Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Nigeria 0.9 2.9 2.4 4.0 5.5
Kuwait 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Oman 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.7 2.4
Myanmar 3.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.3 5.9 6.9 7.2 9.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.2
Bhutan 7.7 8.3 9.0 7.5 8.4
Gambia, The 7.8 7.2 8.0 13.0 14.7
Congo, Rep. 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.6 5.9
Bangladesh 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.8
Cambodia 8.1 7.9 8.2 9.7 10.6
Sierra Leone 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2
Nepal 9.0 9.2 8.8 9.8 10.4
India 9.4 9.9 11.0 11.9 10.8
United States 9.6 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.0
Switzerland 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.5
Tajikistan 9.8
Ethiopia 9.9 8.9 8.4 8.0 8.0
Georgia 9.9 12.1 15.4 17.7 23.8
Pakistan 10.3 9.6 8.7 9.2 9.5
Germany 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.5 11.6
Uganda 10.7 11.8 12.3 12.4 12.9
Madagascar 10.9 10.1 10.7 11.4 13.0
El Salvador 11.0 12.5 13.5 14.2 14.3
Guatemala 11.6 11.2 11.9 12.1 11.3
Singapore 11.7 11.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Philippines 11.8 12.4 13.7 13.5 13.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.8 12.4 12.5 13.9 12.7
Sao Tome and Principe 11.9 11.2 15.8 16.4 15.2
Argentina 11.9
Maldives 12.0 13.6 14.2 14.7 13.9
Bahamas, The 12.0 12.8 14.4 14.5 15.5
Nicaragua 12.2 12.9 13.6 13.8 13.2
Spain 12.2 12.9 13.5 13.9 10.4
Romania 12.3 12.2 11.4 11.7 17.5
Indonesia 12.3 12.5 12.3 12.4 13.0
Burkina Faso 12.7 11.8 12.1 12.7 11.9
Dominican Republic 12.9 14.6 14.8 15.9 14.9
Venezuela, RB 12.9 15.5
Russian Federation 13.2 16.6 16.6 16.6 15.8
Ukraine 13.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 17.9
Canada 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 12.4
Korea, Rep. 13.4 13.9 14.3 15.5 15.1
Sri Lanka 13.5 13.7 14.6 14.2 13.3
Latvia 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.6 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.8 14.1 15.8 15.3 15.3
Peru 13.9 14.5 15.9 16.4 16.4
Kazakhstan 13.9
Armenia 14.0 14.3 14.4 16.0 17.3
Honduras 14.5 14.5 15.2 16.4 16.1
Bolivia 15.0 16.2 16.8 17.0
Czech Republic 15.1 14.9 14.1 14.7 14.2
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.6
Malaysia 15.2 14.8 14.5 14.3 14.7
Mali 15.3 15.7 15.0 14.9 13.3
Togo 15.3 13.9 14.8 16.2 14.9
Poland 15.7 16.7 17.4 18.3 18.3
Slovak Republic 15.8 14.9 13.9 14.2 13.5
Brazil 15.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 15.9
Thailand 15.9 17.2 16.7 16.1 16.4
Estonia 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.4 15.0
Chile 16.2 17.8 19.5 20.3 18.7
Benin 16.3 15.2 15.5 17.0 17.3
Moldova 16.4 18.5 19.6 20.6 20.4
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 13.8 14.6 14.2
Lebanon 16.7 15.3 15.2 15.1 16.6
Lithuania 16.9 17.2 17.8 17.6 17.3
Kenya 17.0 18.7 17.4 17.8 18.8
Grenada 17.3 18.2 18.9 19.7 19.5
Albania 17.3
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 16.8 18.4 19.8 19.0
Zambia 17.5 17.2 16.3 16.9 17.4
Uruguay 17.8 17.9 19.0 18.4 18.2
Belarus 18.4 20.1 22.2 23.7 25.4
Tunisia 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.1 20.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.0 20.4 22.5 22.1 20.9
