Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Cambodia 8.2 7.6 8.6 8.2 8.6
Niger 9.1 9.3 11.6
Bangladesh 8.8 9.4 9.7 10.1 10.9
Nigeria 9.9 9.5 7.9 8.1 9.2
Madagascar 12.6 11.0 11.6 11.2 11.8
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.5 12.6 13.9 12.1
Macao SAR, China 12.3 11.9 11.1 10.3 13.9
Liberia 14.1 12.1 10.4 14.3 21.2
Singapore 14.5 12.6 13.1 12.2 14.6
Guatemala 12.7 12.8 13.0 12.5 11.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.3 13.1 14.6 13.0 12.7
Benin 12.6 13.3 13.6 13.1 14.1
Gambia, The 12.0 13.6 13.7 13.0 17.0
Nicaragua 12.9 13.7 15.0 14.6 15.2
Dominican Republic 13.7 14.4 14.6 14.5 16.2
Bahamas, The 14.4 14.5 14.9 15.1 16.3
Pakistan 14.4 14.6 14.1 15.3 17.9
India 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.0 16.9
Nepal 14.6 15.1
Paraguay 15.1 15.6 14.9 14.4
Mali 15.3 15.1 15.0 14.9 13.4
Ethiopia 16.5 15.1 9.7 7.8 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 15.3 15.5 14.2 15.5 16.0
Grenada 19.8 15.9 16.7 16.9 18.5
Japan 16.0 15.7 14.8 16.2
Togo 15.3 16.0 17.3 17.3 13.8
Thailand 16.6 16.4 16.1 17.6 18.2
Indonesia 15.8 16.5 17.8 17.2 18.4
Uganda 16.2 16.7 16.6 16.5 15.3
Philippines 17.7 17.2 16.8 16.6 16.4
Chile 17.9 17.3 16.1 16.4 18.6
Georgia 14.6 17.3 20.3 22.9 29.1
Sierra Leone 17.8 17.5 16.4 12.8 15.9
El Salvador 17.0 17.6 19.4 17.4 19.1
Malaysia 18.9 17.7 17.7 18.1 19.6
Canada 17.3 17.9 17.1 17.0 17.2
Armenia 17.0 18.1 17.1 17.0 21.1
Kenya 20.9 18.2 19.7 19.5 21.4
Syrian Arab Republic 19.6 18.4 18.6 16.1
Peru 17.7 18.5 17.3 18.1 17.7
Korea, Rep. 17.8 18.5 19.3 18.8 19.1
Switzerland 19.1 18.8 17.8 17.2 16.6
St. Lucia 21.2 19.6 17.6 15.6 19.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.3 19.7 16.3 15.9 18.5
Bhutan 17.0 19.8 19.3 18.4 22.6
Qatar 23.5 19.8 22.2 16.1 14.3
Honduras 19.5 19.9 19.9 22.4 22.0
Russian Federation 21.6 19.9 19.5 23.0 21.5
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.2 21.1 20.0 19.2
United States 20.3 20.6 20.5 20.8 22.4
Antigua and Barbuda 22.6 20.8 22.2 21.5 21.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.4 22.0 21.6 20.5 22.9
Trinidad and Tobago 23.3 22.7 29.5 24.5 26.4
Ghana 23.5 22.7 15.6 17.9 20.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 22.9 24.8 20.6 21.1
Zambia 20.0 22.9 17.0 22.7 20.5
Romania 23.2 24.0 25.3 26.1 33.1
Sao Tome and Principe 26.7 24.2 26.3 26.0 21.1
Dominica 23.5 24.3 23.7 24.0 24.2
Fiji 24.9 24.5 26.3
Congo, Rep. 30.8 24.8 20.2 21.2 16.3
Spain 26.1 25.0 24.9 25.1 26.4
Belize 25.4 25.0 25.6 25.6 23.3
Venezuela, RB 24.7 25.1
Australia 25.7 25.6 24.9 24.5 24.3
Namibia 26.4 25.6 24.3 24.0 25.7
Brazil 22.9 25.6 27.2 26.8 26.8
Bolivia 27.2 26.0 23.9 21.8
Kuwait 32.2 26.1 32.3 26.7 43.5
Tunisia 25.8 26.2 25.9 26.2 27.3
Suriname 26.4 26.2 22.6 22.6 20.5
Uruguay 26.6 26.6 26.9 26.5 25.6
Estonia 27.4 26.7 26.6 26.5 30.8
Lebanon 27.1 27.1 32.0 31.9 30.9
Angola 19.4 27.3 23.9 22.5 23.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.9 27.4 32.8 29.3 30.3
Oman 30.1 27.7 26.7 26.0 22.8
Cabo Verde 27.7 26.9 22.5 20.9
Lithuania 28.5 28.1 28.4 28.9 31.6
