Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Estonia 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.4 1.9
West Bank and Gaza 5.6 5.2 7.6 5.9 6.0
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0 10.5 11.0
Central African Republic 9.4 9.5 9.9
Bangladesh 8.8 8.8 9.5 9.6 9.7
Ethiopia 8.9 8.3 10.1 9.4 10.8
China 10.2 16.9 11.2 11.8 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.0 9.4 11.8 14.2 15.0
Guatemala 12.5 12.6 11.9 10.9 11.1
Nepal 10.7 11.9 12.3 14.1 14.9
India 13.2 14.2 12.5 11.2 12.9
Cambodia 9.8 11.2 12.5 10.8 11.5
Burkina Faso 13.0 13.8 12.9 13.6 15.3
Pakistan 12.4 13.6 12.9 13.5 13.8
Nigeria 10.4 11.1 12.9 10.5 5.6
Uganda 12.7 12.8 13.3 11.0 10.5
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5 14.2 14.4
Rwanda 13.7 13.8 14.3
Madagascar 11.7 11.9 14.2 9.9 11.2
Nicaragua 14.7 15.0 14.3 14.0 14.8
Sri Lanka 16.2 15.8 14.9 14.5 12.7
Zambia 14.2 14.3 15.0 13.1 13.9
Philippines 15.6 15.2 15.2 14.0 13.4
Mali 16.0 17.1 15.5 17.1 17.6
Dominican Republic 16.2 16.5 15.6 14.1 13.4
Togo 15.9 16.8 15.6 17.0 17.4
Ghana 13.6 15.7 15.7 15.4 16.7
Sao Tome and Principe 18.3 39.7 16.0 16.9 19.6
Kenya 16.0 16.0 16.5 16.2 16.4
Cote d'Ivoire 15.9 17.2 16.8 16.1 15.8
Switzerland 16.6 16.3 16.8 16.9 10.0
United States 18.5 18.6 17.3 15.7 10.0
Benin 15.4 19.0 17.3 16.4 17.3
Paraguay 18.6 18.0 18.4 20.5 19.9
Thailand 18.7 18.3 18.8 17.4 17.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 20.3 22.3 19.3 20.2
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1 18.8 19.4
Antigua and Barbuda 19.7 20.8 20.2 18.3 20.9
El Salvador 17.3 19.4 20.5 17.9 15.0
Singapore 18.0 19.4 20.6 17.2 17.0
Malaysia 20.7 21.0 20.8 22.3 19.4
Grenada 20.5 20.9 20.8 19.3 19.9
Peru 20.1 21.0 21.0 18.9 20.1
Mauritius 19.8 18.8 21.0 23.5 21.8
Colombia 21.7 20.8 21.5
Suriname 21.9 24.1 21.8 24.4 20.5
Lebanon 20.5 21.3 21.8 22.1 20.3
Korea, Rep. 21.3 22.6 22.3 21.3 21.0
Bhutan 17.0 20.4 22.6 22.9
Honduras 21.1 22.1 22.7 20.4 19.1
Armenia 19.8 21.4 22.9 22.3 22.6
St. Lucia 22.3 22.2 24.2 24.1 23.0
Chile 24.5 26.0 24.5 19.1 21.5
Latvia 25.3 24.8 24.7 25.6 25.3
Costa Rica 23.8 24.6 25.2 24.6 16.1
Maldives 27.7 29.0 25.4 19.1 21.3
Georgia 22.5 24.0 25.7 25.2 23.9
Jordan 29.6 29.9 25.8 24.8 22.7
Belize 24.1 26.2 25.8 25.5 27.4
Brazil 24.6 25.2 25.8 23.2 25.4
Uruguay 27.4 26.5 26.5 29.2 29.9
Australia 27.0 26.4 26.6 24.5 23.4
Dominica 25.5 27.4 27.3 26.5 26.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.6 27.9 27.4 28.0 27.2
Bahrain 26.0 24.5 27.4 19.5 22.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 30.8 29.5 27.4 26.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 28.1 27.1 27.6 26.9 24.8
Germany 27.8 27.4 27.7 28.7 12.6
Barbados 25.8 27.8 28.5 27.1 27.1
Slovak Republic 29.6 28.3 28.5 28.2 15.3
Czech Republic 28.3 28.9 28.9 26.9 27.4
Tunisia 26.4 27.0 29.2 28.7 29.0
Cabo Verde 29.7 27.4 29.2 26.0
South Africa 30.1 30.3 29.6 27.5 26.7
Lithuania 30.3 30.7 30.8 31.5 17.5
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8 26.8 29.0
Iceland 34.5 33.3 31.0 27.8 28.9
