Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Maldives 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3
Kuwait 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
United Arab Emirates 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4
Saudi Arabia 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5
Zambia 15.4 15.4 15.0 15.0
Botswana 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.1
Oman 19.5 20.3 12.0 21.6
Samoa 20.2 20.2 19.8 18.9
Macedonia, FYR 20.3 20.3 20.3 17.4
Croatia 21.4 21.4 21.4 21.4
Cambodia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5
West Bank and Gaza 22.5 18.1 16.8 16.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 24.1 24.1 24.1 24.1
Iraq 24.2 27.8 27.8 27.8
Ireland 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4
Chile 25.3 25.1 25.1 25.1
Namibia 25.8 25.8 25.8 22.8
Solomon Islands 26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1
Mauritius 26.2 26.0 24.2 25.8
Iceland 26.4 26.5 26.2 25.8
Tonga 27.5 27.5 27.5 27.5
Singapore 27.7 23.8 23.2 27.9
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Switzerland 28.8 27.6 27.9 27.8
Lesotho 28.8 28.8 22.4 19.6
Ethiopia 30.3 30.3 30.3 30.3
Jordan 31.1 31.1 31.1 31.1
Nigeria 31.6 32.2 32.2 32.2
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 31.8 31.8
Zimbabwe 32.3 32.3 51.4 68.4
Nepal 32.5 32.5 32.8 34.1
Denmark 33.3 31.5 32.0 29.2
Malawi 33.4 33.4 33.0 32.2
Belize 34.7 34.8 34.8 33.2
El Salvador 34.7 34.7 34.7 34.7
United Kingdom 34.7 34.6 34.5 34.2
Lao PDR 35.2 35.2 35.2 33.4
Bangladesh 35.3 35.3 37.0 36.1
Ecuador 35.3 35.3 35.3 34.9
Korea, Rep. 35.4 31.1 30.2 32.5
Lebanon 35.4 35.4 35.4 36.0
Dominican Republic 35.5 35.8 39.5 35.2
St. Lucia 35.7 34.0 34.0 34.0
Serbia 35.8 35.8 35.8 34.0
Malaysia 36.0 36.0 36.0 34.5
Swaziland 36.3 36.3 36.3 36.3
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 36.3 36.3
Latvia 36.4 36.4 36.4 36.8
Armenia 36.6 36.6 38.8 38.6
New Zealand 36.6 35.4 35.5 36.0
Uganda 36.9 35.2 36.8 34.0
Dominica 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Trinidad and Tobago 37.0 37.2 33.1 33.1
Indonesia 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Thailand 37.5 37.4 37.4 37.5
Mozambique 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
South Africa 37.6 37.1 36.5 33.7
Djibouti 37.8 37.8 37.8 37.8
Peru 38.4 38.3 38.3 38.1
Guatemala 38.7 38.7 36.5 40.9
Guyana 39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0
Israel 39.1 38.2 35.2 33.0
Slovenia 39.2 39.2 38.4 35.8
Ghana 39.8 35.9 32.7 32.5
Mongolia 39.8 39.8 39.8 33.8
Vietnam 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Bhutan 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Norway 41.1 41.1 41.1 40.7
Fiji 41.5 41.5 41.5 41.5
Papua New Guinea 41.6 41.5 41.5 41.5
Niger 42.3 42.3 42.4 42.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.8 42.7 42.8 42.8
Pakistan 43.1 41.6 40.2 28.8
Poland 43.2 43.2 43.4 45.1
Syrian Arab Republic 43.3 43.3 43.3 39.8
Portugal 43.8 43.8 42.9 42.5
Tanzania 43.8 43.8 43.9 44.4
Panama 43.9 44.1 44.7 43.8
Honduras 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.1
Kazakhstan 44.1 44.2 41.4 41.5
Equatorial Guinea 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 45.0 45.0 45.0 42.6
Gabon 45.1 44.7 44.7 44.7
Bulgaria 45.2 41.6 35.8 33.9
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
United States 45.8 47.4 46.1 46.4
Azerbaijan 46.4 42.2 40.9 40.9
Rwanda 46.8 36.9 33.5 33.4
Madagascar 46.9 46.5 46.5 42.6
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 48.7 48.7 47.2