Belize 19.7 21.3 21.8 22.9 21.7
Greece 19.8 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Morocco 19.9 22.0 22.4 25.1 27.6
Portugal 19.9 20.6 21.3 21.7 21.4
Croatia 20.1 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
Slovenia 20.5 20.5 21.0 19.6 19.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.6 20.5 22.0 21.8 23.9
Hungary 20.7 20.3 20.1 21.8 23.7
San Marino 20.7 22.0 22.4 22.8 22.3
Dominica 20.7 23.5 24.0 25.6 25.2
Austria 20.8 20.1 19.7 20.0 20.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.0 23.8 22.0 21.6 21.2
Jordan 21.0 24.4 24.6 24.7 17.7
Suriname 21.0 20.5 16.7 18.9 17.3
Bulgaria 21.3 21.6 22.5 23.1 23.3
Sweden 21.3 22.6 23.3 22.4 21.7
Italy 21.5 21.1 22.6 22.9 22.4
Netherlands 21.6 22.6 23.2 23.4 22.8
Ghana 21.8 21.3 12.8 13.9 13.9
Macao SAR, China 22.1 21.6 21.6 26.0 30.7
Fiji 22.2 21.3 23.2
France 22.3 22.4 22.5 21.9 21.7
Finland 22.5 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 26.4 30.3 26.0 29.5
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
Namibia 24.3 25.8 29.1 27.3 30.2
Australia 24.3 24.8 24.6 24.1 24.2
Luxembourg 24.4 25.3 24.2 24.0 25.0
Ireland 24.6 25.0 26.4 25.5 23.2
Jamaica 25.1 25.3 26.1 27.0 27.3
South Africa 25.3 26.9 28.4 28.9 28.2
Qatar 25.5 20.3 20.1 20.6 15.9
Iceland 25.8 28.1 28.1 27.3 24.3
Belgium 25.9 26.0 25.7 25.0 25.3
United Kingdom 26.3 26.8 27.5 27.2 28.4
Angola 26.5 26.4 34.5 25.5 30.5
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.6 26.6 24.1
Norway 27.8 28.7 29.4 28.6 28.3
Seychelles 29.5 27.3 24.7 23.2 22.4
New Zealand 29.5 30.6 32.4 30.5 32.2
Denmark 30.8 32.6 31.6 35.8 34.8
Cyprus 42.8 45.4 47.7 54.1 51.0
Lesotho 46.7 46.2 61.0 56.9 58.7
Malta 60.4 60.8 63.5 65.9 27.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Equatorial Guinea 9.7 10.0
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Azerbaijan 16.4
Mauritania
Tonga
Mauritius
Vietnam
Mexico
Colombia 12.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Djibouti
China 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.3
Tanzania
Monaco
Turkmenistan
Mongolia 28.7 23.5 21.7
Greenland
Montenegro
Serbia 23.6 23.1
Macedonia, FYR 19.3 18.9 19.5 18.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mozambique
South Sudan
Chad
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Ecuador
Central African Republic 8.3
Haiti
Libya
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza 4.9 5.5
Tuvalu
Liberia 13.4 13.4 19.0 20.0
Guam
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Cameroon
Malawi
Northern Mariana Islands
Costa Rica 15.7
Comoros
Kiribati
Somalia
Barbados 26.9 26.8
Cabo Verde 21.1 22.7 20.9 21.3
Solomon Islands
Burundi
Japan 10.5 10.9 10.5 9.3
Palau
Bahrain 1.1 1.2
Panama
Isle of Man
Papua New Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.8
Sudan
Afghanistan 6.9 5.2 6.0
Swaziland
Brunei Darussalam
Eritrea
Botswana 26.9 25.7 27.0
Aruba
Cuba
Guyana
Puerto Rico
Guinea-Bissau
Lao PDR 10.5 11.6 12.1
Guinea
Kyrgyz Republic 14.2 16.4 16.5
Turkey 18.5
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Rwanda 12.9
Andorra
Samoa
United Arab Emirates
Curacao
Algeria 40.8 37.4 45.3
Kosovo
Uzbekistan
Saudi Arabia
Gabon
Senegal
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Niger 10.1 10.7 11.3
Zimbabwe

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