Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Kuwait 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Oman 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.7 2.4
Nigeria 0.9 2.9 2.4 4.0 5.5
Congo, Rep. 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.6 5.9
Afghanistan 6.9 5.2 6.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.3 5.9 6.9 7.2 9.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.2
Gambia, The 7.8 7.2 8.0 13.0 14.7
Bangladesh 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.8
Cambodia 8.1 7.9 8.2 9.7 10.6
Ethiopia 9.9 8.9 8.4 8.0 8.0
Sierra Leone 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2
Pakistan 10.3 9.6 8.7 9.2 9.5
Nepal 9.0 9.2 8.8 9.8 10.4
Bhutan 7.7 8.3 9.0 7.5 8.4
China 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.3
Switzerland 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.5
Lao PDR 10.5 11.6 12.1
Paraguay 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.8
Madagascar 10.9 10.1 10.7 11.4 13.0
Niger 10.1 10.7 11.3
Japan 10.5 10.9 10.5 9.3
Germany 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.5 11.6
India 9.4 9.9 11.0 11.9 10.8
Romania 12.3 12.2 11.4 11.7 17.5
United States 9.6 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.0
Guatemala 11.6 11.2 11.9 12.1 11.3
Singapore 11.7 11.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Burkina Faso 12.7 11.8 12.1 12.7 11.9
Uganda 10.7 11.8 12.3 12.4 12.9
Indonesia 12.3 12.5 12.3 12.4 13.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.8 12.4 12.5 13.9 12.7
Ghana 21.8 21.3 12.8 13.9 13.9
Liberia 13.4 13.4 19.0 20.0
Canada 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 12.4
Spain 12.2 12.9 13.5 13.9 10.4
El Salvador 11.0 12.5 13.5 14.2 14.3
Nicaragua 12.2 12.9 13.6 13.8 13.2
Philippines 11.8 12.4 13.7 13.5 13.6
Slovak Republic 15.8 14.9 13.9 14.2 13.5
Czech Republic 15.1 14.9 14.1 14.7 14.2
Maldives 12.0 13.6 14.2 14.7 13.9
Kyrgyz Republic 14.2 16.4 16.5
Korea, Rep. 13.4 13.9 14.3 15.5 15.1
Bahamas, The 12.0 12.8 14.4 14.5 15.5
Armenia 14.0 14.3 14.4 16.0 17.3
Malaysia 15.2 14.8 14.5 14.3 14.7
Sri Lanka 13.5 13.7 14.6 14.2 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 13.8 14.6 14.2
Togo 15.3 13.9 14.8 16.2 14.9
Dominican Republic 12.9 14.6 14.8 15.9 14.9
Mali 15.3 15.7 15.0 14.9 13.3
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.6
Lebanon 16.7 15.3 15.2 15.1 16.6
Honduras 14.5 14.5 15.2 16.4 16.1
Georgia 9.9 12.1 15.4 17.7 23.8
Benin 16.3 15.2 15.5 17.0 17.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.8 14.1 15.8 15.3 15.3
Sao Tome and Principe 11.9 11.2 15.8 16.4 15.2
Latvia 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.6 15.0
Peru 13.9 14.5 15.9 16.4 16.4
Estonia 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.4 15.0
Zambia 17.5 17.2 16.3 16.9 17.4
Brazil 15.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 15.9
Russian Federation 13.2 16.6 16.6 16.6 15.8
Thailand 15.9 17.2 16.7 16.1 16.4
Suriname 21.0 20.5 16.7 18.9 17.3
Bolivia 15.0 16.2 16.8 17.0
Poland 15.7 16.7 17.4 18.3 18.3
Kenya 17.0 18.7 17.4 17.8 18.8
Ukraine 13.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 17.9
Lithuania 17.0 17.3 17.9 17.7 17.4
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 16.8 18.4 19.8 19.0
Tunisia 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.1 20.5
Macedonia, FYR 19.3 18.9 19.5 18.7
