1 30.3 29.9
Brazil 22.4 24.6 25.2 25.9 23.2
Cabo Verde 23.4 24.7 22.6 23.3 20.4
Macao SAR, China 25.2 24.9 29.6 33.6 33.3
Dominica 25.5 25.1 27.0 26.7 26.0
Fiji 23.9 25.4
Syrian Arab Republic 23.7 25.5 22.7
Tunisia 26.2 26.4 27.0 29.2 28.7
Spain 25.9 26.6 27.0 23.7 21.8
Australia 27.1 27.0 26.4 26.6 24.5
Uruguay 26.3 27.4 26.5 26.5 29.2
Germany 27.7 27.5 27.2 27.3 28.5
Maldives 26.2 27.7 29.0 25.4 19.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.3 28.1 27.1 27.6 26.9
Czech Republic 29.0 28.3 28.9 28.9 26.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 29.6 28.6 27.9 27.4 28.0
Russian Federation 30.3 28.7 31.3 33.7 25.5
Estonia 28.8 28.8 29.3 30.2 35.8
Slovak Republic 29.8 29.6 28.3 28.6 28.2
Jordan 28.7 29.6 29.9 25.8 24.8
South Africa 28.8 30.1 30.3 29.6 27.5
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 31.0 31.9 32.2 30.5
Morocco 30.7 31.3 34.8 36.4 33.3
Jamaica 30.7 31.7 32.3 31.7 32.5
Poland 31.8 32.0 32.4 31.9 29.6
Namibia 28.2 32.4 29.5 33.4 31.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.5 32.9 32.4 30.6 29.1
Ireland 31.5 33.1 32.3 31.1 30.6
Moldova 31.7 33.3 34.2 34.4 32.6
Sweden 34.6 34.0 33.6 32.1 31.6
Croatia 34.3 34.0 35.0 34.4 34.3
Iceland 34.3 34.3 33.1 30.8 27.9
Oman 37.2 34.3 36.1 32.3 36.1
Bulgaria 35.5 34.5 33.7 34.0 31.4
Denmark 35.6 34.5 38.8 39.0 38.5
Trinidad and Tobago 30.7 34.8 30.4 33.7 34.3
Portugal 34.9 35.0 35.2 34.7 33.1
Italy 33.8 35.3 36.0 36.1 37.0
Hungary 35.0 35.4 38.0 40.1 40.4
United Kingdom 34.8 35.4 35.3 36.6 33.7
Austria 36.4 36.1 36.1 36.2 35.1
Ukraine 35.1 36.2 34.3 35.8 34.6
Greece 36.6 36.4 37.9 37.8 35.9
New Zealand 36.1 37.1 35.4 36.6 37.3
Israel 36.5 37.1 37.0 34.6 31.8
Belarus 33.8 37.2 38.3 38.9 35.3
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8 26.8
Finland 37.6 37.8 37.5 37.5 35.8
Luxembourg 39.2 37.8 38.6 39.1 40.7
Slovenia 38.1 37.9 36.3 37.3 36.2
Qatar 40.0 38.7 40.5 33.6 47.5
Netherlands 37.3 38.7 38.1 39.2 37.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.6 39.0 39.5 38.7 38.1
Belgium 40.4 39.6 39.0 39.9 39.0
France 42.0 41.9 41.1 41.0 40.0
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2 37.5
Congo, Rep. 39.9 45.7 40.6 48.2
Botswana 45.7 41.6 39.8 39.7
San Marino 45.2 45.9 45.4 45.6
Seychelles 43.1 47.3 35.7 34.8 33.0
Norway 47.7 49.6 48.8 50.2 47.2
Kuwait 57.5 51.9 57.5 52.3 57.3
Angola 32.0 57.8 48.6 44.9 20.7
Lesotho 52.1 67.1 63.3 65.0
Malta 87.9 88.9 90.5 38.4 38.4
Lithuania 97.9 98.7 97.5 98.0 97.2
Solomon Islands
Turkmenistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mexico
Monaco
Chad
Liechtenstein
Malawi
Montenegro
Guyana
Albania
Mauritius 23.5
Cyprus 70.6 65.7 35.8
Iraq
Myanmar
Senegal 18.5
Libya
Brunei Darussalam
Cameroon
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Swaziland
Eritrea
New Caledonia
Sudan
Tonga
Mauritania
Middle East (developing only)
Greenland
Djibouti
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Costa Rica 25.2 24.6
Central African Republic 9.4 9.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Colombia 21.7 20.8
Marshall Islands
Serbia 38.8 38.2 36.7
Burundi
Kiribati
Vietnam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza 5.2 7.6
Kazakhstan
Haiti
Somalia
Papua New Guinea
South Sudan
Guinea
Aruba
Barbados 27.8 28.5 27.1
Equatorial Guinea 47.3 44.1 53.7
Bahrain 24.5 27.4 19.5
Cuba
Argentina
Ecuador
Tajikistan
Cayman Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Tanzania 12.3
Puerto Rico
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
Gabon
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Turkey 31.2 32.8
Rwanda 13.7 13.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
American Samoa
Vanuatu 18.9
United Arab Emirates
Guam
Comoros
Saudi Arabia
Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan 49.3 40.9
Venezuela, RB 28.3
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Panama
Yemen, Rep.
Mozambique
Zimbabwe

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