Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Kuwait 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Oman 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.7 2.4
Nigeria 0.9 2.9 2.4 4.0 5.5
Congo, Rep. 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.6 5.9
Gambia, The 7.8 7.2 8.0 13.0 14.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.2
Cambodia 8.1 7.9 8.2 9.7 10.6
Sierra Leone 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2
Bangladesh 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.8
Bhutan 7.7 8.3 9.0 7.5 8.4
China 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.3
Ethiopia 9.9 8.9 8.4 8.0 8.0
Nepal 9.0 9.2 8.8 9.8 10.4
Pakistan 10.3 9.6 8.7 9.2 9.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.3 9.9 11.2 11.7 15.2
India 9.4 9.9 11.0 11.9 10.8
Switzerland 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.5
Niger 10.1 10.7 11.3
Madagascar 10.9 10.1 10.7 11.4 13.0
Paraguay 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.8
Japan 10.5 10.9 10.5 9.3
United States 9.6 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.0
Germany 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.5 11.6
Guatemala 11.6 11.2 11.9 12.1 11.3
Burkina Faso 12.7 11.8 12.1 12.7 11.9
Uganda 10.7 11.8 12.3 12.4 12.9
Singapore 11.8 11.8 12.1 13.0 14.0
Georgia 9.9 12.1 15.4 17.7 23.8
Sao Tome and Principe 12.3 12.1 17.2 16.4 15.2
Romania 12.3 12.2 11.4 11.7 17.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.8 12.4 12.5 13.9 12.7
Philippines 11.8 12.4 13.7 13.5 13.6
El Salvador 11.0 12.5 13.5 14.2 14.3
Indonesia 12.3 12.5 12.3 12.4 13.0
Bahamas, The 12.0 12.8 14.4 14.5 15.5
Spain 12.2 12.9 13.5 13.9 10.4
Nicaragua 12.2 12.9 13.6 13.8 13.6
Liberia 13.4 13.4 19.0 20.0
Peru 13.1 13.5 15.0 15.6 15.4
Maldives 12.0 13.6 14.2 14.7 13.9
Canada 13.8 13.7 13.7 13.7 12.8
Sri Lanka 13.5 13.7 14.6 14.2 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 13.8 14.6 14.2 14.3
Togo 15.3 13.9 14.8 16.2 14.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.8 14.1 15.8 15.3 15.3
Armenia 14.0 14.3 14.4 16.0 17.3
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.6
Honduras 14.5 14.5 15.2 16.4 16.1
Dominican Republic 12.9 14.6 14.8 15.9 14.9
Korea, Rep. 14.2 14.7 15.2 16.6 16.3
Malaysia 15.2 14.8 14.5 14.3 14.7
Czech Republic 15.1 14.9 14.1 14.7 14.2
Slovak Republic 15.8 14.9 13.9 14.2 13.5
Lebanon 16.0 14.9 14.7 14.8 15.9
Latvia 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.6 15.0
Benin 16.3 15.2 15.5 17.0 17.3
Venezuela, RB 12.9 15.5
Mali 15.3 15.7 15.0 14.9 13.3
Estonia 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.4 15.0
Bolivia 15.0 16.2 16.8 17.0
Russian Federation 13.2 16.6 16.6 16.6 15.8
Poland 15.7 16.7 17.4 18.3 18.3
Brazil 15.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 15.9
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 16.8 18.4 19.7 18.9
Ukraine 13.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 17.9
Zambia 17.5 17.2 16.3 16.9 17.4
Thailand 15.9 17.2 16.7 16.1 16.4
Lithuania 17.0 17.3 17.9 17.7 17.4
Chile 16.2 17.8 19.5 20.3 18.7
Uruguay 17.8 17.9 19.0 18.4 18.2
Grenada 17.3 18.2 18.9 19.5 19.3
Moldova 16.4 18.5 19.6 20.6 20.4
Kenya 17.0 18.7 17.4 17.8 18.8
Cabo Verde 18.8 20.4 20.9 21.3
Tunisia 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.1 20.6
