Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.0 5.6 7.5 7.7 10.3
Bangladesh 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.6
Tajikistan 9.0 9.5 11.2 13.7
Madagascar 10.6 10.3 9.4 11.2 12.6
Georgia 11.6 10.8 11.3 10.7 14.6
Gambia, The 10.8 11.1 11.6 12.0
Benin 11.2 11.8 13.2 12.6
Guatemala 10.9 13.2 12.8 14.3 12.7
Bahamas, The 13.1 13.3 13.3 14.4 14.4
Kazakhstan 13.7 13.6 12.7 13.9 14.1
Zambia 14.1 14.2 15.7 17.4
Nicaragua 12.7 14.4 12.2 13.2 12.9
Ethiopia 14.5 17.2 15.8 16.2
Mali 11.6 14.5 13.6 14.0 15.3
Latvia 15.7 14.7 15.8 16.6 17.6
India 15.1 15.3 15.8 15.3 14.9
Kyrgyz Republic 15.8 15.8
Macao SAR, China 16.7 16.1 15.7 15.2 12.3
Pakistan 17.2 16.3 16.9 16.8 14.4
Korea, Rep. 15.8 16.8 15.9 17.9 17.8
Syrian Arab Republic 17.4 17.5 16.8 18.7 19.6
Maldives 25.5 18.2 18.1 17.6 18.1
Singapore 15.8 18.3 16.3 16.0 14.5
Grenada 16.4 18.4 19.4 17.9 19.8
Peru 18.7 18.4 17.7 17.7 17.4
Kenya 16.8 18.5 19.0 18.9 20.9
Ghana 18.7 20.0 22.0 23.5
Malaysia 16.5 18.7 17.7 17.6 18.9
Canada 18.9 18.8 18.1 18.1 17.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.9 19.3 19.3 19.5 19.4
United States 19.4 19.9 20.5 20.3
St. Lucia 17.5 20.1 20.2 21.4 20.5
Bhutan 19.2 20.2 18.5 18.5 17.0
Sierra Leone 28.7 20.6 21.6 18.6 17.8
Belize 17.9 21.5 19.8 24.1 25.4
Uganda 15.5 21.6 22.8 21.6 16.2
Mongolia 22.4 22.1 21.7 24.6
Moldova 28.9 22.3 22.2 27.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.5 22.3 21.9 20.9 20.4
Brazil 21.3 22.6 22.6 24.7 22.7
Antigua and Barbuda 22.6 23.1 25.3 21.9 22.8
Panama 22.1 23.2
Congo, Rep. 23.6 28.0 20.2 30.8
Sri Lanka 23.0 23.8 22.1 20.5 20.7
Trinidad and Tobago 23.9 24.9 22.2 23.3
Venezuela, RB 21.6 24.1 23.3 25.2 24.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.0 24.7 24.9 26.6 28.2
Tunisia 25.0 24.8 25.7 25.4 25.8
Dominica 25.4 25.7 25.3 24.5 23.0
Australia 24.1 26.4 26.5 25.9 25.7
Belarus 25.3 26.9 24.7 28.2 29.3
Papua New Guinea 30.0 26.9 22.1
Jordan 27.1 27.0 28.3 29.5 32.1
South Africa 27.2 27.1 26.5 27.8 28.7
Uruguay 26.6 27.3 27.9 27.9 26.6
Ukraine 26.9 27.6 29.0 29.7 33.0
Estonia 29.4 27.8 27.6 27.6 27.4
Ireland 27.2 28.5 28.7 28.8 28.8
Lebanon 30.5 29.0 28.4 30.5 27.1
Angola 21.9 29.0 25.8 32.5 19.4
Bulgaria 30.5 29.7 31.0 32.0 32.9
Spain 30.6 29.8 26.2 25.1 25.5
Iceland 29.6 29.9 30.9 32.2 30.7
Namibia 28.5 30.1 28.8 29.7 26.4
Germany 30.8 30.3 30.8 31.3 30.2
Oman 29.5 31.4 30.9 30.6 30.0
New Zealand 31.6 30.7 31.2 30.4
Czech Republic 30.8 32.5 34.3 34.3 32.5
Suriname 32.6 29.7 25.5 26.4
Norway 32.0 32.7 37.5 36.9 34.9
Sweden 34.2 33.0 33.5 33.5 32.3
Finland 34.0 33.2 34.4 35.0 34.8
Denmark 33.9 33.6 33.5 34.1 33.6
Luxembourg 32.2 34.1 35.2 37.1 38.2
