Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Kuwait 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.5
Myanmar 3.7 4.0 4.4 3.5 2.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 4.8 4.1 5.3 3.5
Bhutan 6.6 7.5 6.5 8.0 7.0
Oman 7.4 7.5 8.8 6.8 6.7
Sierra Leone 9.0 7.7 9.9 7.2 6.3
Guatemala 7.7 8.5 8.7 9.4 10.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.6 8.7 11.0 9.3 9.1
Nepal 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.4
Ethiopia 8.4 9.0 10.5 11.3 10.9
Mexico 8.9 9.0 9.4 8.6 8.9
India 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.0 8.5
Latvia 8.3 9.3 10.4 10.5 9.5
Albania 13.4 9.4 10.2 13.6
Nicaragua 9.4 9.5 10.6 11.0 10.7
Mongolia 9.8 9.6 10.6 8.4 9.8
Azerbaijan 18.0 9.9 10.7 12.7 12.7
Germany 10.8 10.3 10.2 10.4 11.1
Yemen, Rep. 8.6 10.7 10.9 13.0 9.2
Panama 13.0 11.2 11.5 10.8 11.0
Moldova 12.1 18.3 18.7 15.1
Kyrgyz Republic 15.1 12.6 12.5 14.2 12.2
Korea, Rep. 13.2 13.4 13.1 12.8 13.1
Burundi 16.7 13.4 11.4 14.3 13.6
Maldives 13.6 13.5 14.4 14.2 14.1
Pakistan 13.2 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.2
Canada 13.4 13.9 14.6 14.7 14.8
Venezuela, RB 12.9 14.0 17.5 12.7 13.5
Indonesia 14.0 14.0 16.0 15.0 15.5
Macao SAR, China 14.2 17.4 15.6 15.7
Peru 14.0 14.5 14.7 14.5 13.2
Botswana 16.8 14.9
Czech Republic 15.9 15.3 14.7 14.3 14.7
Syrian Arab Republic 18.6 15.6 16.0 18.1
Kenya 20.5 15.8 16.1 15.1 16.2
Singapore 15.8 15.9 15.3 14.0 14.5
Spain 15.5 15.9 15.2 15.4 15.7
Zambia 15.7 16.1 16.1 16.2 17.0
Philippines 16.3 16.9 17.0 14.1 13.3
Sri Lanka 17.8 17.0 16.0 14.5 15.0
Bulgaria 20.1 17.0 16.6 16.2 17.0
Bahamas, The 17.3 17.0 13.3 12.7 13.2
Uruguay 16.9 17.4 16.8 17.0 15.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.6 17.5 16.0
Greece 18.0 17.8 18.7 20.1 21.0
Austria 17.7 18.7 19.6 19.8 19.7
Belarus 19.9 18.8 20.7 17.1 16.7
Malaysia 19.4 19.8 16.7 14.1
France 18.3 19.4 20.1 22.0 22.7
Belize 18.8 19.5 19.7 19.7 17.4
Vanuatu 19.1 19.8 19.3 17.7 17.1
Tunisia 20.5 19.8 18.4 19.2 19.1
Slovenia 19.5 20.0 20.2 20.6 21.6
Portugal 19.0 20.0 19.7 19.9 20.4
Sweden 20.0 20.2 21.0 21.5 23.4
Fiji 22.2 21.2
Netherlands 20.6 21.4 21.0 20.7 21.2
Finland 20.2 21.5 22.2 22.3 22.0
Jordan 20.7 21.7 19.1 18.1 18.1
Estonia 19.2 22.1 18.3 17.9 16.6
Papua New Guinea 19.7 22.5 23.7 20.5 21.8
Zimbabwe 23.2 22.6 26.1
Italy 22.8 22.6 24.3 23.1 23.6
Croatia 22.8 22.7 21.8 25.0 23.0
Hungary 23.2 22.9 20.9 20.7 21.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.8 23.5 24.4 24.9 24.4
Namibia 25.2 24.3 27.0 26.0 28.3
United Kingdom 24.7 24.6 25.3 26.4 27.0
Belgium 25.0 25.5 26.0 26.7 26.5
Seychelles 27.6 26.9 27.0 26.4 27.2
Denmark 31.4 31.6 31.3 31.2 31.2
Ireland 32.3 33.3 33.2 25.6 25.7
Lesotho 45.4 44.3 45.0 37.3 38.4
Cyprus 53.9 52.2 50.2 55.6 33.4
Somalia
Greenland
Russian Federation
Grenada 23.1 22.6
Tanzania
Guam
Norway
Armenia
Cayman Islands
Guinea 10.5 11.1
Djibouti
Guinea-Bissau
Mozambique
Guyana
Bermuda
Haiti
Gambia, The
Honduras
Sao Tome and Principe
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Chile
Iceland 24.0 25.9
Georgia 8.3 7.2 7.9
Argentina
Tonga
Cameroon 8.6 11.1 11.2
El Salvador
Antigua and Barbuda
New Caledonia
Iraq
Nigeria
Ghana
Congo, Rep.
Isle of Man
Cuba
Israel
Samoa
Curacao
Senegal
Jamaica
Afghanistan
Japan
Dominica
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Kazakhstan 6.8 7.3 7.7
St. Lucia
Cambodia
Suriname
Kiribati
Bahrain
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Cabo Verde
Gabon
Angola 23.1
American Samoa
Burkina Faso
Algeria
Lao PDR
Aruba
New Zealand
Middle East (developing only)
Niger
Paraguay
Northern Mariana Islands
China
Benin
Dominican Republic
Palau
Qatar
Ecuador
Liberia
Australia 22.5
Libya
Poland
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
Colombia
Romania
Brunei Darussalam
Rwanda
Brazil 10.2 11.9 13.1
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR
Saudi Arabia
Madagascar
Serbia
Malawi
Eritrea
Barbados
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovak Republic
Mali
Solomon Islands
Malta
South Africa
Equatorial Guinea
Bangladesh
Turkmenistan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Ukraine 13.0
Sudan 6.2 6.4
Central African Republic
Swaziland
Bolivia
Switzerland
Monaco
Tajikistan 7.7 8.2
Costa Rica
Thailand
Montenegro
Togo
Morocco
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7
Cote d'Ivoire
Turkey
Comoros
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Uganda 10.0 11.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
United Arab Emirates
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
United States
Chad
Uzbekistan
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Vietnam
Mauritius
West Bank and Gaza
Lithuania
Luxembourg 24.3
Lebanon

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