Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Sierra Leone 9.0 9.8 11.5 11.4
Central African Republic 9.5 9.9 9.6 11.1
Ethiopia 9.6 11.0 11.1
Madagascar 9.9 11.3 10.3
Nigeria 10.5 5.6 5.6 5.0
Afghanistan 10.5 11.0 11.4 9.9
Cambodia 10.8 11.5 11.6 13.2
Guatemala 10.9 11.1 11.4 11.5
Bangladesh 11.1 11.2 12.0
India 11.2 12.9 11.2 12.4
Japan 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.2
China 11.9 11.5 11.6
Uganda 12.6 12.4 16.4 13.2
Pakistan 13.5 13.8 12.2 12.6
Burkina Faso 13.7 14.9 16.2 18.2
Philippines 14.0 13.4 14.0 14.5
Nicaragua 14.0 14.4 15.6 16.2
Rwanda 14.0 14.5 14.9
Nepal 14.1 14.9 14.9 16.0
Lao PDR 14.2 14.4 15.1 16.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.2 15.0
Sri Lanka 14.5 14.6 14.3 13.9
Dominican Republic 14.5 14.4 14.3
Indonesia 15.4
Ghana 15.4 16.7 19.4
Zambia 15.6 17.4 21.4
United States 15.7 16.2 16.3 16.5
Gambia, The 16.2
Tanzania 16.5 17.2 18.7 17.3
Sao Tome and Principe 16.6 19.0 18.0 15.3
Bahamas, The 16.8 16.4 18.2 17.5
Togo 17.0 17.4 17.9 18.6
Cote d'Ivoire 17.0 17.1 13.2 17.8
Mali 17.1 17.3
Singapore 17.2 17.0 17.3 18.0
Canada 17.7 17.1 17.0 17.2
Benin 17.7 18.4 17.3 17.0
El Salvador 17.9 19.0 20.4 20.3
Switzerland 17.9 17.5 18.0
Antigua and Barbuda 18.3 20.9 19.6 20.1
Senegal 18.5 19.3 20.2 20.2
Thailand 18.6 20.3 21.3 20.5
Kyrgyz Republic 18.8 19.4 21.1 23.2
Vanuatu 18.9 17.9 18.7
Peru 18.9 20.1 20.9 21.5
Chile 19.1 21.5 22.7 22.2
Grenada 19.3 19.9 20.3 19.7
Bahrain 19.5 22.2 24.9
Kenya 19.6 20.2 20.3 22.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 20.2
Cabo Verde 20.4 20.0 22.3 20.8
Honduras 20.4 20.6 20.9 21.1
Paraguay 20.5 19.9 20.9 22.6
Angola 20.7 35.6 47.9 40.2
Colombia 20.8 21.5 23.5 26.4
Maldives 20.9 23.2 27.3
Korea, Rep. 21.3 21.0 21.6
Lebanon 22.1 20.3 21.8 20.3
Armenia 22.3 22.6 22.7 24.1
Malaysia 22.3 20.0 21.0 22.1
Spain 22.5 25.5 23.6 21.1
Bhutan 22.9
Mauritius 23.5 22.8 22.4 23.0
Brazil 23.8 26.2 25.0 26.0
St. Lucia 24.2 23.0 23.3 22.8
Suriname 24.4 20.5 24.0 25.5
Australia 24.5 23.4 22.8 23.7
Costa Rica 24.6 23.7 24.2 24.3
Jordan 24.8 22.7 20.5 21.5
Georgia 25.2 23.9 25.2 25.7
Belize 25.5 27.4 26.7 26.1
Russian Federation 25.5 26.1 31.3 29.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25.6 26.3 25.3 25.2
Latvia 25.9 25.0 24.8 25.5
Mongolia 26.8 33.7 34.0 30.5
Dominica 26.9 27.4 26.9 26.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.9 24.8 21.9 21.5
Barbados 27.2 27.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.0 27.2 33.1 32.6
Czech Republic 28.1 28.6 29.2 29.7
South Africa 28.6 28.9 29.4 29.4
Lithuania 28.6 27.2 26.3 26.8
Slovak Republic 28.7 27.9 28.4 28.2
Tunisia 28.7 29.0 32.6 31.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.1
