Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Kuwait 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Bahrain 1.1 1.2
Oman 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.7 2.4
Nigeria 0.9 2.9 2.4 4.0 5.5
West Bank and Gaza 4.9 5.5
Afghanistan 6.9 5.2 6.0
Congo, Rep. 7.8 6.2 5.8 6.6 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.3 5.9 6.9 7.2 9.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.0 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.2
Bhutan 7.7 8.3 9.0 7.5 8.4
Sierra Leone 8.3 8.2 8.4 7.9 8.2
Ethiopia 9.9 8.9 8.4 8.0 8.0
Bangladesh 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.8
Pakistan 10.3 9.6 8.7 9.2 9.5
Equatorial Guinea 9.7 10.0
Cambodia 8.1 7.9 8.2 9.7 10.6
Nepal 9.0 9.2 8.8 9.8 10.4
Switzerland 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.5
China 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.3
Paraguay 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.8
Japan 10.5 10.9 10.5 9.3
Niger 10.1 10.7 11.3
Madagascar 10.9 10.1 10.7 11.4 13.0
Germany 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.5 11.6
United States 9.6 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.0
Lao PDR 10.5 11.6 12.1
Romania 12.3 12.2 11.4 11.7 17.5
India 9.4 9.9 11.0 11.9 10.8
Guatemala 11.6 11.2 11.9 12.1 11.3
Uganda 10.7 11.8 12.3 12.4 12.9
Indonesia 12.3 12.5 12.3 12.4 13.0
Burkina Faso 12.7 11.8 12.1 12.7 11.9
Singapore 11.7 11.6 11.9 12.9 13.9
Gambia, The 7.8 7.2 8.0 13.0 14.7
Canada 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.4 12.4
Philippines 11.8 12.4 13.7 13.5 13.6
Nicaragua 12.2 12.9 13.6 13.8 13.2
Spain 12.2 12.9 13.5 13.9 10.4
Ghana 21.8 21.3 12.8 13.9 13.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 11.8 12.4 12.5 13.9 12.7
El Salvador 11.0 12.5 13.5 14.2 14.3
Slovak Republic 15.8 14.9 13.9 14.2 13.5
Syrian Arab Republic 16.4 13.8 14.6 14.2
Sri Lanka 13.5 13.7 14.6 14.2 13.3
Malaysia 15.2 14.8 14.5 14.3 14.7
Bahamas, The 12.0 12.8 14.4 14.5 15.5
Czech Republic 15.1 14.9 14.1 14.7 14.2
Maldives 12.0 13.6 14.2 14.7 13.9
Mali 15.3 15.7 15.0 14.9 13.3
Lebanon 16.7 15.3 15.2 15.1 16.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.8 14.1 15.8 15.3 15.3
Cote d'Ivoire 15.2 14.5 15.0 15.5 15.6
Korea, Rep. 13.4 13.9 14.3 15.5 15.1
Latvia 13.6 15.1 15.9 15.6 15.0
Dominican Republic 12.9 14.6 14.8 15.9 14.9
Armenia 14.0 14.3 14.4 16.0 17.3
Thailand 15.9 17.2 16.7 16.1 16.4
Brazil 15.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 15.9
Togo 15.3 13.9 14.8 16.2 14.9
Sao Tome and Principe 11.9 11.2 15.8 16.4 15.2
Estonia 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.4 15.0
Honduras 14.5 14.5 15.2 16.4 16.1
Kyrgyz Republic 14.2 16.4 16.5
Peru 13.9 14.5 15.9 16.4 16.4
Ukraine 13.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 17.9
Russian Federation 13.2 16.6 16.6 16.6 15.8
Zambia 17.5 17.2 16.3 16.9 17.4
Bolivia 15.0 16.2 16.8 17.0
Benin 16.3 15.2 15.5 17.0 17.3
Georgia 9.9 12.1 15.4 17.7 23.8
Lithuania 17.0 17.3 17.9 17.7 17.4
Kenya 17.0 18.7 17.4 17.8 18.8
Poland 15.7 16.7 17.4 18.3 18.3
Uruguay 17.8 17.9 19.0 18.4 18.2
Suriname 21.0 20.5 16.7 18.9 17.3
Liberia 13.4 13.4 19.0 20.0
Tunisia 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.1 20.5
