Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Kuwait 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 4.9 4.8 4.1 5.3
Myanmar 4.3 3.7 4.0 4.4 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 6.6 8.7 11.0 9.3
Bhutan 5.9 6.6 7.5 6.5 8.0
Guatemala 6.8 7.7 8.5 8.7 9.4
Oman 7.1 7.4 7.5 8.8 6.8
Cameroon 7.3 8.6 11.1
Yemen, Rep. 7.5 8.6 10.7 10.9 13.0
Nepal 7.7 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.6
Ethiopia 7.8 8.6 9.1 10.7 11.5
Mexico 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.4 8.6
India 8.8 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.0
Nicaragua 9.0 9.4 9.5 10.6 11.0
Mongolia 11.3 9.8 9.6 10.6 8.4
Brazil 11.9 10.3 12.2
Sierra Leone 12.1 9.0 7.7 9.9 7.2
Panama 12.4 13.0 11.2 11.5 10.8
Pakistan 12.8 13.2 13.8 12.7 12.8
Korea, Rep. 12.8 13.2 13.4 13.1 12.8
Maldives 13.0 13.6 13.5 14.4 14.2
Canada 13.1 13.4 13.9 14.6 14.7
Peru 13.6 14.3 14.8 14.9 14.6
Venezuela, RB 14.1 12.9 14.0 17.5 12.7
Kyrgyz Republic 14.7 15.1 12.6 12.5 14.2
Kenya 14.9 20.5 15.8 16.1 15.1
Latvia 15.1 13.2 14.1 16.7 17.1
Indonesia 15.6 14.0 14.0 16.0 15.0
Burundi 15.6 16.7 13.4 11.4 14.3
Philippines 16.0 16.3 16.9 17.0 14.1
Singapore 16.6 15.8 15.9 15.3 14.0
Bahamas, The 16.7 17.3 17.0 13.3 12.7
Sri Lanka 17.2 17.8 17.0 16.0 14.5
Czech Republic 17.3 16.3 15.7 15.3 14.9
Syrian Arab Republic 17.5 18.6 15.6 16.0
Zambia 18.8 17.2 17.7 17.7 17.7
Uruguay 19.0 16.9 17.4 16.8 17.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 17.6 17.5 16.0
Zimbabwe 19.8 23.2 22.6 26.1
Botswana 19.9 16.8 14.9
Belize 19.9 18.8 19.5 19.7 19.7
Jordan 20.0 20.7 21.7 19.1 18.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3
Papua New Guinea 20.6 19.7 22.5 23.7 20.5
Tunisia 20.8 20.5 19.8 18.4 19.2
Bulgaria 21.2 20.1 19.4 18.5 18.1
Trinidad and Tobago 21.4 22.7
Slovenia 21.5 19.8 20.3 20.6 21.0
Fiji 21.5 22.2 21.2
Ecuador 22.3
Grenada 22.3 23.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.5 22.8 23.5 24.4 24.9
Namibia 24.3 25.2 24.3 27.0 26.0
Belarus 24.7 19.9 18.8 20.7 17.1
Azerbaijan 25.6 18.0 9.9 10.7 12.7
Croatia 26.9 23.1 23.0 22.1 25.3
Seychelles 32.2 27.6 27.1 27.0 26.4
Lesotho 47.3 45.4 44.3 45.0 37.3
Cambodia
Eritrea
Puerto Rico
Estonia 19.2 22.2 18.3 18.0
New Zealand
Bermuda
Chile
Faeroe Islands
Montenegro
El Salvador
Palau
Finland 20.7 22.1 22.9 23.1
Saudi Arabia
France 18.8 19.9 20.7 22.7
St. Lucia
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Gabon
Bolivia
Gambia, The
Northern Mariana Islands
Georgia 8.3 7.2
Andorra
Germany 11.1 10.6 10.5 10.7
Rwanda
Ghana
American Samoa
Greece 18.9 18.9 19.9 21.5
South Sudan
Greenland
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Mauritius
Guam
Monaco
Benin
Mozambique
Guinea 10.5
Netherlands 21.9 22.7 22.2 22.2
Guinea-Bissau
Niger
Guyana
Argentina
Haiti
Comoros
Honduras
Poland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Romania
Hungary 23.5 23.2 21.1 21.0
San Marino
Iceland 24.6
Serbia
Dominica
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cabo Verde
Somalia
Belgium 25.4 25.9 26.5 27.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iraq
Equatorial Guinea
Ireland 32.9 33.9 33.8 26.1
Central African Republic
Isle of Man
Mauritania
Israel
Congo, Rep.
Italy 23.6 23.4 25.1 23.9
Moldova 12.1 18.3 18.7
Jamaica
Austria 17.8 18.9 20.0 20.2
Japan
Morocco
Djibouti
Australia
Kazakhstan 6.8 7.3
Aruba
Denmark 31.9 32.2 31.9 31.8
New Caledonia
Kiribati
Armenia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Nigeria
Barbados
Norway
Kosovo
Antigua and Barbuda
Bangladesh
Angola
Bahrain
Paraguay
Lao PDR
Burkina Faso
Cayman Islands
Portugal 19.3 20.2 20.0 20.0
Afghanistan
Qatar
Cyprus 57.8 55.8 53.6 59.4
Russian Federation
Suriname
Samoa
Sweden 20.8 21.1 21.9 22.5
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Senegal
Thailand
Colombia
Togo
China
Cuba
Slovak Republic
Cote d'Ivoire
Solomon Islands
Turkmenistan
South Africa
Tuvalu
Spain 15.9 16.4 15.6 15.8
Ukraine
Chad
United Kingdom 25.8 25.8 26.3 27.4
St. Martin (French part)
Liberia
Sudan 6.2
Libya
Swaziland
Tajikistan 7.7
Switzerland
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Tanzania
Luxembourg
Timor-Leste
Macao SAR, China 14.2 17.4 15.6
Tonga
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Turkey
Malawi
Turks and Caicos Islands
Malaysia 19.4 19.8 16.7
Uganda 10.0
Vanuatu 19.1 19.8 19.3 17.7
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam
United States
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan
Brunei Darussalam
Algeria
Malta
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Marshall Islands
Albania 13.4 9.4 10.2 13.6
Mali
Lebanon

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