Philippines 47.2 47.6 49.1 47.1
Cote d'Ivoire 47.3 47.3 44.6 44.6
Canada 47.5 45.0 44.3 44.1
Burkina Faso 47.5 47.6 47.6 44.5
Germany 47.7 47.4 49.0 49.4
Netherlands 47.7 44.6 41.8 38.2
Moldova 48.0 45.9 42.5 42.0
Seychelles 48.4 48.4 48.4 46.6
Timor-Leste 48.4 48.4 48.4 32.6
Slovak Republic 48.7 47.3 47.3 46.5
Czech Republic 48.8 48.2 47.7 47.7
Finland 49.5 47.7 47.8 47.8
Sudan 49.7 36.1 36.1 36.1
Kenya 49.8 49.8 49.3 49.3
Jamaica 49.9 49.9 49.9 49.9
Venezuela, RB 50.2 49.8 53.6 55.6
Estonia 50.3 49.1 48.4 47.9
Senegal 50.3 45.5 45.5 45.5
Cameroon 50.6 50.8 50.8 50.4
Lithuania 51.2 47.6 46.2 45.6
Mali 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Antigua and Barbuda 51.5 47.6 46.2 46.2
Morocco 51.7 51.7 44.4 52.9
Australia 52.1 51.1 50.1 49.9
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.3 52.3 52.3 52.5
Japan 52.5 52.5 52.5 55.0
Togo 52.5 52.5 52.6 52.6
Turkey 52.8 52.4 44.3 44.3
Cabo Verde 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1
Greece 54.0 49.5 48.9 46.7
Sweden 54.1 54.1 53.7 53.7
Guinea-Bissau 54.2 45.9 45.9 45.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 54.3 46.4 45.1 44.0
Paraguay 54.5 44.8 35.1 35.0
Costa Rica 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.2
Mexico 55.7 53.1 52.3 51.5
Romania 55.8 48.2 45.6 45.4
Hungary 56.6 55.7 55.3 56.6
Sri Lanka 56.7 59.8 61.7 61.7
Georgia 57.0 38.6 38.6 38.6
Ukraine 57.3 57.0 56.6 57.2
Puerto Rico 57.6 57.6 57.6 60.6
Albania 58.2 56.5 45.9 46.2
Austria 58.2 52.4 52.4 52.4
Belgium 59.5 59.3 57.3 55.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 59.6 59.6 58.7 58.7
Russian Federation 60.0 51.2 51.2 48.3
Tunisia 60.6 60.6 60.6 58.6
Spain 61.9 61.9 62.1 60.3
Nicaragua 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.2
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
Congo, Rep. 64.9 64.9 64.9 65.9
France 65.1 65.0 65.0 64.5
Central African Republic 65.7 203.8 203.8 203.8
India 66.6 74.0 72.7 70.3
Kyrgyz Republic 68.1 67.2 61.4 61.4
Brazil 69.0 69.0 69.0 68.4
Uruguay 71.3 71.3 71.3 43.0
Palau 72.5 72.5 72.5 72.5
Chad 74.0 74.0 74.0 71.3
Benin 75.7 75.7 73.2 73.2
Italy 76.8 75.4 75.4 72.5
Algeria 76.9 76.9 74.2 73.8
Tajikistan 79.9 79.9 80.0 83.4
Bolivia 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0
China 80.0 80.7 81.2 79.9
Guinea 80.7 80.7 80.7 80.7
Colombia 83.7 84.0 84.2 80.1
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.5
Mauritania 94.7 94.7 94.7 85.8
Uzbekistan 96.7 112.1 90.3 89.8
Argentina 107.5 107.6 107.6 107.6
Belarus 137.3 137.3 120.8 117.5
Yemen, Rep. 195.2 47.9 47.9 47.8
Comoros 217.9 217.9 217.9 217.9
Sierra Leone 272.0 272.0 235.2 235.2
Burundi 279.7 279.7 279.7 279.7
Gambia, The 286.0 292.1 292.1 292.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 286.5 286.5 288.1 288.1
South Sudan
Guam
Faeroe Islands
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Bahrain 14.7 13.5
Bahamas, The 44.9 44.9
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liberia 42.9 42.9 42.9
Malta
Cuba
Liechtenstein
Montenegro 30.4 30.4 31.0
Cyprus 20.6
St. Martin (French part)
Libya
San Marino
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Barbados
Turkmenistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Qatar 11.3 11.3
Brunei Darussalam 37.4 37.4 37.4
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Myanmar
Luxembourg 20.4 20.0 20.0
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Somalia
Monaco

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