Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Equatorial Guinea 3.5 5.2
Cambodia 8.2 7.6 8.6 8.2 8.6
Nigeria 9.9 9.5 7.9 8.1 9.2
Lao PDR 10.0 10.2 10.8
Bangladesh 8.8 9.4 9.7 10.1 10.9
Central African Republic 11.0
Guatemala 12.7 12.8 13.0 12.5 11.7
Madagascar 12.6 11.0 11.6 11.2 11.8
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.5 12.6 13.9 12.1
Ethiopia 16.5 15.1 9.7 7.8 13.1
Mali 15.3 15.1 15.0 14.9 13.4
Togo 15.3 16.0 17.3 17.3 13.9
Macao SAR, China 12.3 11.9 11.1 10.3 13.9
Benin 12.6 13.3 13.6 13.1 14.1
Qatar 23.5 20.5 22.3 16.1 14.3
Paraguay 15.1 15.6 14.9 14.4
Rwanda 14.6
Singapore 14.7 12.8 13.3 12.4 14.7
Uganda 16.2 16.7 16.6 16.5 15.3
Syrian Arab Republic 19.6 18.4 18.6 16.1 15.4
Nicaragua 12.9 13.7 15.0 14.6 15.7
Sierra Leone 17.8 17.5 16.4 12.8 15.9
Cote d'Ivoire 15.3 15.5 14.2 15.5 16.0
Japan 16.0 15.7 14.8 16.2
Dominican Republic 13.7 14.4 14.6 14.5 16.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 24.8 20.2 21.2 16.3
Bahamas, The 14.4 14.5 14.9 15.1 16.3
Philippines 17.7 17.2 16.8 16.6 16.4
Switzerland 19.1 18.8 17.8 17.2 16.6
Peru 16.7 17.3 16.4 17.2 16.6
Kyrgyz Republic 15.8 18.1 16.8
India 14.9 14.9 15.0 15.0 16.9
Gambia, The 12.0 13.6 13.7 13.0 17.0
Canada 17.8 18.4 17.5 17.4 17.7
Pakistan 14.4 14.6 14.1 15.3 17.9
Thailand 16.6 16.4 16.1 17.6 18.2
Grenada 19.8 15.9 16.7 16.8 18.4
Indonesia 15.8 16.5 17.8 17.2 18.4
Azerbaijan 18.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.3 19.7 16.3 15.9 18.5
Chile 17.9 17.3 16.1 16.4 18.6
Bahrain 18.8 19.0
El Salvador 17.0 17.6 19.4 17.4 19.1
Sri Lanka 20.7 20.2 21.1 20.0 19.2
Malaysia 18.9 17.7 17.7 18.1 19.6
St. Lucia 21.2 19.6 17.6 15.8 19.8
Suriname 26.4 26.2 22.6 22.6 20.5
Zambia 20.0 22.9 17.0 22.7 20.5
Ghana 23.5 22.7 15.6 17.9 20.5
Korea, Rep. 18.9 19.7 20.5 20.1 20.6
Cabo Verde 24.7 24.1 22.5 20.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 16.2 21.8 23.6 21.3 20.9
Antigua and Barbuda 22.6 20.8 22.2 21.4 21.0
Sao Tome and Principe 27.7 26.2 28.6 26.0 21.1
Armenia 17.0 18.1 17.1 17.0 21.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 22.9 24.8 20.6 21.1
Liberia 14.1 12.1 10.4 14.3 21.2
Kenya 20.9 18.2 19.7 19.5 21.4
Russian Federation 21.6 19.9 19.5 23.0 21.5
Honduras 19.5 19.9 19.9 22.4 22.0
Costa Rica 22.4
United States 20.3 20.6 20.5 20.8 22.4
Bhutan 17.0 19.8 19.3 18.4 22.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 20.4 22.0 21.6 20.5 22.8
Oman 30.1 27.7 26.7 26.0 22.9
Algeria 19.2 21.0 23.2
Belize 25.4 25.0 25.6 25.6 23.3
Angola 19.4 27.3 23.9 22.5 23.5
Dominica 23.5 24.3 23.7 23.7 23.7
Colombia 24.4
Australia 25.8 25.7 25.0 24.6 24.4
Namibia 26.4 25.6 24.3 24.1 24.7
Mongolia 23.3 23.2 25.5
Uruguay 26.6 26.6 26.9 26.5 25.6
Spain 26.1 25.0 24.9 25.1 26.4
Trinidad and Tobago 23.3 22.7 29.5 24.5 26.4
Brazil 22.9 25.6 27.2 26.8 26.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 28.4 30.4 28.1 26.9 26.8
Tunisia 25.8 26.2 25.9 26.2 27.4
Seychelles 37.6 36.3 39.6 36.4 28.7