Grenada 17.3 18.2 18.9 19.7 19.5
Uruguay 17.8 17.9 19.0 18.4 18.2
Chile 16.2 17.8 19.5 20.3 18.7
Moldova 16.4 18.5 19.6 20.6 20.4
Austria 20.8 20.1 19.7 20.0 20.1
Qatar 25.5 20.3 20.1 20.6 15.9
Croatia 20.1 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
Hungary 20.7 20.3 20.1 21.8 23.7
Greece 19.8 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Slovenia 20.5 20.5 21.0 19.6 19.9
Portugal 19.9 20.6 21.3 21.7 21.4
Macao SAR, China 22.1 21.6 21.6 26.0 30.7
Belize 19.7 21.3 21.8 22.9 21.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.6 20.5 22.0 21.8 23.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.0 23.8 22.0 21.6 21.2
Finland 22.5 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Belarus 18.4 20.1 22.2 23.7 25.4
San Marino 20.7 22.0 22.4 22.8 22.3
Morocco 19.9 22.0 22.4 25.1 27.6
Bulgaria 21.3 21.6 22.5 23.1 23.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.0 20.4 22.5 22.1 20.9
France 22.3 22.4 22.5 21.9 21.7
Italy 21.5 21.1 22.6 22.9 22.4
Cabo Verde 21.1 22.7 20.9 21.3
Fiji 22.2 21.3 23.2
Netherlands 21.6 22.6 23.2 23.4 22.8
Sweden 21.3 22.6 23.3 22.4 21.7
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
Dominica 20.7 23.5 24.0 25.6 25.2
Luxembourg 24.4 25.3 24.2 24.0 25.0
Jordan 21.0 24.4 24.6 24.7 17.7
Australia 24.3 24.8 24.6 24.1 24.2
Seychelles 29.5 27.3 24.7 23.2 22.4
Belgium 25.9 26.0 25.7 25.0 25.3
Jamaica 25.1 25.3 26.1 27.0 27.3
Ireland 24.6 25.0 26.4 25.5 23.2
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.6 26.6 24.1
Botswana 26.9 25.7 27.0
United Kingdom 26.3 26.8 27.5 27.2 28.4
Iceland 25.8 28.1 28.1 27.3 24.3
South Africa 25.3 26.9 28.4 28.9 28.2
Mongolia 28.7 23.5 21.7
Namibia 24.3 25.8 29.1 27.3 30.2
Norway 27.8 28.7 29.4 28.6 28.3
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 26.4 30.3 26.0 29.5
Denmark 30.8 32.6 31.6 35.8 34.8
New Zealand 29.5 30.6 32.4 30.5 32.2
Angola 26.5 26.4 34.5 25.5 30.5
Algeria 40.8 37.4 45.3
Cyprus 42.8 45.4 47.7 54.1 51.0
Lesotho 46.7 46.2 61.0 56.9 58.7
Malta 60.4 60.8 63.5 65.9 27.2
Malawi
Swaziland
Libya
South Sudan
Montenegro
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Guinea
Mozambique
Curacao
Myanmar 3.3
Tajikistan 9.8
Burundi
West Bank and Gaza 4.9 5.5
Cameroon
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Somalia
New Caledonia
Greenland
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mexico
Mauritius
Mauritania
Faeroe Islands
Equatorial Guinea 9.7 10.0
Marshall Islands
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Eritrea
Kosovo
Djibouti
Central African Republic 8.3
Vietnam
Northern Mariana Islands
Ecuador
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea-Bissau
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Kiribati
Solomon Islands
Palau
Guam
Panama
Argentina 11.9
Papua New Guinea
Cuba
Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Barbados 26.9 26.8
Kazakhstan 13.9
Gabon
Bahrain 1.1 1.2
French Polynesia
Chad
Andorra
Isle of Man
Tanzania
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Iraq
Tonga
Turkey 18.5
Azerbaijan 16.4
Colombia 12.9
Turkmenistan
Rwanda 12.9
Tuvalu
Samoa
Comoros
United Arab Emirates
Costa Rica 15.7
Albania 17.3
Saudi Arabia
Uzbekistan
Senegal
Venezuela, RB 12.9 15.5
Serbia 23.6 23.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Haiti
Yemen, Rep.
Guyana
Zimbabwe

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