Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Afghanistan 8.9 6.9 8.0
West Bank and Gaza 5.5 8.1
Sierra Leone 9.2 8.7 8.9 8.3 8.9
Central African Republic 9.4
Ethiopia 12.1 11.1 9.0 8.4 10.3
Bangladesh 10.0 10.3 10.2 10.3 11.0
China 9.7 10.3 17.0 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.4 8.7 10.0 9.4 11.8
Guatemala 12.1 11.7 12.5 12.6 11.9
Nepal 11.1 11.5 10.7 11.9 12.3
India 11.9 12.1 13.2 14.2 12.5
Cambodia 9.8 9.7 9.8 11.2 12.5
Pakistan 13.5 13.0 12.4 13.6 12.9
Japan 11.8 14.7 12.1 12.9
Burkina Faso 13.7 12.7 13.0 13.8 12.9
Nigeria 11.4 11.9 10.4 11.1 12.9
Uganda 10.9 11.9 12.7 12.8 13.3
Lao PDR 12.2 13.2 13.5
Rwanda 14.1
Madagascar 12.1 11.0 11.7 11.9 14.2
Nicaragua 13.2 13.9 14.7 15.0 14.3
Sri Lanka 14.9 15.5 16.2 15.8 14.9
Philippines 13.8 14.4 15.6 15.2 15.2
Mali 17.6 18.0 16.0 17.1 15.5
Togo 15.9 14.7 15.9 16.8 15.6
Ghana 23.7 23.7 13.6 15.7 15.7
Gambia, The 9.3 9.9 9.7 15.0 16.3
Dominican Republic 14.2 15.8 16.2 17.6 16.4
Sao Tome and Principe 21.7 17.2 18.2 40.2 16.5
United States 16.7 17.8 18.5 18.6 17.3
Bahamas, The 13.3 14.3 16.1 16.1 17.3
Cote d'Ivoire 16.2 15.7 16.3 17.7 17.4
Switzerland 17.4 17.6 17.5 17.3 17.7
Canada 18.8 18.7 18.7 18.7 17.8
Zambia 18.0 17.6 17.0 17.4 18.4
Paraguay 17.8 18.6 18.0 18.4
Benin 17.2 16.1 16.8 20.6 18.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.6 20.3 22.3 19.3
Kenya 20.0 20.2 18.4 18.7 19.4
Indonesia 17.4 17.5 18.7 17.6 19.5
Thailand 19.6 21.1 20.1 19.4 20.1
Kyrgyz Republic 16.5 20.7 20.1
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.2 19.6 20.8 20.2
El Salvador 15.6 15.9 17.3 19.4 20.5
Singapore 18.9 18.2 18.0 19.4 20.6
Malaysia 21.0 19.6 20.7 21.0 20.8
Grenada 18.6 19.0 20.3 20.9 20.8
Peru 17.5 18.9 20.2 21.0 21.0
Colombia 21.7
Suriname 25.8 26.8 21.9 24.1 21.8
Lebanon 22.2 21.4 20.5 21.3 21.8
Korea, Rep. 20.0 20.5 21.3 22.6 22.3
Bhutan 15.7 16.8 17.0 20.4 22.6
Honduras 20.8 20.7 21.1 22.1 22.7
Armenia 18.2 19.3 19.8 21.4 22.9
Cabo Verde 23.4 24.7 22.6 23.3
Liberia 14.6 14.0 19.9 23.7
Spain 25.9 26.5 27.2 27.7 24.4
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
Chile 20.9 22.6 24.5 26.0 24.5
Costa Rica 25.2
Georgia 16.0 18.1 22.5 24.0 25.7
Jordan 25.8 28.7 29.6 29.9 25.8
Belize 21.6 23.8 24.1 26.2 25.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 22.4 23.9 23.5 26.1
Latvia 25.6 26.3 27.2 26.6 26.1
Brazil 21.5 22.7 25.0 25.7 26.5
Uruguay 25.6 26.3 27.4 26.5 26.5
Australia 26.6 27.1 27.0 26.4 26.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 27.2 30.0 28.9 27.9 27.4
Bahrain 24.5 27.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.6 24.3 28.1 27.1 27.6
Dominica 23.7 26.1 26.1 28.0 27.7
Germany 28.5 28.6 28.4 28.1 28.3
Maldives 24.2 29.5 31.4 32.9 28.5
Lithuania 27.8 28.5 28.7 28.7 28.7
Barbados 28.0 28.8
Slovak Republic 33.6 30.4 30.2 28.9 29.1
Tunisia 26.5 26.2 26.4 27.0 29.2
Czech Republic 30.4 30.3 29.6 30.2 30.1
Romania 24.1 24.4 24.5 25.1 30.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 28.7 36.5 35.8 34.8 30.6
