Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Sierra Leone 8.7 8.9 8.3 8.9 9.0
Ethiopia 10.9 8.9 8.3 10.1 9.4
Central African Republic 9.4 9.5
Bangladesh 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.5 9.6
Madagascar 11.0 11.7 11.9 14.2 9.9
Nigeria 11.9 10.4 11.1 12.9 10.5
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0 10.5
Cambodia 9.7 9.8 11.2 12.5 10.8
Guatemala 11.7 12.5 12.6 11.9 10.9
Uganda 11.9 12.7 12.8 13.3 11.0
India 12.1 13.2 14.2 12.5 11.2
Japan 11.8 14.7 12.1 12.9 11.4
China 9.7 10.2 16.9 11.2 11.8
Tanzania 12.3
Zambia 15.2 14.2 14.3 15.0 13.1
Pakistan 13.0 12.4 13.6 12.9 13.5
Burkina Faso 12.7 13.0 13.8 12.9 13.6
Rwanda 13.7 13.8
Philippines 14.4 15.6 15.2 15.2 14.0
Nicaragua 13.9 14.7 15.0 14.3 14.0
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.2 16.5 15.6 14.1
Nepal 11.5 10.7 11.9 12.3 14.1
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5 14.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.8 14.2
Sri Lanka 15.5 16.2 15.8 14.9 14.5
Indonesia 17.5 18.7 17.6 19.5 15.4
Ghana 23.7 13.6 15.7 15.7 15.4
United States 17.8 18.5 18.6 17.3 15.7
Cote d'Ivoire 15.0 15.9 17.2 16.8 16.1
Gambia, The 9.9 9.7 15.0 16.3 16.2
Kenya 20.2 16.0 16.0 16.5 16.2
Sao Tome and Principe 17.2 18.2 40.2 16.5 16.6
Bahamas, The 14.3 16.1 16.1 17.3 16.8
Switzerland 16.6 16.6 16.3 16.8 16.9
Togo 14.7 15.9 16.8 15.6 17.0
Mali 18.0 16.0 17.1 15.5 17.1
Singapore 18.2 18.0 19.4 20.6 17.2
Canada 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.8 17.7
Benin 16.1 16.8 20.6 18.6 17.7
El Salvador 15.9 17.3 19.4 20.5 17.9
Latvia 17.3 17.6 17.4 17.3 18.0
Antigua and Barbuda 18.3 19.7 20.8 20.2 18.3
Senegal 18.5
Thailand 21.1 20.1 19.4 20.1 18.6
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1 18.8
Vanuatu 18.9
Peru 18.7 20.1 21.0 21.0 18.9
Chile 22.6 24.5 26.0 24.5 19.1
Maldives 26.2 27.7 29.0 25.4 19.1
Grenada 19.2 20.5 20.9 20.8 19.3
Bahrain 24.5 27.4 19.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.6 20.3 22.3 19.3 20.2
Cabo Verde 23.4 24.7 22.6 23.3 20.4
Honduras 20.7 21.1 22.1 22.7 20.4
Paraguay 17.8 18.6 18.0 18.4 20.5
Angola 32.0 57.8 48.6 44.9 20.7
Colombia 21.7 20.8
Korea, Rep. 20.5 21.3 22.6 22.3 21.3
Spain 25.9 26.6 27.0 23.7 21.8
Lebanon 21.4 20.5 21.3 21.8 22.1
Armenia 19.3 19.8 21.4 22.9 22.3
Malaysia 19.6 20.7 21.0 20.8 22.3
Bhutan 16.8 17.0 20.4 22.6 22.9
Brazil 22.4 24.6 25.2 25.9 23.2
Mauritius 23.5
St. Lucia 22.8 22.6 22.8 24.7 24.3
Suriname 26.8 21.9 24.1 21.8 24.4
Australia 27.1 27.0 26.4 26.6 24.5
Costa Rica 25.2 24.6
Jordan 28.7 29.6 29.9 25.8 24.8
Georgia 18.1 22.5 24.0 25.7 25.2
Russian Federation 30.3 28.7 31.3 33.7 25.5
Belize 23.8 24.1 26.2 25.8 25.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.5 23.9 23.5 26.1 25.6
Dominica 25.5 25.1 27.0 26.7 26.0
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8 26.8
Czech Republic 29.0 28.3 28.9 28.9 26.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.3 28.1 27.1 27.6 26.9
Barbados 27.8 28.5 27.1
South Africa 28.8 30.1 30.3 29.6 27.5
Iceland 34.3 34.3 33.1 30.8 27.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 29.6 28.6 27.9 27.4 28.0