United Kingdom 34.5 35.3 36.2 37.2 37.5
Poland 35.6 35.2 38.6 36.8
Croatia 38.7 37.0 35.7 34.7 34.7
Netherlands 36.6 37.3 37.8 38.8 38.1
Portugal 36.4 37.3 37.5 38.5 39.2
Italy 37.6 38.4 37.8 37.9 37.1
Slovenia 38.1 39.0 38.3 38.6 38.5
Kuwait 39.4 37.4 34.3 32.2
Austria 39.5 39.6 39.2 39.6 42.3
Hungary 41.3 41.0 43.0 42.9 41.9
Seychelles 43.1 41.9 47.4 36.0 37.6
Greece 42.6 42.1 41.4 40.5 41.0
Lesotho 42.4 43.1 41.4 41.8
Belgium 42.1 42.7 41.1 42.3 40.6
France 43.2 43.5 44.5 44.9 44.4
Israel 44.6 46.7 47.8 46.6 44.2
Cyprus 57.9 59.7 62.0 68.0 64.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.6 33.5
Eritrea
Cuba
Guyana
Curacao
Brunei Darussalam
Jamaica 34.3 34.3
South Sudan
Japan
Argentina 19.7 19.8 15.3
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Cote d'Ivoire 14.3 14.3
Iraq
Costa Rica
Honduras 20.9 19.5
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Comoros
Tuvalu
Indonesia 15.4 15.3 15.8
Vanuatu
Colombia 27.6
Guinea
Lao PDR
Botswana
China
Hong Kong SAR, China 21.0 21.2 19.3
Middle East (developing only)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bahrain
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
Haiti
Liberia 14.1
Azerbaijan
Libya
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27.2 27.3 26.9
Liechtenstein
Tanzania
Lithuania 98.1
Tonga
Guam
Turkmenistan
Chile 19.9 19.0 17.9
Andorra
Guinea-Bissau
Algeria
Qatar 23.5
Vietnam
Russian Federation 22.6 23.0 21.6
Afghanistan
Samoa
French Polynesia
Sao Tome and Principe 22.3 19.5 26.7
Paraguay
Senegal
Philippines 16.3 18.6 17.7
Macedonia, FYR
Chad
Puerto Rico
Malawi
Romania 25.8 23.5 23.2
Central African Republic
Rwanda
Cayman Islands
San Marino 46.7 40.9 43.2
Cameroon
Saudi Arabia
Malta 102.1 101.4
Serbia
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Bolivia 28.8 28.2 27.2
Mauritius
Slovak Republic 38.6 37.1
Mexico 13.1
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bermuda
Cambodia 9.4 9.3 8.2
Fiji 24.9
Monaco
Barbados
Cabo Verde
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Sudan
Morocco 30.4 29.0 29.2
Swaziland
Mozambique
Switzerland 17.9 18.3 18.1
Myanmar 3.1 3.6
Aruba
Djibouti
Thailand 15.9 16.6
Nepal 14.6
Togo 15.3
Equatorial Guinea
Armenia 16.4 17.0
New Caledonia
Turkey
Dominican Republic 13.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Burundi
El Salvador 17.9 15.3 17.0
Niger
United Arab Emirates
Nigeria 11.4 9.9
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Uzbekistan
Ecuador
Albania 20.0 18.3 17.5
Gabon
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Burkina Faso 11.2 10.5 11.4
Yemen, Rep.
Palau
Zimbabwe

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