Estonia 29.3 29.0 29.1 29.6 30.7
Mongolia 37.7 37.6 30.8
South Africa 28.1 30.1 31.4 31.7 31.1
Turkey 31.2
Jamaica 31.3 30.7 31.7 32.3 31.7
Poland 30.7 31.9 32.1 32.7 31.9
Ireland 31.5 32.7 34.3 33.5 32.2
Iceland 32.9 35.4 35.3 34.8 32.3
Oman 42.2 37.4 34.7 36.2 32.4
Macedonia, FYR 33.9 32.4 32.5 32.4
Namibia 26.4 28.2 32.4 29.2 33.2
Qatar 47.0 40.0 38.7 40.5 33.6
Macao SAR, China 24.6 25.2 24.9 29.6 33.6
Trinidad and Tobago 27.0 30.7 34.8 30.4 33.7
Russian Federation 26.8 30.3 28.7 31.3 33.7
Sweden 34.9 36.3 35.8 35.4 33.9
Moldova 28.8 31.7 33.3 34.2 34.4
Israel 38.5 38.5 37.4 37.4 34.7
Croatia 35.2 34.7 34.4 35.5 34.8
Seychelles 40.8 43.1 47.3 35.7 34.8
Bulgaria 36.4 36.0 34.9 34.9 35.0
Ukraine 30.7 35.1 36.2 34.3 35.8
Portugal 37.4 35.9 36.2 36.5 36.0
Morocco 29.7 30.7 31.3 34.8 36.4
New Zealand 34.9 36.5 37.5 35.8 37.1
Austria 38.5 37.6 37.1 37.2 37.4
Italy 35.5 35.1 36.6 37.3 37.5
Slovenia 38.7 38.7 38.5 36.9 38.0
United Kingdom 35.5 36.2 36.9 36.6 38.0
Malta 89.4 87.9 88.9 90.5 38.4
Belarus 31.4 33.8 37.2 38.3 38.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.7 36.4 39.4 39.9 39.0
Finland 38.9 39.3 39.4 38.9 39.1
Botswana 45.5 41.6 39.2
Greece 37.2 37.8 38.0 39.6 39.2
Luxembourg 38.4 38.5 37.1 37.0 39.2
Serbia 40.1 39.4
Denmark 34.9 36.6 35.6 39.8 40.0
Hungary 35.8 35.5 36.0 38.7 40.7
Belgium 41.2 41.4 40.7 40.1 40.9
Netherlands 38.9 39.3 41.1 40.6 41.9
France 42.6 43.3 43.2 42.4 42.3
Equatorial Guinea 47.2 44.2
Angola 33.8 32.0 57.8 48.6 44.9
San Marino 46.6 45.2 45.9 45.4 45.6
Algeria 42.9 39.7 47.2
Congo, Rep. 32.7 39.9 45.7 40.6 48.2
Azerbaijan 49.3
Norway 47.4 48.5 50.4 49.7 51.1
Kuwait 49.9 57.5 51.9 57.5 52.3
Lesotho 53.3 52.1 67.1 63.3 65.0
Cyprus 77.0 71.3
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Mexico
Timor-Leste
Bolivia 20.2 23.0 23.2 23.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Niger 10.5 13.0 13.5
Liechtenstein
Iraq
Syrian Arab Republic 27.0 23.7 25.5 22.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Vietnam
Chad
Somalia
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Palau
Fiji 24.4 23.9 25.4
Panama
Faeroe Islands
Papua New Guinea
Tanzania
Mauritius
Tonga
Mauritania
Ecuador
Marshall Islands
Albania 19.3
Comoros
Montenegro
Haiti
Solomon Islands
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Guyana
Gabon
Guinea-Bissau
Kosovo
Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan 15.1
Sudan
Burundi
Swaziland
Cameroon
Curacao
Guam
Tajikistan 13.5
Myanmar 6.5
Argentina 15.2
Turkmenistan
Libya
Tuvalu
Eritrea
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Malawi
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Andorra
Djibouti
United Arab Emirates
Vanuatu
American Samoa
Brunei Darussalam
Uzbekistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Venezuela, RB 24.6 28.3
Kiribati
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Samoa
Yemen, Rep.
Mozambique
Zimbabwe

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