Germany 31.2 31.3 30.0 28.7 28.9
Georgia 14.6 17.3 20.3 22.9 29.1
Latvia 27.8 29.0 29.0 26.2 29.5
Lebanon 26.1 26.4 31.1 31.3 29.6
Bulgaria 33.7 31.7 30.2 30.0 29.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.9 27.4 32.8 29.3 30.3
Morocco 29.2 30.0 27.7 29.1 30.4
Norway 35.4 33.0 31.5 31.2 30.5
Macedonia, FYR 30.2 30.9 29.9 30.8
Estonia 27.4 26.7 26.6 26.5 30.8
Maldives 20.3 36.6 33.6 33.2 30.8
Turkey 31.2
Sweden 34.1 34.5 33.4 31.7 31.4
Jordan 32.1 35.7 32.8 33.9 31.4
South Africa 29.9 29.9 30.1 30.4 31.5
Lithuania 28.5 28.1 28.4 28.9 31.6
Slovak Republic 38.0 35.1 34.8 32.0 32.4
Barbados 30.3 32.6
Czech Republic 33.9 34.5 34.2 32.6 32.7
Moldova 27.3 29.3 31.9 32.4 32.8
Romania 23.2 24.0 25.3 26.1 33.1
New Zealand 30.7 31.2 31.8 31.8 33.3
Belarus 29.3 30.3 32.4 34.7 34.0
Botswana 28.7 30.1 34.5
Croatia 35.1 34.6 33.9 34.3 34.6
Finland 36.2 36.4 35.8 34.0 34.9
Poland 36.9 36.3 35.9 34.2 35.2
Jamaica 34.3 30.8 32.5 34.3 35.6
Luxembourg 38.4 37.0 34.7 33.1 36.0
Denmark 34.5 32.7 32.0 35.8 36.5
Slovenia 39.2 39.7 38.6 35.7 37.2
Ukraine 33.0 36.0 36.8 35.0 37.3
Ireland 29.9 30.8 31.0 32.5 37.6
Austria 43.6 39.8 39.1 38.6 38.7
San Marino 43.2 39.2 38.1 39.4 38.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.5 33.4 35.3 37.2 39.0
Serbia 38.1 39.2
Italy 38.5 39.0 39.4 39.0 40.0
Israel 46.8 45.6 42.5 40.6 40.0
Portugal 40.0 41.2 39.8 38.9 40.5
Netherlands 40.4 39.3 40.4 40.0 40.8
United Kingdom 38.8 40.4 39.6 39.3 42.4
Belgium 41.6 44.4 41.1 41.0 42.4
Kuwait 32.2 26.1 32.3 26.7 43.5
Malta 101.4 98.6 98.8 96.2 43.5
Iceland 31.8 30.8 29.4 29.7 44.3
France 45.9 46.1 45.3 44.7 45.0
Hungary 42.4 42.7 44.2 43.7 45.1
Greece 43.1 42.7 42.9 45.2 48.0
Afghanistan 20.3 24.0 50.3
Lesotho 41.8 41.9 48.1 46.1 51.0
Cyprus 70.0 72.3 71.5 67.8 66.2
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Eritrea
Solomon Islands
Nepal 14.6 15.1
Tajikistan 13.7
Guam
Cameroon
New Caledonia
Burundi
Montenegro
Swaziland
Kazakhstan 14.1
Mozambique
Niger 9.1 9.3 11.6
Chad
Ecuador
Myanmar 3.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya
Fiji 24.9 24.5 26.3
Brunei Darussalam
Djibouti
Sudan
Malawi
Bermuda
Palau
Marshall Islands
Panama
Tuvalu
Papua New Guinea
Kiribati
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Guinea
Somalia
Mexico
South Sudan
American Samoa
Iraq
Vanuatu
Greenland
Vietnam
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza
Bolivia 27.2 26.0 23.9 21.8
Albania 17.5
Guyana
Gabon
Mauritania
Haiti
Tanzania
Faeroe Islands
Timor-Leste
Guinea-Bissau
Tonga
Turkmenistan
Aruba
Mauritius
Saudi Arabia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Senegal
Argentina 18.3
China
United Arab Emirates
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Cuba
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Venezuela, RB 24.7 25.1
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Comoros
Yemen, Rep.
Samoa
Zimbabwe

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