Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.8
Sierra Leone 9.2 8.7 8.9 8.3 8.9
Cambodia 9.8 9.7 9.8 11.2 12.5
China 9.7 10.3 17.0 11.3
Gambia, The 9.3 9.9 9.7 15.0 16.3
Bangladesh 10.0 10.3 10.2 10.3 11.0
Niger 10.5 13.0 13.5
Madagascar 12.1 11.0 11.7 11.9 14.2
Ethiopia 12.1 11.1 9.0 8.4 10.3
Nepal 11.1 11.5 10.7 11.9 12.3
Guatemala 12.1 11.7 12.5 12.6 11.9
Japan 11.8 14.7 12.1 12.9
Uganda 10.9 11.9 12.7 12.8 13.3
Nigeria 11.4 11.9 10.4 11.1 12.9
India 11.9 12.1 13.2 14.2 12.5
Burkina Faso 13.7 12.7 13.0 13.8 12.9
Pakistan 13.5 13.0 12.4 13.6 12.9
Nicaragua 13.2 13.9 14.7 15.0 14.3
Bahamas, The 13.3 14.3 16.1 16.1 17.3
Philippines 13.8 14.4 15.6 15.2 15.2
Liberia 14.6 14.0 19.9 23.7
Togo 15.9 14.7 15.9 16.8 15.6
Sri Lanka 14.9 15.5 16.2 15.8 14.9
Cote d'Ivoire 16.2 15.7 16.3 17.7 17.4
Dominican Republic 14.2 15.8 16.2 17.6 16.4
El Salvador 15.6 15.9 17.3 19.4 20.5
Benin 17.2 16.1 16.8 20.6 18.6
Bhutan 15.7 16.8 17.0 20.4 22.6
Sao Tome and Principe 21.7 17.2 18.2 40.2 16.5
Indonesia 17.4 17.5 18.7 17.6 19.5
Switzerland 17.4 17.6 17.5 17.3 17.7
Zambia 18.0 17.6 17.0 17.4 18.4
United States 16.7 17.8 18.5 18.6 17.3
Paraguay 17.8 18.6 18.0 18.4
Mali 17.6 18.0 16.0 17.1 15.5
Georgia 16.0 18.1 22.5 24.0 25.7
Singapore 18.9 18.2 18.0 19.4 20.6
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.2 19.6 20.8 20.2
Canada 18.8 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.8
Peru 17.5 18.9 20.2 21.0 21.0
Grenada 18.6 19.0 20.3 20.9 20.8
Armenia 18.2 19.3 19.8 21.4 22.9
Malaysia 21.0 19.6 20.7 21.0 20.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.6 20.3 22.3 19.3
Kenya 20.0 20.2 18.4 18.7 19.4
Korea, Rep. 20.0 20.5 21.3 22.6 22.3
Honduras 20.8 20.7 21.1 22.1 22.7
Thailand 19.6 21.1 20.1 19.4 20.1
Lebanon 22.2 21.4 20.5 21.3 21.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 22.4 23.9 23.5 26.1
Chile 20.9 22.6 24.5 26.0 24.5
Brazil 21.5 22.7 25.0 25.7 26.5
Bolivia 20.2 23.0 23.2 23.3
Cabo Verde 23.4 24.7 22.6 23.3
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
Syrian Arab Republic 27.0 23.7 25.5 22.7
Ghana 23.7 23.7 13.6 15.7 15.7
Belize 21.6 23.8 24.1 26.2 25.8
Fiji 24.4 23.9 25.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.6 24.3 28.1 27.1 27.6
Romania 24.1 24.4 24.5 25.1 30.3
Macao SAR, China 24.6 25.2 24.9 29.6 33.6
Dominica 23.7 26.1 26.1 28.0 27.7
Tunisia 26.5 26.2 26.4 27.0 29.2
Latvia 25.6 26.3 27.2 26.6 26.1
Uruguay 25.6 26.3 27.4 26.5 26.5
Spain 25.9 26.5 27.2 27.7 24.4
Suriname 25.8 26.8 21.9 24.1 21.8
Australia 26.6 27.1 27.0 26.4 26.6
Namibia 26.4 28.2 32.4 29.2 33.2
Venezuela, RB 24.6 28.3
Lithuania 27.8 28.5 28.7 28.7 28.7
Germany 28.5 28.6 28.4 28.1 28.3
Jordan 25.8 28.7 29.6 29.9 25.8
Estonia 29.3 29.0 29.1 29.6 30.7
Maldives 24.2 29.5 31.4 32.9 28.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 27.2 30.0 28.9 27.9 27.4
South Africa 28.1 30.1 31.4 31.7 31.1
Russian Federation 26.8 30.3 28.7 31.3 33.7
Czech Republic 30.4 30.3 29.6 30.2 30.1
Slovak Republic 33.6 30.4 30.2 28.9 29.1
Trinidad and Tobago 27.0 30.7 34.8 30.4 33.7
