Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Nigeria 9.9 9.5 7.9 8.1 9.2
Cambodia 8.2 7.6 8.6 8.2 8.6
Niger 9.1 9.3 11.6
Bangladesh 8.8 9.4 9.7 10.1 10.9
Ethiopia 16.5 15.1 9.7 7.8 13.1
Lao PDR 10.0 10.2 10.8
Liberia 14.1 12.1 10.4 14.3 21.2
Macao SAR, China 12.3 11.9 11.1 10.3 13.9
Madagascar 12.6 11.0 11.6 11.2 11.8
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.5 12.6 13.9 12.1
Guatemala 12.7 12.8 13.0 12.5 11.7
Singapore 14.7 12.8 13.3 12.4 14.7
Benin 12.6 13.3 13.6 13.1 14.1
Gambia, The 12.0 13.6 13.7 13.0 17.0
Pakistan 14.4 14.6 14.1 15.3 17.9
Cote d'Ivoire 15.3 15.5 14.2 15.5 16.0
Dominican Republic 13.7 14.4 14.6 14.5 16.2
Bahamas, The 14.4 14.5 14.9 15.1 16.3
Mali 15.3 15.1 15.0 14.9 13.4
Nicaragua 12.9 13.7 15.0 14.6 15.7
India 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.0 16.9
Paraguay 15.1 15.6 14.9 14.4
Ghana 23.5 22.7 15.6 17.9 20.5
Japan 16.0 15.7 14.8 16.2
Kyrgyz Republic 15.8 18.1 16.8
Chile 17.9 17.3 16.1 16.4 18.6
Thailand 16.6 16.4 16.1 17.6 18.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.3 19.7 16.3 15.9 18.5
Peru 16.7 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.6
Sierra Leone 17.8 17.5 16.4 12.8 15.9
Uganda 16.2 16.7 16.6 16.5 15.3
Grenada 19.8 15.9 16.7 16.8 18.4
Philippines 17.7 17.2 16.8 16.6 16.4
Zambia 20.0 22.9 17.0 22.7 20.5
Armenia 17.0 18.1 17.1 17.0 21.1
Togo 15.3 16.0 17.3 17.3 13.9
Canada 17.8 18.4 17.5 17.4 17.7
St. Lucia 21.2 19.6 17.6 15.8 19.8
Malaysia 18.9 17.7 17.7 18.1 19.6
Indonesia 15.8 16.5 17.8 17.2 18.4
Switzerland 19.1 18.8 17.8 17.2 16.6
Syrian Arab Republic 19.6 18.4 18.6 16.1 15.4
Algeria 19.2 21.0 23.2
Bhutan 17.0 19.8 19.3 18.4 22.6
El Salvador 17.0 17.6 19.4 17.4 19.1
Russian Federation 21.6 19.9 19.5 23.0 21.5
Kenya 20.9 18.2 19.7 19.5 21.4
Honduras 19.5 19.9 19.9 22.4 22.0
Congo, Rep. 30.8 24.8 20.2 21.2 16.3
Georgia 14.6 17.3 20.3 22.9 29.1
Afghanistan 20.3 24.0 50.3
United States 20.3 20.6 20.5 20.8 22.4
Korea, Rep. 18.9 19.7 20.5 20.1 20.6
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.2 21.1 20.0 19.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.4 22.0 21.6 20.5 22.8
Antigua and Barbuda 22.6 20.8 22.2 21.4 21.0
Qatar 23.5 20.5 22.3 16.1 14.3
Suriname 26.4 26.2 22.6 22.6 20.5
Mongolia 23.3 23.2 25.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 16.2 21.8 23.6 21.3 20.9
Dominica 23.5 24.3 23.7 23.7 23.7
Angola 19.4 27.3 23.9 22.5 23.5
Bolivia 27.2 26.0 23.9 21.8
Cabo Verde 24.7 24.1 22.5 20.9
Namibia 26.4 25.6 24.3 24.1 24.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 22.9 24.8 20.6 21.1
Spain 26.1 25.0 24.9 25.1 26.4
Australia 25.8 25.7 25.0 24.6 24.4
Romania 23.2 24.0 25.3 26.1 33.1
Belize 25.4 25.0 25.6 25.6 23.3
Tunisia 25.8 26.2 25.9 26.2 27.4
Fiji 24.9 24.5 26.3
Estonia 27.4 26.7 26.6 26.5 30.8
Oman 30.1 27.7 26.7 26.0 22.9
Uruguay 26.6 26.6 26.9 26.5 25.6
Brazil 22.9 25.6 27.2 26.8 26.8
Morocco 29.2 30.0 27.7 29.1 30.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.4 30.4 28.1 26.9 26.8