Slovak Republic 29.8 29.6 28.3 28.6 28.2
Germany 27.7 27.5 27.2 27.3 28.5
Tunisia 26.2 26.4 27.0 29.2 28.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.5 32.9 32.4 30.6 29.1
Uruguay 26.3 27.4 26.5 26.5 29.2
Poland 31.8 32.0 32.4 31.9 29.6
Romania 24.4 24.5 25.1 30.3 29.9
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 31.0 31.9 32.2 30.5
Ireland 31.5 33.1 32.3 31.1 30.6
Bulgaria 35.5 34.5 33.7 34.0 31.4
Sweden 34.6 34.0 33.6 32.1 31.6
Namibia 28.2 32.4 29.5 33.4 31.7
Israel 36.5 37.1 37.0 34.6 31.8
Jamaica 30.7 31.7 32.3 31.7 32.5
Moldova 31.7 33.3 34.2 34.4 32.6
Turkey 31.2 32.8
Seychelles 43.1 47.3 35.7 34.8 33.0
Portugal 34.9 35.0 35.2 34.7 33.1
Morocco 30.7 31.3 34.8 36.4 33.3
Macao SAR, China 25.2 24.9 29.6 33.6 33.3
United Kingdom 34.8 35.4 35.3 36.6 33.7
Croatia 34.3 34.0 35.0 34.4 34.3
Trinidad and Tobago 30.7 34.8 30.4 33.7 34.3
Ukraine 35.1 36.2 34.3 35.8 34.6
Austria 36.4 36.1 36.1 36.2 35.1
Belarus 33.8 37.2 38.3 38.9 35.3
Finland 37.6 37.8 37.5 37.5 35.8
Estonia 28.8 28.8 29.3 30.2 35.8
Cyprus 70.6 65.7 35.8
Greece 36.6 36.4 37.9 37.8 35.9
Oman 37.2 34.3 36.1 32.3 36.1
Slovenia 38.1 37.9 36.3 37.3 36.2
Serbia 38.8 38.2 36.7
Italy 33.8 35.3 36.0 36.1 37.0
New Zealand 36.1 37.1 35.4 36.6 37.3
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2 37.5
Netherlands 37.3 38.7 38.1 39.2 37.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.6 39.0 39.5 38.7 38.1
Malta 87.9 88.9 90.5 38.4 38.4
Denmark 35.6 34.5 38.8 39.0 38.5
Belgium 40.4 39.6 39.0 39.9 39.0
Botswana 45.7 41.6 39.8 39.7
France 42.0 41.9 41.1 41.0 40.0
Hungary 35.0 35.4 38.0 40.1 40.4
Luxembourg 39.2 37.8 38.6 39.1 40.7
Azerbaijan 49.3 40.9
Norway 47.7 49.6 48.8 50.2 47.2
Qatar 40.0 38.7 40.5 33.6 47.5
Equatorial Guinea 47.3 44.1 53.7
Kuwait 57.5 51.9 57.5 52.3 57.3
Lithuania 97.9 98.7 97.5 98.0 97.2
Malawi
Guinea-Bissau
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Albania
Aruba
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Libya
Marshall Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Djibouti
Niger 10.5 13.0 13.5
Myanmar
Liberia 14.6 14.0 19.9 23.7
Cuba
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Mozambique
South Sudan
Lesotho 52.1 67.1 63.3 65.0
Guyana
Montenegro
Guinea
Palau
Syrian Arab Republic 23.7 25.5 22.7
Panama
Timor-Leste
Papua New Guinea
Faeroe Islands
Mauritania
Cameroon
Bolivia 23.0 23.2 23.3
Isle of Man
Middle East (developing only)
Iraq
Chad
Solomon Islands
Comoros
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Puerto Rico
Mexico
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Congo, Rep. 39.9 45.7 40.6 48.2
St. Martin (French part)
Tonga
Sudan
Gabon
Swaziland
Turkmenistan
Guam
Tuvalu
Tajikistan
Monaco
Greenland
Fiji 23.9 25.4
Argentina
Bermuda
Ecuador
Samoa
French Polynesia
San Marino 45.2 45.9 45.4 45.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza 5.2 7.6
Uzbekistan
Burundi
Venezuela, RB 28.3
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan
Yemen, Rep.
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe

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