Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
United Arab Emirates 1.0 1.1 1.1
Estonia 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Kuwait 1.0 1.2 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.8 4.1 5.3 3.5 0.8
Myanmar 4.0 4.4 3.5 2.8 3.0
Bahrain 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.0 3.7
Bhutan 7.5 6.5 8.0 7.0 10.0
Kazakhstan 6.8 7.3 7.7 10.2
Congo, Rep. 11.1 7.6 10.9 7.8
Georgia 8.3 7.2 7.9 7.7
Switzerland 8.5 8.4 9.4 9.0 10.2
Guatemala 8.5 8.7 9.4 10.2 10.1
Nepal 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.4 8.7
Oman 7.5 8.8 6.8 6.7 1.7
India 9.1 8.9 8.0 8.5 8.7
Madagascar 8.5 9.4 11.3
Mexico 9.0 9.4 8.6 8.9 9.9
Albania 8.6 9.5 13.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.9 10.2 8.6 8.3 5.9
Brazil 10.2 12.0 13.2 13.8
Ethiopia 9.0 10.5 11.3 10.9
Mongolia 9.6 10.6 8.4 9.8 13.9
Nicaragua 9.5 10.6 11.0 10.7 10.6
Azerbaijan 9.9 10.7 12.7 12.7
Germany 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.5 11.7
Burundi 13.4 11.4 14.3 13.6
Panama 11.2 11.5 10.8 11.0 10.2
Dominican Republic 10.4 11.7 11.7 11.8 12.3
United States 11.3 11.8 12.3 12.2 12.9
Lebanon 11.9 12.6 13.4 11.9
Costa Rica 12.5 12.4 12.4 11.9 12.1
Kyrgyz Republic 12.6 12.5 14.2 12.2 11.7
Pakistan 13.8 12.7 12.8 13.2 10.1
Korea, Rep. 13.4 13.1 12.8 13.1 14.6
Maldives 13.5 14.4 14.2 14.1 13.8
Canada 13.9 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9
Senegal 14.3 14.7 14.8 15.5 16.1
Peru 14.5 14.7 14.5 13.2 12.8
Czech Republic 15.3 14.7 14.3 14.7 14.2
Singapore 15.9 15.3 14.0 14.5 14.9
Spain 15.9 15.7 15.8 16.1 16.2
Latvia 13.2 15.7 15.8 15.0 14.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.5 16.0
Mauritius 14.8 16.0 16.0 17.0 17.3
Sri Lanka 17.0 16.0 14.5 15.0 14.5
Indonesia 14.2 16.0 15.0 16.3
Zambia 16.1 16.1 16.2 17.0
Kenya 15.8 16.1 15.1 16.2 16.8
Thailand 16.7 16.1 13.8 12.9 13.0
Chile 16.7 16.3 16.3 15.6 15.9
Bulgaria 17.0 16.6 16.2 17.2 17.5
Uruguay 17.4 16.8 17.0 15.3 14.7
Philippines 16.9 17.0 14.1 13.3 12.8
Romania 16.8 17.2 17.6 16.9 17.9
Macao SAR, China 14.2 17.4 15.6 15.7 16.6
Venezuela, RB 14.0 17.5 12.7 13.5 13.3
Lithuania 13.8 17.5 16.6 16.1 14.6
Moldova 12.1 18.3 18.7 15.1 14.7
Tunisia 19.8 18.4 19.2 19.1 19.3
Greece 17.9 18.7 20.1 21.0 22.4
Turkey 15.2 19.1 15.0
Jordan 21.7 19.1 18.1 18.1 19.0
Vanuatu 19.8 19.3 17.7 17.1
Belize 19.5 19.7 19.7 17.4 17.8
Malaysia 19.4 19.8 16.7 14.1 13.7
Slovenia 20.0 20.2 20.6 21.6 20.1
Morocco 20.4 20.0 20.8
Portugal 20.6 20.4 20.5 21.1 21.0
Belarus 18.8 20.7 17.1 16.7 16.6
Poland 21.6 20.8 20.3 18.0 17.0
Hungary 22.9 20.9 20.7 21.7 22.3
France 20.2 20.9 22.9 23.5 23.2
Netherlands 21.7 21.3 21.0 21.4 21.2
Croatia 22.7 21.8 25.0 23.0 22.2
Iceland 23.2 21.9 24.1 26.0 25.4
Finland 21.9 22.6 22.7 22.4 24.3
Jamaica 23.0 22.7 21.0 21.6 22.0
South Africa 23.2 23.5 24.4 24.1 23.3
Papua New Guinea 22.5 23.7 20.5 21.8 19.0
Norway 22.9 23.9 24.1 22.5 27.0
Italy 23.1 24.6 23.5 23.9 22.5
United Kingdom 25.1 25.5 26.8 27.3 27.4
Luxembourg 25.2 25.9 24.2 25.0
Zimbabwe 22.6 26.1
Belgium 25.8 26.3 27.0 26.8 27.1
Austria 25.7 26.6 26.7 26.4 26.0
Israel 26.4 26.7 25.7 25.5 27.1
Ireland 27.2 26.9 26.5 26.7 26.3
Seychelles 26.9 27.0 26.4 27.2 26.1
Namibia 24.3 27.0 26.0 28.3 27.5
Sweden 27.5 27.7 29.9 30.5 30.0
Cyprus 30.6 29.4 31.9 32.9 36.2
Algeria 30.6 31.6 25.0 27.0 36.9
Denmark 31.9 31.7 32.0 31.9 31.6
Lesotho 44.3 45.0 37.3 38.4 36.1
Malta 44.8 48.4 47.2 49.3 50.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kiribati
Cameroon 11.1 11.2
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Togo
Guam
Samoa
Barbados
Comoros
Grenada 22.6 18.9
Uganda 10.0 11.5 10.4
Lao PDR
Benin
Greenland
Japan
Afghanistan
Somalia
Guinea 10.5 11.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Liberia
Chad
Libya
Guyana
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Ghana
Russian Federation 11.2 13.7
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Bolivia
Sierra Leone
Macedonia, FYR
Cuba
Bangladesh
South Sudan
Malawi
Haiti
Gambia, The
Isle of Man
Gabon
Trinidad and Tobago
Mali 12.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Ecuador
American Samoa
Dominica 20.1
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Vietnam
Guinea-Bissau
Hong Kong SAR, China
French Polynesia
Brunei Darussalam
Cabo Verde
Djibouti
Fiji 21.2
Qatar
Bahamas, The
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Rwanda
Faroe Islands
San Marino
Serbia
Saudi Arabia
Monaco
Iraq
Honduras
Montenegro
Curacao
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Angola 23.1 39.7
Mozambique
Solomon Islands
Australia 22.5 23.1
Cote d'Ivoire
Suriname
Burkina Faso
St. Lucia 23.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 16.6
Tajikistan 7.7 8.2 7.7
St. Martin (French part)
Colombia 13.7 13.5 11.2
Sudan 6.2 6.4
Andorra
Swaziland
Aruba
Botswana 14.9
Syrian Arab Republic 15.6 16.0 18.1 15.4
New Caledonia
Tanzania
New Zealand
Timor-Leste
Armenia
Tonga
Niger
China
Nigeria
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Eritrea
Ukraine 13.0 14.1
Argentina
Central African Republic
Equatorial Guinea
Palau
Uzbekistan
Antigua and Barbuda 13.4
Cambodia
El Salvador 90.0 94.4 95.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Paraguay
Yemen, Rep.
Marshall Islands
Mauritania

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