Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Equatorial Guinea 3.5 5.2
Ethiopia 16.5 15.1 9.7 7.8 13.1
Nigeria 9.9 9.5 7.9 8.1 9.2
Cambodia 8.2 7.6 8.6 8.2 8.6
Bangladesh 8.8 9.4 9.7 10.1 10.9
Lao PDR 10.0 10.2 10.8
Macao SAR, China 12.3 11.9 11.1 10.3 13.9
Madagascar 12.6 11.0 11.6 11.2 11.8
Niger 9.1 9.3 11.6
Singapore 14.7 12.8 13.3 12.4 14.7
Guatemala 12.7 12.8 13.0 12.5 11.7
Sierra Leone 17.8 17.5 16.4 12.8 15.9
Gambia, The 12.0 13.6 13.7 13.0 17.0
Benin 12.6 13.3 13.6 13.1 14.1
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.5 12.6 13.9 12.1
Liberia 14.1 12.1 10.4 14.3 21.2
Dominican Republic 13.7 14.4 14.6 14.5 16.2
Nicaragua 12.9 13.7 15.0 14.6 15.7
Japan 16.0 15.7 14.8 16.2
Paraguay 15.1 15.6 14.9 14.4
Mali 15.3 15.1 15.0 14.9 13.4
India 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.0 16.9
Bahamas, The 14.4 14.5 14.9 15.1 16.3
Pakistan 14.4 14.6 14.1 15.3 17.9
Cote d'Ivoire 15.3 15.5 14.2 15.5 16.0
St. Lucia 21.2 19.6 17.6 15.8 19.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.3 19.7 16.3 15.9 18.5
Qatar 23.5 20.5 22.3 16.1 14.3
Syrian Arab Republic 19.6 18.4 18.6 16.1 15.4
Chile 17.9 17.3 16.1 16.4 18.6
Uganda 16.2 16.7 16.6 16.5 15.3
Philippines 17.7 17.2 16.8 16.6 16.4
Grenada 19.8 15.9 16.7 16.8 18.4
Armenia 17.0 18.1 17.1 17.0 21.1
Indonesia 15.8 16.5 17.8 17.2 18.4
Switzerland 19.1 18.8 17.8 17.2 16.6
Peru 16.7 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.6
Togo 15.3 16.0 17.3 17.3 13.9
El Salvador 17.0 17.6 19.4 17.4 19.1
Canada 17.8 18.4 17.5 17.4 17.7
Thailand 16.6 16.4 16.1 17.6 18.2
Ghana 23.5 22.7 15.6 17.9 20.5
Kyrgyz Republic 15.8 18.1 16.8
Malaysia 18.9 17.7 17.7 18.1 19.6
Bhutan 17.0 19.8 19.3 18.4 22.6
Bahrain 18.8 19.0
Kenya 20.9 18.2 19.7 19.5 21.4
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.2 21.1 20.0 19.2
Korea, Rep. 18.9 19.7 20.5 20.1 20.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.4 22.0 21.6 20.5 22.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 22.9 24.8 20.6 21.1
United States 20.3 20.6 20.5 20.8 22.4
Algeria 19.2 21.0 23.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 24.8 20.2 21.2 16.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 16.2 21.8 23.6 21.3 20.9
Antigua and Barbuda 22.6 20.8 22.2 21.4 21.0
Bolivia 27.2 26.0 23.9 21.8
Honduras 19.5 19.9 19.9 22.4 22.0
Angola 19.4 27.3 23.9 22.5 23.5
Cabo Verde 24.7 24.1 22.5 20.9
Suriname 26.4 26.2 22.6 22.6 20.5
Zambia 20.0 22.9 17.0 22.7 20.5
Georgia 14.6 17.3 20.3 22.9 29.1
Russian Federation 21.6 19.9 19.5 23.0 21.5
Mongolia 23.3 23.2 25.5
Dominica 23.5 24.3 23.7 23.7 23.7
Afghanistan 20.3 24.0 50.3
Namibia 26.4 25.6 24.3 24.1 24.7
Trinidad and Tobago 23.3 22.7 29.5 24.5 26.4
Australia 25.8 25.7 25.0 24.6 24.4
Spain 26.1 25.0 24.9 25.1 26.4
Belize 25.4 25.0 25.6 25.6 23.3
Oman 30.1 27.7 26.7 26.0 22.9
Sao Tome and Principe 27.7 26.2 28.6 26.0 21.1
Romania 23.2 24.0 25.3 26.1 33.1
Latvia 27.8 29.0 29.0 26.2 29.5
Tunisia 25.8 26.2 25.9 26.2 27.4
Estonia 27.4 26.7 26.6 26.5 30.8