Morocco 29.7 30.7 31.3 34.8 36.4
Jamaica 31.3 30.7 31.7 32.3 31.7
Moldova 28.8 31.7 33.3 34.2 34.4
Poland 30.7 31.9 32.1 32.7 31.9
Angola 33.8 32.0 57.8 48.6 44.9
Ireland 31.5 32.7 34.3 33.5 32.2
Belarus 31.4 33.8 37.2 38.3 38.9
Macedonia, FYR 33.9 32.4 32.5 32.4
Croatia 35.2 34.7 34.4 35.5 34.8
Italy 35.5 35.1 36.6 37.3 37.5
Ukraine 30.7 35.1 36.2 34.3 35.8
Iceland 32.9 35.4 35.3 34.8 32.3
Hungary 35.8 35.5 36.0 38.7 40.7
Portugal 37.4 35.9 36.2 36.5 36.0
Bulgaria 36.4 36.0 34.9 34.9 35.0
United Kingdom 35.5 36.2 36.9 36.6 38.0
Sweden 34.9 36.3 35.8 35.4 33.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.7 36.4 39.4 39.9 39.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.7 36.5 35.8 34.8 30.6
New Zealand 34.9 36.5 37.5 35.8 37.1
Denmark 34.9 36.6 35.6 39.8 40.0
Oman 42.2 37.4 34.7 36.2 32.4
Austria 38.5 37.6 37.1 37.2 37.4
Greece 37.2 37.8 38.0 39.6 39.2
Israel 38.5 38.5 37.4 37.4 34.7
Luxembourg 38.4 38.5 37.1 37.0 39.2
Slovenia 38.7 38.7 38.5 36.9 38.0
Netherlands 38.9 39.3 41.1 40.6 41.9
Finland 38.9 39.3 39.4 38.9 39.1
Congo, Rep. 32.7 39.9 45.7 40.6 48.2
Qatar 47.0 40.0 38.7 40.5 33.6
Belgium 41.2 41.4 40.7 40.1 40.9
Seychelles 40.8 43.1 47.3 35.7 34.8
France 42.6 43.3 43.2 42.4 42.3
San Marino 46.6 45.2 45.9 45.4 45.6
Norway 47.4 48.5 50.4 49.7 51.1
Lesotho 53.3 52.1 67.1 63.3 65.0
Kuwait 49.9 57.5 51.9 57.5 52.3
Malta 89.4 87.9 88.9 90.5 38.4
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Mauritania
Serbia 40.1 39.4
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Mauritius
Mexico
Djibouti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea-Bissau
Aruba
Monaco
Cameroon
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8
Montenegro
Iraq
Cyprus 77.0 71.3
Saudi Arabia
Mozambique
Kiribati
Myanmar 6.5
Haiti
Comoros
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Chad
Libya
Equatorial Guinea 47.2 44.2
New Caledonia
Cuba
Botswana 45.5 41.6 39.2
Curacao
Greenland
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0
Colombia 21.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Senegal
Guam
Malawi
Guyana
Gabon
Vietnam
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza 5.5 8.1
Solomon Islands
Albania 19.3
Brunei Darussalam
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5
Kazakhstan 15.1
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1
Faeroe Islands
Barbados 28.0 28.8
St. Martin (French part)
Bahrain 24.5 27.4
Sudan
Tanzania
Swaziland
Timor-Leste
Argentina 15.2
Tonga
Tajikistan 13.5
Kosovo
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Burundi
Ecuador
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turkey 31.2
Costa Rica 25.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Rwanda 14.1
American Samoa
Samoa
United Arab Emirates
Vanuatu
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2
Guinea
Uzbekistan
Azerbaijan 49.3
Central African Republic 9.4
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Panama
Yemen, Rep.
Papua New Guinea
Zimbabwe

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