Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.8 14.2
Sierra Leone 8.7 8.9 8.3 8.9 9.0
Bangladesh 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.5 9.6
Cambodia 9.7 9.8 11.2 12.5 10.8
China 9.7 10.2 16.9 11.2 11.8
Gambia, The 9.9 9.7 15.0 16.3 16.2
Niger 10.5 13.0 13.5
Ethiopia 10.9 8.9 8.3 10.1 9.4
Madagascar 11.0 11.7 11.9 14.2 9.9
Nepal 11.5 10.7 11.9 12.3 14.1
Guatemala 11.7 12.5 12.6 11.9 10.9
Japan 11.8 14.7 12.1 12.9 11.4
Uganda 11.9 12.7 12.8 13.3 11.0
Nigeria 11.9 10.4 11.1 12.9 10.5
India 12.1 13.2 14.2 12.5 11.2
Burkina Faso 12.7 13.0 13.8 12.9 13.6
Pakistan 13.0 12.4 13.6 12.9 13.5
Nicaragua 13.9 14.7 15.0 14.3 14.0
Bahamas, The 14.3 16.1 16.1 17.3 16.8
Philippines 14.4 15.6 15.2 15.2 14.0
Liberia 14.6 14.0 19.9 23.7
Togo 14.7 15.9 16.8 15.6 17.0
Cote d'Ivoire 15.0 15.9 17.2 16.8 16.1
Zambia 15.2 14.2 14.3 15.0 13.1
Sri Lanka 15.5 16.2 15.8 14.9 14.5
Dominican Republic 15.8 16.2 16.5 15.6 14.1
El Salvador 15.9 17.3 19.4 20.5 17.9
Benin 16.1 16.8 20.6 18.6 17.7
Switzerland 16.6 16.6 16.3 16.8 16.9
Bhutan 16.8 17.0 20.4 22.6 22.9
Sao Tome and Principe 17.2 18.2 40.2 16.5 16.6
Latvia 17.3 17.6 17.4 17.3 18.0
Indonesia 17.5 18.7 17.6 19.5 15.4
United States 17.8 18.5 18.6 17.3 15.7
Paraguay 17.8 18.6 18.0 18.4 20.5
Mali 18.0 16.0 17.1 15.5 17.1
Georgia 18.1 22.5 24.0 25.7 25.2
Singapore 18.2 18.0 19.4 20.6 17.2
Antigua and Barbuda 18.3 19.7 20.8 20.2 18.3
Peru 18.7 20.1 21.0 21.0 18.9
Canada 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.8 17.7
Grenada 19.2 20.5 20.9 20.8 19.3
Armenia 19.3 19.8 21.4 22.9 22.3
Malaysia 19.6 20.7 21.0 20.8 22.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.6 20.3 22.3 19.3 20.2
Kenya 20.2 16.0 16.0 16.5 16.2
Korea, Rep. 20.5 21.3 22.6 22.3 21.3
Honduras 20.7 21.1 22.1 22.7 20.4
Thailand 21.1 20.1 19.4 20.1 18.6
Lebanon 21.4 20.5 21.3 21.8 22.1
Brazil 22.4 24.6 25.2 25.9 23.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.5 23.9 23.5 26.1 25.6
Chile 22.6 24.5 26.0 24.5 19.1
St. Lucia 22.8 22.6 22.8 24.7 24.3
Bolivia 23.0 23.2 23.3
Cabo Verde 23.4 24.7 22.6 23.3 20.4
Syrian Arab Republic 23.7 25.5 22.7
Ghana 23.7 13.6 15.7 15.7 15.4
Belize 23.8 24.1 26.2 25.8 25.5
Fiji 23.9 25.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.3 28.1 27.1 27.6 26.9
Romania 24.4 24.5 25.1 30.3 29.9
Macao SAR, China 25.2 24.9 29.6 33.6 33.3
Dominica 25.5 25.1 27.0 26.7 26.0
Spain 25.9 26.6 27.0 23.7 21.8
Tunisia 26.2 26.4 27.0 29.2 28.7
Maldives 26.2 27.7 29.0 25.4 19.1
Uruguay 26.3 27.4 26.5 26.5 29.2
Suriname 26.8 21.9 24.1 21.8 24.4
Australia 27.1 27.0 26.4 26.6 24.5
Germany 27.7 27.5 27.2 27.3 28.5
Namibia 28.2 32.4 29.5 33.4 31.7
Venezuela, RB 28.3
Jordan 28.7 29.6 29.9 25.8 24.8
Estonia 28.8 28.8 29.3 30.2 35.8
South Africa 28.8 30.1 30.3 29.6 27.5
Czech Republic 29.0 28.3 28.9 28.9 26.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 29.6 28.6 27.9 27.4 28.0
Slovak Republic 29.8 29.6 28.3 28.6 28.2
Russian Federation 30.3 28.7 31.3 33.7 25.5
Trinidad and Tobago 30.7 34.8 30.4 33.7 34.3
Morocco 30.7 31.3 34.8 36.4 33.3