Latvia 27.8 29.0 29.0 26.2 29.5
Moldova 27.3 29.3 31.9 32.4 32.8
South Africa 29.9 29.9 30.1 30.4 31.5
Morocco 29.2 30.0 27.7 29.1 30.4
Macedonia, FYR 30.2 30.9 29.9 30.8
Belarus 29.3 30.3 32.4 34.7 34.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.4 30.4 28.1 27.1 27.0
Ireland 29.9 30.8 31.0 32.5 37.6
Iceland 31.8 30.8 29.4 29.7 44.3
Jamaica 34.3 30.8 32.5 34.3 35.6
New Zealand 30.7 31.2 31.8 31.7 33.3
Germany 31.2 31.3 30.0 28.7 28.9
Bulgaria 33.7 31.7 30.2 30.0 29.8
Denmark 34.5 32.7 32.0 35.8 36.5
Norway 35.4 33.0 31.5 31.2 30.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.5 33.4 35.3 37.2 39.0
Sweden 34.1 34.5 33.4 31.7 31.4
Czech Republic 33.9 34.5 34.2 32.6 32.7
Croatia 35.1 34.6 33.9 34.3 34.6
Central Europe and the Baltics 35.1 34.8 34.8 33.6 35.2
Slovak Republic 38.0 35.1 34.8 32.0 32.4
Jordan 32.1 35.7 32.8 33.9 31.4
Ukraine 33.0 36.0 36.8 35.0 37.3
Seychelles 37.6 36.3 39.6 36.4 28.7
Poland 36.9 36.3 35.9 34.2 35.2
Finland 36.2 36.4 35.8 34.0 34.9
Maldives 20.3 36.6 33.6 33.2 30.8
Luxembourg 38.4 37.0 34.7 33.1 36.0
Italy 38.5 39.0 39.4 39.0 40.0
San Marino 43.2 39.2 38.1 39.4 38.7
Netherlands 40.4 39.3 40.4 40.0 40.8
Slovenia 39.2 39.7 38.6 35.7 37.2
Austria 43.6 39.8 39.1 38.6 38.7
United Kingdom 38.8 40.4 39.6 39.3 42.4
Portugal 40.0 41.2 39.8 38.9 40.5
Lesotho 41.8 41.9 48.1 46.1 51.0
Hungary 42.4 42.7 44.2 43.7 45.1
Greece 43.1 42.7 42.9 45.2 48.0
Belgium 41.6 44.4 41.1 41.0 42.4
Israel 46.8 45.6 42.5 40.6 40.0
France 45.9 46.1 45.3 44.7 45.0
Cyprus 70.0 72.3 71.5 67.8 66.2
Malta 101.4 98.6 98.8 96.2 43.5
South Sudan
Kyrgyz Republic 15.8 18.1 16.8
Saudi Arabia
Marshall Islands
Barbados 30.3 32.6
Mauritania
Ecuador
Mauritius
Isle of Man
Mexico
Malawi
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Equatorial Guinea 4.3 5.2
Eritrea
Kosovo
Monaco
Iraq
Mongolia 23.3 23.2 25.5
Serbia 38.1 39.2
Montenegro
Somalia
Greenland
Bermuda
Mozambique
Guyana
Myanmar 3.6
Djibouti
Puerto Rico
Vanuatu
Cameroon
Central African Republic 11.0
Rwanda 14.7
Libya
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Burundi
New Caledonia
Samoa
Brunei Darussalam
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Senegal
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cuba
Botswana 28.7 30.1 34.5
Bahrain 16.0 16.2
Kiribati
Tajikistan 13.7
Solomon Islands
Kazakhstan 14.1
Guinea
Andorra
Gabon
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR 10.0 10.2 10.8
Sudan
Liechtenstein
Swaziland
Albania 17.5
Timor-Leste
Azerbaijan 18.5
Tonga
Tanzania
Costa Rica 22.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Vietnam
Argentina 15.3
West Bank and Gaza 10.5 13.7
Turkey 31.2
Fragile and conflict affected situations
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea-Bissau
American Samoa
Panama
United Arab Emirates
Papua New Guinea
Algeria 19.2 21.0 23.2
China
Uzbekistan
Chad
Afghanistan 20.3 24.0 50.3
Comoros
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Colombia 24.4
Yemen, Rep.
Palau
Zimbabwe

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