Germany 29.5 28.5 29.0 29.1
Iceland 29.5 30.2 30.0 31.5
Romania 29.9 30.4 30.1 30.7
Poland 30.0 30.0 30.5 30.7
Uruguay 30.4 31.0 30.5 30.7
Macedonia, FYR 30.7 29.1 28.6 28.3
Ireland 31.7 32.2 31.4 32.0
Israel 32.0 32.7 33.0 31.7
Namibia 32.3 24.1 18.0
Bulgaria 32.4 29.5 29.4 29.7
Jamaica 32.5 31.3 30.4 31.8
Moldova 32.6 31.6 30.7 31.2
Turkey 33.0 33.4 33.2 34.6
Seychelles 33.0 35.0 35.7 37.5
Morocco 33.3 31.8 33.4 35.6
Macao SAR, China 33.3 36.4 40.1 39.1
Sweden 33.4 32.9 32.4 31.9
Trinidad and Tobago 34.3 35.5
Portugal 34.4 36.4 40.0 35.6
Croatia 34.5 34.0 33.3 34.1
Ukraine 34.6 34.3 36.3 37.3
Belarus 35.3 31.4 29.0 30.0
United Kingdom 35.3 35.9 36.5 38.3
Oman 36.2 34.8 39.3 44.7
Estonia 36.2 34.5 32.8 33.3
Austria 36.3 36.5 36.3 36.9
Greece 36.9 39.1 41.1 42.9
Slovenia 37.1 36.9 36.9 38.7
Algeria 37.5 37.1 40.6
Finland 37.6 36.9 38.4 38.7
New Zealand 37.8 35.1 36.7 36.1
Italy 38.3 37.9 37.6 38.5
Malta 38.4 37.4 37.2 37.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 38.5 39.3 39.7 40.4
Serbia 38.8 38.9 37.2 37.4
Cyprus 38.9 39.8 39.0 39.1
Denmark 39.7 39.5 40.5 40.3
Belgium 40.1 40.6 41.3 42.7
Botswana 40.3 33.7 36.2 37.3
Netherlands 40.8 41.4 40.8 41.6
Azerbaijan 40.9 46.8 45.5 41.8
France 41.2 42.9 42.6 43.6
Hungary 41.2 39.8 48.2 40.8
Luxembourg 41.3 39.6 39.7 41.0
Qatar 47.5 34.2
Norway 48.2 47.8 49.2 49.1
Equatorial Guinea 53.5
Kuwait 57.3 61.8 67.6 61.7
Fiji
Guinea-Bissau
Brunei Darussalam
Somalia
Myanmar
Aruba
New Caledonia
Mexico
Malawi
Monaco
Cameroon
Guam
Niger
Tuvalu
Mozambique 19.6 21.8 23.8
Eritrea
Northern Mariana Islands
Iraq
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Guyana
Libya
Guinea
Palau
Syrian Arab Republic
Panama
Burundi
Papua New Guinea
Mauritania
Bolivia
Faeroe Islands
Liberia 20.9 20.8 24.8
Vietnam
Bermuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lesotho
Solomon Islands
Cayman Islands
Cuba
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Montenegro
Haiti
Chad
St. Martin (French part)
Comoros
Sudan
Timor-Leste
Swaziland
Tonga
Djibouti
Gabon
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Greenland
Samoa 0.0 0.0 0.0
Argentina
San Marino
Ecuador
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Saudi Arabia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Congo, Rep.
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.2
Kiribati 58.7 50.9 66.5
American Samoa
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Venezuela, RB
Albania
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Yemen, Rep.
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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