Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Kuwait 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Oman 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.7 2.4
Nigeria 0.9 2.9 2.4 4.0 5.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.3 5.9 6.9 7.2 9.2
Congo, Rep. 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.6 5.9
Gambia, The 7.8 7.2 8.0 13.0 14.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.2
Cambodia 8.1 7.9 8.2 9.7 10.6
Sierra Leone 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2
Bangladesh 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.8
Bhutan 7.7 8.3 9.0 7.5 8.4
China 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.3
Ethiopia 9.9 8.9 8.4 8.0 8.0
Nepal 9.0 9.2 8.8 9.8 10.4
Pakistan 10.3 9.6 8.7 9.2 9.5
India 9.4 9.9 11.0 11.9 10.8
Switzerland 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.5
Niger 10.1 10.7 11.3
Madagascar 10.9 10.1 10.7 11.4 13.0
Paraguay 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.8
Japan 10.5 10.9 10.5 9.3
United States 9.6 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.0
Germany 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.5 11.6
Guatemala 11.6 11.2 11.9 12.1 11.3
Sao Tome and Principe 11.9 11.2 15.8 16.4 15.2
Singapore 11.7 11.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Burkina Faso 12.7 11.8 12.1 12.7 11.9
Uganda 10.7 11.8 12.3 12.4 12.9
Georgia 9.9 12.1 15.4 17.7 23.8
Romania 12.3 12.2 11.4 11.7 17.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.8 12.4 12.5 13.9 12.7
Philippines 11.8 12.4 13.7 13.5 13.6
El Salvador 11.0 12.5 13.5 14.2 14.3
Indonesia 12.3 12.5 12.3 12.4 13.0
Bahamas, The 12.0 12.8 14.4 14.5 15.5
Spain 12.2 12.9 13.5 13.9 10.4
Nicaragua 12.2 12.9 13.6 13.8 13.2
Canada 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 12.4
Liberia 13.4 13.4 19.0 20.0
Maldives 12.0 13.6 14.2 14.7 13.9
Sri Lanka 13.5 13.7 14.6 14.2 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 13.8 14.6 14.2
Korea, Rep. 13.4 13.9 14.3 15.5 15.1
Togo 15.3 13.9 14.8 16.2 14.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.8 14.1 15.8 15.3 15.3
Armenia 14.0 14.3 14.4 16.0 17.3
Peru 13.9 14.5 15.9 16.4 16.4
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.6
Honduras 14.5 14.5 15.2 16.4 16.1
Dominican Republic 12.9 14.6 14.8 15.9 14.9
Malaysia 15.2 14.8 14.5 14.3 14.7
Czech Republic 15.1 14.9 14.1 14.7 14.2
Slovak Republic 15.8 14.9 13.9 14.2 13.5
Latvia 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.6 15.0
Benin 16.3 15.2 15.5 17.0 17.3
Lebanon 16.7 15.3 15.2 15.1 16.6
Venezuela, RB 12.9 15.5
Mali 15.3 15.7 15.0 14.9 13.3
Estonia 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.4 15.0
Bolivia 15.0 16.2 16.8 17.0
Russian Federation 13.2 16.6 16.6 16.6 15.8
Poland 15.7 16.7 17.4 18.3 18.3
Brazil 15.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 15.9
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 16.8 18.4 19.8 19.0
Ukraine 13.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 17.9
Zambia 17.5 17.2 16.3 16.9 17.4
Thailand 15.9 17.2 16.7 16.1 16.4
Lithuania 17.0 17.3 17.9 17.7 17.4
Chile 16.2 17.8 19.5 20.3 18.7
Uruguay 17.8 17.9 19.0 18.4 18.2
Grenada 17.3 18.2 18.9 19.7 19.5
Moldova 16.4 18.5 19.6 20.6 20.4
Kenya 17.0 18.7 17.4 17.8 18.8
Tunisia 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.1 20.5