Turkey 31.2 32.8 24.0
Jamaica 31.6 32.3 31.7 32.5 30.1
Romania 31.3 33.4 31.8 30.0 23.4
Ireland 33.8 33.2 31.9 30.9 31.1
Macedonia, FYR 31.0 31.9 32.2 30.5 28.9
Oman 34.3 36.1 32.3 36.1 34.9
Poland 32.8 33.2 32.7 30.4 19.5
Bulgaria 33.8 32.8 33.2 30.4 28.2
Namibia 32.4 29.5 33.3 31.7 23.8
Sweden 34.2 34.6 33.4 33.2 29.8
Qatar 38.7 40.5 33.6 47.5 34.2
Macao SAR, China 24.9 29.6 33.6 33.3 36.4
Trinidad and Tobago 34.8 30.4 33.7 34.3 34.7
Russian Federation 28.7 31.3 33.7 25.5 20.0
Israel 36.5 36.4 34.1 31.5 28.6
Moldova 33.3 34.2 34.4 32.6 31.6
Croatia 34.0 35.0 34.4 34.3 33.6
Seychelles 47.3 35.7 34.8 33.0 35.1
Morocco 31.3 33.1 34.9 32.6 27.0
Portugal 36.2 36.5 35.7 34.3 26.6
Ukraine 36.2 34.3 35.8 34.6 34.3
Italy 35.7 36.6 36.6 37.7 24.4
New Zealand 37.1 35.4 36.6 37.3 34.7
Slovenia 37.9 36.3 37.3 36.2 36.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 38.0 38.6 37.9 37.4 23.1
United Kingdom 36.5 36.4 37.9 35.1 35.5
Serbia 38.8 38.2 36.7 36.5
Malta 88.9 90.5 38.4 38.4 37.4
Belarus 37.2 38.3 38.9 35.3 31.4
Luxembourg 37.7 37.7 38.9 40.5 40.1
Greece 37.6 39.1 39.2 37.3 28.6
Finland 39.6 39.2 39.2 37.8 23.3
Netherlands 38.8 38.2 39.4 38.2 25.8
Botswana 45.5 41.6 39.8 39.7 36.3
Denmark 38.7 41.2 40.2 39.8 39.9
Hungary 35.7 38.3 40.4 40.5 28.6
Belgium 40.0 39.5 40.5 39.5 26.2
France 42.9 42.4 42.4 41.7 19.7
Equatorial Guinea 44.7 42.5 49.1
Angola 46.1 45.0 42.7 21.4 35.2
Austria 42.7 42.8 43.6 43.7 31.2
San Marino 45.9 45.4 45.6
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2 37.5 37.1
Congo, Rep. 45.7 40.6 48.2 31.3 38.4
Azerbaijan 49.3 40.9 46.8
Norway 49.6 48.8 50.2 47.2 46.9
Lesotho 67.1 63.3 65.0
Cyprus 63.2 68.7 66.1 36.0 28.6
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Guyana
Monaco
Tajikistan
Solomon Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Guinea-Bissau
Montenegro
Spain 15.6
Cuba
Swaziland
Mozambique 17.9
Burundi
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Mexico
Guinea
Cayman Islands
Fiji 25.4
Haiti
Faroe Islands
New Caledonia
Mauritania
Malawi
Sudan
Bermuda
Ecuador
Niger
Argentina
Guam
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Vanuatu 18.9 17.9
Bolivia
Chad
Marshall Islands
Canada 13.9
Sierra Leone
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Panama
Iraq
Papua New Guinea
Somalia
Cameroon
South Sudan
Greenland
Comoros
Indonesia 14.5
Eritrea
Gambia, The
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vietnam
Aruba
Japan 11.4
Isle of Man
Kazakhstan
Syrian Arab Republic 25.5 22.7
French Polynesia
Tanzania 12.3 12.7
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
Bahamas, The
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Kuwait
Samoa 0.0
Libya
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kiribati
Andorra
Curacao
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
American Samoa
Senegal 18.5 19.3
Uzbekistan
Liberia
Venezuela, RB
Albania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Yemen, Rep.
Gabon
Zimbabwe

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