Macedonia, FYR 19.3 18.9 19.5 18.7
Croatia 20.1 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
Austria 20.8 20.1 19.7 20.0 20.1
Belarus 18.4 20.1 22.2 23.7 25.4
Hungary 20.7 20.3 20.1 21.8 23.7
Greece 19.8 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.0 20.4 22.5 22.1 20.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.6 20.5 22.0 21.8 23.7
Slovenia 20.5 20.5 21.0 19.6 19.9
Suriname 21.0 20.5 16.7 18.9 17.3
Portugal 19.9 20.6 21.3 21.7 21.4
Qatar 25.6 21.0 20.2 20.6 16.0
Italy 21.5 21.1 22.6 22.9 22.4
Belize 19.7 21.3 21.8 22.9 21.7
Ghana 21.8 21.3 12.8 13.9 13.9
Fiji 22.2 21.3 23.2
Bulgaria 21.3 21.6 22.5 23.1 23.3
Macao SAR, China 22.1 21.6 21.6 26.0 30.7
Morocco 19.9 22.0 22.4 25.1 27.6
San Marino 20.7 22.0 22.4 22.8 22.3
France 22.3 22.4 22.5 21.9 21.7
Finland 22.5 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Sweden 21.3 22.6 23.3 22.4 21.7
Netherlands 21.6 22.6 23.2 23.4 22.8
Dominica 20.7 23.5 24.0 25.3 24.6
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 23.0 24.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.0 23.8 22.0 21.5 21.1
Jordan 21.0 24.4 24.6 24.7 17.7
Australia 24.4 24.9 24.6 24.2 24.3
Ireland 24.6 25.0 26.4 25.5 23.2
Luxembourg 24.4 25.3 24.2 24.0 25.0
Jamaica 25.1 25.3 26.1 27.0 27.3
Namibia 24.3 25.8 29.1 27.3 29.1
Belgium 25.9 26.0 25.7 25.0 25.3
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 26.4 30.3 26.0 29.5
Angola 26.5 26.4 34.5 25.5 30.5
United Kingdom 26.3 26.8 27.5 27.2 28.4
South Africa 25.3 26.9 28.4 28.9 28.2
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.6 26.6 24.1
Seychelles 29.5 27.3 24.7 23.2 22.4
Iceland 25.8 28.1 28.1 27.3 24.3
Norway 27.8 28.7 29.4 28.6 28.3
New Zealand 29.5 30.6 32.4 30.5 32.2
Denmark 30.8 32.6 31.6 35.8 34.8
Cyprus 42.8 45.4 47.7 54.1 51.0
Lesotho 46.7 46.2 61.0 56.9 58.7
Malta 60.4 60.8 63.5 65.9 27.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Brunei Darussalam
Sudan
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Burundi
Mauritius
Costa Rica 15.7
Mexico
Cuba
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Libya
Kiribati
Malawi
Monaco
Cameroon
Mongolia 28.7 23.5 21.7
Senegal
Montenegro
Kazakhstan 13.9
Aruba
Mozambique
Argentina 14.2
Myanmar 3.3
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Swaziland
Botswana 26.9 25.7 27.0
Tajikistan 9.8
Kosovo
American Samoa
Vanuatu
Afghanistan 6.9 5.2 6.0
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Vietnam
Isle of Man
Ecuador
Iraq
Saudi Arabia
Bermuda
Serbia 23.6 23.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea
Solomon Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Guam
Central African Republic 8.3
Somalia
Chad
South Sudan
Palau
Greenland
Panama
Curacao
Papua New Guinea
Gabon
Kyrgyz Republic 14.2 16.4 16.5
French Polynesia
Lao PDR 10.5 11.6 12.1
Faeroe Islands
Eritrea
Andorra
Turkmenistan
Tanzania
Tuvalu
Timor-Leste
Equatorial Guinea 7.8 9.9
Tonga
Barbados 26.9 26.8
Colombia 12.9
Turkey 18.5
Comoros
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Algeria 40.8 37.4 45.3
Haiti
United Arab Emirates
Bahrain 1.3 1.5
Albania 17.3
Guyana
Uzbekistan
Rwanda 12.8
Djibouti
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guinea-Bissau
Yemen, Rep.
Azerbaijan 16.4
Zimbabwe

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