Macedonia, FYR 19.3 18.9 19.5 18.7
Croatia 20.1 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
Austria 20.8 20.1 19.7 20.0 20.1
Belarus 18.4 20.1 22.2 23.7 25.4
Hungary 20.7 20.3 20.1 21.8 23.7
Greece 19.8 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Qatar 25.5 20.3 20.1 20.6 15.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.0 20.4 22.5 22.1 20.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.6 20.5 22.0 21.8 23.9
Slovenia 20.5 20.5 21.0 19.6 19.9
Suriname 21.0 20.5 16.7 18.9 17.3
Portugal 19.9 20.6 21.3 21.7 21.4
Cabo Verde 21.1 22.7 20.9 21.3
Italy 21.5 21.1 22.6 22.9 22.4
Belize 19.7 21.3 21.8 22.9 21.7
Ghana 21.8 21.3 12.8 13.9 13.9
Fiji 22.2 21.3 23.2
Bulgaria 21.3 21.6 22.5 23.1 23.3
Macao SAR, China 22.1 21.6 21.6 26.0 30.7
Morocco 19.9 22.0 22.4 25.1 27.6
San Marino 20.7 22.0 22.4 22.8 22.3
France 22.3 22.4 22.5 21.9 21.7
Finland 22.5 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Sweden 21.3 22.6 23.3 22.4 21.7
Netherlands 21.6 22.6 23.2 23.4 22.8
Dominica 20.7 23.5 24.0 25.6 25.2
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.0 23.8 22.0 21.6 21.2
Jordan 21.0 24.4 24.6 24.7 17.7
Australia 24.3 24.8 24.6 24.1 24.2
Ireland 24.6 25.0 26.4 25.5 23.2
Luxembourg 24.4 25.3 24.2 24.0 25.0
Jamaica 25.1 25.3 26.1 27.0 27.3
Namibia 24.3 25.8 29.1 27.3 30.2
Belgium 25.9 26.0 25.7 25.0 25.3
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 26.4 30.3 26.0 29.5
Angola 26.5 26.4 34.5 25.5 30.5
United Kingdom 26.3 26.8 27.5 27.2 28.4
South Africa 25.3 26.9 28.4 28.9 28.2
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.6 26.6 24.1
Seychelles 29.5 27.3 24.7 23.2 22.4
Iceland 25.8 28.1 28.1 27.3 24.3
Norway 27.8 28.7 29.4 28.6 28.3
New Zealand 29.5 30.6 32.4 30.5 32.2
Denmark 30.8 32.6 31.6 35.8 34.8
Cyprus 42.8 45.4 47.7 54.1 51.0
Lesotho 46.7 46.2 61.0 56.9 58.7
Malta 60.4 60.8 63.5 65.9 27.2
Isle of Man
Andorra
Mauritania
Mauritius
Costa Rica 15.7
Mexico
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Brunei Darussalam
Malawi
South Sudan
Monaco
Guyana
Mongolia 28.7 23.5 21.7
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Tuvalu
Burundi
West Bank and Gaza 4.9 5.5
Mozambique
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Myanmar 3.3
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Colombia 12.9
Ecuador
Haiti
Libya
Guinea-Bissau
New Caledonia
Tanzania
Greenland
Tonga
Faeroe Islands
Turkmenistan
Vanuatu
Curacao
Botswana 26.9 25.7 27.0
Afghanistan 6.9 5.2 6.0
Djibouti
Vietnam
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Cameroon
Chad
Bermuda
Aruba
Lao PDR 10.5 11.6 12.1
Solomon Islands
Palau
Iraq
Panama
Argentina 11.9
Papua New Guinea
Comoros
Kyrgyz Republic 14.2 16.4 16.5
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Sudan
Barbados 26.9 26.8
Swaziland
Eritrea
Guinea
Kosovo
Tajikistan 9.8
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Central African Republic 8.3
American Samoa
Bahrain 1.1 1.2
Guam
Equatorial Guinea 9.7 10.0
Turkey 18.5
Rwanda 12.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Algeria 40.8 37.4 45.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Azerbaijan 16.4
Albania 17.3
Saudi Arabia
Uzbekistan
Senegal
Gabon
Serbia 23.6 23.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Yemen, Rep.
Kazakhstan 13.9
Zimbabwe

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