Lithuania 28.5 28.1 28.4 28.9 31.6
Sao Tome and Principe 27.7 26.2 28.6 26.0 21.1
Botswana 28.7 30.1 34.5
Latvia 27.8 29.0 29.0 26.2 29.5
Iceland 31.8 30.8 29.4 29.7 44.3
Trinidad and Tobago 23.3 22.7 29.5 24.5 26.4
Germany 31.2 31.3 30.0 28.7 28.9
South Africa 29.9 29.9 30.1 30.4 31.5
Bulgaria 33.7 31.7 30.2 30.0 29.8
Macedonia, FYR 30.2 30.9 29.9 30.8
Ireland 29.9 30.8 31.0 32.5 37.6
Lebanon 26.1 26.4 31.1 31.3 29.6
Norway 35.4 33.0 31.5 31.2 30.5
New Zealand 30.7 31.2 31.8 31.8 33.3
Moldova 27.3 29.3 31.9 32.4 32.8
Denmark 34.5 32.7 32.0 35.8 36.5
Kuwait 32.2 26.1 32.3 26.7 43.5
Belarus 29.3 30.3 32.4 34.7 34.0
Jamaica 34.3 30.8 32.5 34.3 35.6
Jordan 32.1 35.7 32.8 33.9 31.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.9 27.4 32.8 29.3 30.3
Sweden 34.1 34.5 33.4 31.7 31.4
Maldives 20.3 36.6 33.6 33.2 30.8
Croatia 35.1 34.6 33.9 34.3 34.6
Czech Republic 33.9 34.5 34.2 32.6 32.7
Luxembourg 38.4 37.0 34.7 33.1 36.0
Slovak Republic 38.0 35.1 34.8 32.0 32.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.5 33.4 35.3 37.2 39.0
Finland 36.2 36.4 35.8 34.0 34.9
Poland 36.9 36.3 35.9 34.2 35.2
Ukraine 33.0 36.0 36.8 35.0 37.3
San Marino 43.2 39.2 38.1 39.4 38.7
Slovenia 39.2 39.7 38.6 35.7 37.2
Austria 43.6 39.8 39.1 38.6 38.7
Italy 38.5 39.0 39.4 39.0 40.0
United Kingdom 38.8 40.4 39.6 39.3 42.4
Seychelles 37.6 36.3 39.6 36.4 28.7
Portugal 40.0 41.2 39.8 38.9 40.5
Netherlands 40.4 39.3 40.4 40.0 40.8
Belgium 41.6 44.4 41.1 41.0 42.4
Israel 46.8 45.6 42.5 40.6 40.0
Greece 43.1 42.7 42.9 45.2 48.0
Hungary 42.4 42.7 44.2 43.7 45.1
France 45.9 46.1 45.3 44.7 45.0
Lesotho 41.8 41.9 48.1 46.1 51.0
Cyprus 70.0 72.3 71.5 67.8 66.2
Malta 101.4 98.6 98.8 96.2 43.5
Timor-Leste
Somalia
Guinea-Bissau
Serbia 38.1 39.2
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Eritrea
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Equatorial Guinea 3.5 5.2
Burundi
Mozambique
Barbados 30.3 32.6
Myanmar 3.6
Aruba
Guyana
Saudi Arabia
Nepal 14.6 15.1
Chad
Marshall Islands
Gabon
New Caledonia
South Sudan
Kosovo
Iraq
Ecuador
Mauritius
Djibouti
Tanzania
Haiti
Tonga
Northern Mariana Islands
Mauritania
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Kiribati
Senegal
Mexico
French Polynesia
Palau
Central African Republic 11.0
Panama
Kazakhstan 14.1
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Cuba
Cameroon
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Sudan
Turkmenistan
Swaziland
Tuvalu
Guinea
Libya
Tajikistan 13.7
Malawi
Bahrain 18.8 19.0
American Samoa
Azerbaijan 18.5
Vanuatu
Guam
Vietnam
Turkey 31.2
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Costa Rica 22.4
Argentina 18.3
Comoros
United Arab Emirates
Colombia 24.4
Andorra
Rwanda 14.6
Uzbekistan
Samoa
Venezuela, RB 24.7 25.1
Albania 17.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Yemen, Rep.
China
Zimbabwe

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