Macedonia, FYR 19.3 18.9 19.5 18.7
Slovenia 20.5 20.5 21.0 19.6 19.9
Grenada 17.3 18.2 18.9 19.7 19.5
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 16.8 18.4 19.8 19.0
Austria 20.8 20.1 19.7 20.0 20.1
Croatia 20.1 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3
Chile 16.2 17.8 19.5 20.3 18.7
Moldova 16.4 18.5 19.6 20.6 20.4
Qatar 25.5 20.3 20.1 20.6 15.9
Greece 19.8 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4
Cabo Verde 21.1 22.7 20.9 21.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 21.0 23.8 22.0 21.6 21.2
Finland 22.5 22.6 22.1 21.7 21.2
Portugal 19.9 20.6 21.3 21.7 21.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.6 20.5 22.0 21.8 23.9
Hungary 20.7 20.3 20.1 21.8 23.7
France 22.3 22.4 22.5 21.9 21.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19.0 20.4 22.5 22.1 20.9
Sweden 21.3 22.6 23.3 22.4 21.7
St. Lucia 23.2 23.5 23.6 22.7 24.4
San Marino 20.7 22.0 22.4 22.8 22.3
Italy 21.5 21.1 22.6 22.9 22.4
Belize 19.7 21.3 21.8 22.9 21.7
Bulgaria 21.3 21.6 22.5 23.1 23.3
Seychelles 29.5 27.3 24.7 23.2 22.4
Netherlands 21.6 22.6 23.2 23.4 22.8
Mongolia 28.7 23.5 21.7
Serbia 23.6 23.1
Belarus 18.4 20.1 22.2 23.7 25.4
Luxembourg 24.4 25.3 24.2 24.0 25.0
Australia 24.3 24.8 24.6 24.1 24.2
Jordan 21.0 24.4 24.6 24.7 17.7
Belgium 25.9 26.0 25.7 25.0 25.3
Morocco 19.9 22.0 22.4 25.1 27.6
Ireland 24.6 25.0 26.4 25.5 23.2
Angola 26.5 26.4 34.5 25.5 30.5
Dominica 20.7 23.5 24.0 25.6 25.2
Botswana 26.9 25.7 27.0
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 26.4 30.3 26.0 29.5
Macao SAR, China 22.1 21.6 21.6 26.0 30.7
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.6 26.6 24.1
Barbados 26.9 26.8
Jamaica 25.1 25.3 26.1 27.0 27.3
United Kingdom 26.3 26.8 27.5 27.2 28.4
Namibia 24.3 25.8 29.1 27.3 30.2
Iceland 25.8 28.1 28.1 27.3 24.3
Norway 27.8 28.7 29.4 28.6 28.3
South Africa 25.3 26.9 28.4 28.9 28.2
New Zealand 29.5 30.6 32.4 30.5 32.2
Denmark 30.8 32.6 31.6 35.8 34.8
Algeria 40.8 37.4 45.3
Cyprus 42.8 45.4 47.7 54.1 51.0
Lesotho 46.7 46.2 61.0 56.9 58.7
Malta 60.4 60.8 63.5 65.9 27.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Myanmar 3.3
Kazakhstan 13.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kiribati
Cameroon
Greenland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Gabon
New Caledonia
Cuba
Mexico
Montenegro
Bermuda
United Arab Emirates
Mauritius
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Fiji 22.2 21.3 23.2
Mauritania
Eritrea
Marshall Islands
Andorra
Iraq
Tonga
Palau
Turkey 18.5
Panama
American Samoa
Papua New Guinea
Monaco
Costa Rica 15.7
Aruba
Somalia
Comoros
Cayman Islands
Solomon Islands
Azerbaijan 16.4
Burundi
Central African Republic 8.3
Argentina 11.9
Chad
French Polynesia
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Sudan
Haiti
Swaziland
Tanzania
Malawi
Timor-Leste
Tajikistan 9.8
Vanuatu
Curacao
Vietnam
Ecuador
Albania 17.3
Brunei Darussalam
Liechtenstein
Saudi Arabia
Turkmenistan
Senegal
Tuvalu
Colombia 12.9
Djibouti
Guam
Libya
Guyana
Rwanda 12.9
Uzbekistan
Samoa
Venezuela, RB 12.9 15.5
Guinea-Bissau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guinea
Yemen, Rep.
Mozambique
Zimbabwe

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