Jamaica 30.7 31.7 32.3 31.7 32.5
Ireland 31.5 33.1 32.3 31.1 30.6
Moldova 31.7 33.3 34.2 34.4 32.6
Poland 31.8 32.0 32.4 31.9 29.6
Angola 32.0 57.8 48.6 44.9 20.7
Macedonia, FYR 32.4 31.0 31.9 32.2 30.5
Belarus 33.8 37.2 38.3 38.9 35.3
Italy 33.8 35.3 36.0 36.1 37.0
Croatia 34.3 34.0 35.0 34.4 34.3
Iceland 34.3 34.3 33.1 30.8 27.9
Sweden 34.6 34.0 33.6 32.1 31.6
United Kingdom 34.8 35.4 35.3 36.6 33.7
Portugal 34.9 35.0 35.2 34.7 33.1
Hungary 35.0 35.4 38.0 40.1 40.4
Ukraine 35.1 36.2 34.3 35.8 34.6
Bulgaria 35.5 34.5 33.7 34.0 31.4
Denmark 35.6 34.5 38.8 39.0 38.5
New Zealand 36.1 37.1 35.4 36.6 37.3
Austria 36.4 36.1 36.1 36.2 35.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 36.5 32.9 32.4 30.6 29.1
Israel 36.5 37.1 37.0 34.6 31.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.6 39.0 39.5 38.7 38.1
Greece 36.6 36.4 37.9 37.8 35.9
Oman 37.2 34.3 36.1 32.3 36.1
Netherlands 37.3 38.7 38.1 39.2 37.9
Finland 37.6 37.8 37.5 37.5 35.8
Slovenia 38.1 37.9 36.3 37.3 36.2
Luxembourg 39.2 37.8 38.6 39.1 40.7
Congo, Rep. 39.9 45.7 40.6 48.2
Qatar 40.0 38.7 40.5 33.6 47.5
Belgium 40.4 39.6 39.0 39.9 39.0
France 42.0 41.9 41.1 41.0 40.0
Seychelles 43.1 47.3 35.7 34.8 33.0
San Marino 45.2 45.9 45.4 45.6
Norway 47.7 49.6 48.8 50.2 47.2
Lesotho 52.1 67.1 63.3 65.0
Kuwait 57.5 51.9 57.5 52.3 57.3
Malta 87.9 88.9 90.5 38.4 38.4
Lithuania 97.9 98.7 97.5 98.0 97.2
Tuvalu
Solomon Islands
Mauritania
Senegal 18.5
Mauritius 23.5
Botswana 45.7 41.6 39.8 39.7
Mexico
Guinea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1 18.8
Guam
Monaco
Curacao
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8 26.8
Puerto Rico
Montenegro
Marshall Islands
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0 10.5
Liechtenstein
Cyprus 70.6 65.7 35.8
French Polynesia
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Comoros
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Tonga
Malawi
Turkmenistan
New Caledonia
Middle East (developing only)
Rwanda 13.7 13.8
Central African Republic 9.4 9.5
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5 14.2
Costa Rica 25.2 24.6
Cameroon
Samoa
Bermuda
Burundi
Saudi Arabia
Colombia 21.7 20.8
Serbia 38.8 38.2 36.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Gabon
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Equatorial Guinea 47.3 44.1 53.7
Libya
Isle of Man
Somalia
Argentina
South Sudan
Cuba
Tanzania 12.3
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sudan
Kiribati
Swaziland
Albania
Chad
Uzbekistan
Tajikistan
Guinea-Bissau
Andorra
Barbados 27.8 28.5 27.1
American Samoa
Bahrain 24.5 27.4 19.5
Ecuador
Azerbaijan 49.3 40.9
Turkey 31.2 32.8
Kazakhstan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guyana
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2 37.5
Vietnam
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza 5.2 7.6
Haiti
Djibouti
Iraq
Vanuatu 18.9
Papua New Guinea
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Panama
Yemen, Rep.
Mozambique
Zimbabwe

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