Uruguay 26.6 26.6 26.9 26.5 25.6
Kuwait 32.2 26.1 32.3 26.7 43.5
Brazil 22.9 25.6 27.2 26.8 26.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.4 30.4 28.1 26.9 26.8
Germany 31.2 31.3 30.0 28.7 28.9
Lithuania 28.5 28.1 28.4 28.9 31.6
Morocco 29.2 30.0 27.7 29.1 30.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.9 27.4 32.8 29.3 30.3
Iceland 31.8 30.8 29.4 29.7 44.3
Macedonia, FYR 30.2 30.9 29.9 30.8
Bulgaria 33.7 31.7 30.2 30.0 29.8
Botswana 28.7 30.1 34.5
Barbados 30.3 32.6
South Africa 29.9 29.9 30.1 30.4 31.5
Norway 35.4 33.0 31.5 31.2 30.5
Lebanon 26.1 26.4 31.1 31.3 29.6
Sweden 34.1 34.5 33.4 31.7 31.4
New Zealand 30.7 31.2 31.8 31.8 33.3
Slovak Republic 38.0 35.1 34.8 32.0 32.4
Moldova 27.3 29.3 31.9 32.4 32.8
Ireland 29.9 30.8 31.0 32.5 37.6
Czech Republic 33.9 34.5 34.2 32.6 32.7
Luxembourg 38.4 37.0 34.7 33.1 36.0
Maldives 20.3 36.6 33.6 33.2 30.8
Jordan 32.1 35.7 32.8 33.9 31.4
Finland 36.2 36.4 35.8 34.0 34.9
Poland 36.9 36.3 35.9 34.2 35.2
Jamaica 34.3 30.8 32.5 34.3 35.6
Croatia 35.1 34.6 33.9 34.3 34.6
Belarus 29.3 30.3 32.4 34.7 34.0
Ukraine 33.0 36.0 36.8 35.0 37.3
Slovenia 39.2 39.7 38.6 35.7 37.2
Denmark 34.5 32.7 32.0 35.8 36.5
Seychelles 37.6 36.3 39.6 36.4 28.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.5 33.4 35.3 37.2 39.0
Serbia 38.1 39.2
Austria 43.6 39.8 39.1 38.6 38.7
Portugal 40.0 41.2 39.8 38.9 40.5
Italy 38.5 39.0 39.4 39.0 40.0
United Kingdom 38.8 40.4 39.6 39.3 42.4
San Marino 43.2 39.2 38.1 39.4 38.7
Netherlands 40.4 39.3 40.4 40.0 40.8
Israel 46.8 45.6 42.5 40.6 40.0
Belgium 41.6 44.4 41.1 41.0 42.4
Hungary 42.4 42.7 44.2 43.7 45.1
France 45.9 46.1 45.3 44.7 45.0
Greece 43.1 42.7 42.9 45.2 48.0
Lesotho 41.8 41.9 48.1 46.1 51.0
Cyprus 70.0 72.3 71.5 67.8 66.2
Malta 101.4 98.6 98.8 96.2 43.5
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Aruba
Monaco
Montenegro
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Mexico
Mozambique
Kosovo
Myanmar 3.6
Burundi
Guinea
Guam
Nepal 14.6 15.1
Tuvalu
Mauritania
Vanuatu
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guinea-Bissau
Somalia
Fiji 24.9 24.5 26.3
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Eritrea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Tonga
Ecuador
Turkmenistan
Djibouti
Kazakhstan 14.1
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Palau
Vietnam
Panama
Mauritius
Papua New Guinea
Isle of Man
Libya
Solomon Islands
South Sudan
Chad
Curacao
Central African Republic 11.0
Guyana
Cameroon
Albania 17.5
St. Martin (French part)
Gabon
Sudan
Tanzania
Swaziland
Timor-Leste
Bermuda
Cuba
Tajikistan 13.7
Haiti
Kiribati
Costa Rica 22.4
Azerbaijan 18.5
Rwanda 14.6
Greenland
Samoa
Turkey 31.2
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Comoros
Argentina 18.3
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Senegal
Andorra
Malawi
Uzbekistan
Iraq
Venezuela, RB 24.7 25.1
Colombia 24.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
China
Yemen, Rep.
Puerto Rico
Zimbabwe

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