Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Macedonia, FYR 7.5 7.4 7.4 8.3 12.9
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.5
Timor-Leste 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Qatar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Kuwait 10.7 12.4 12.4 12.8 13.0
Bahrain 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Lesotho 14.0 13.8 13.6 13.6 13.6
Saudi Arabia 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6 15.0
United Arab Emirates 14.1 14.9 14.8 14.8 15.9
Brunei Darussalam 16.7 15.4 15.8 15.8 8.7
Zambia 14.4 16.2 15.9 15.5 18.6
Georgia 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.4 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.3 15.3
Samoa 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.1 18.1
Singapore 23.8 18.5 18.6 18.4 18.4
Croatia 21.3 21.2 19.3 18.4 20.0
Canada 20.7 20.1 19.9 21.1 21.1
Luxembourg 19.8 20.0 20.4 20.2 20.1
Cambodia 22.6 22.6 21.0 21.0 21.0
Namibia 21.8 21.8 21.2 20.7 21.3
Montenegro 24.4 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 23.6 22.2 23.3 23.3
Cyprus 22.0 22.2 22.5 23.0 24.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.0 23.0 22.6 22.8 22.8
Oman 22.0 22.0 23.0 22.9 22.9
Mauritius 27.7 27.5 24.5 24.5 22.4
Mongolia 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.4 24.4
Botswana 19.5 25.4 25.3 25.1 25.1
Seychelles 30.0 23.5 25.5 29.8 30.1
Ireland 25.4 25.5 25.8 25.9 25.9
Denmark 26.4 27.0 26.3 26.0 24.5
Lao PDR 31.4 31.4 26.3 25.8 25.3
Bulgaria 27.2 27.8 27.0 27.0 27.0
Chile 24.5 27.7 27.7 27.9 28.9
Iraq 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Switzerland 28.9 29.4 28.4 28.8 28.8
Liberia 42.5 25.4 28.6 33.3 47.8
South Africa 31.8 32.0 28.7 28.9 28.8
Kazakhstan 29.0 29.0 28.9 28.9 29.2
Israel 29.3 28.1 28.9 29.2 30.6
Kyrgyz Republic 33.4 33.4 29.0 29.0 29.0
Jordan 28.2 28.6 29.1 29.0 29.5
Thailand 36.9 37.2 29.2 26.7 27.5
South Sudan 26.4 29.2 29.0 29.0
Nepal 31.5 31.5 29.5 29.5 29.5
Iceland 29.6 30.6 29.8 29.7 29.6
Lebanon 30.6 30.6 30.0 30.3 30.3
Tonga 26.2 26.2 30.1 30.1 30.1
Maldives 9.3 25.9 30.2 30.2 30.2
Sierra Leone 32.4 32.4 31.0 31.0 31.0
Fiji 38.3 37.6 31.1 31.1 31.1
Belize 33.2 33.2 31.1 31.1 31.1
Slovenia 32.9 32.9 31.4 31.0 31.0
Indonesia 31.4 31.4 29.7
Albania 38.3 38.5 31.5 31.4 36.5
Trinidad and Tobago 31.0 31.0 31.5 32.0 32.2
Ethiopia 30.3 32.5 31.6 31.8 32.1
Solomon Islands 26.2 25.3 32.0 32.0 32.0
Guyana 35.9 35.9 32.0 32.3 32.3
Nigeria 32.4 32.4 33.3
Pakistan 32.4 32.6 32.6
Zimbabwe 32.5 32.7 32.4 32.5 32.8
Bangladesh 32.5 32.5 31.6
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Ghana 32.9 32.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Libya 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Rwanda 34.7 34.5 33.0 33.0 33.0
Serbia 33.3 33.3 33.2 38.6 39.7
Korea, Rep. 34.1 33.9 33.3 33.1 33.2
Yemen, Rep. 34.5 33.6 33.3 33.1 33.1
Malawi 29.0 32.4 33.5 35.2 34.5
Ecuador 34.5 34.5 33.7 33.0 33.0
Myanmar 37.6 33.7 32.4 31.4
New Zealand 34.4 34.0 34.4 34.4 34.3
Barbados 35.0 34.7 34.6 34.6 34.7
St. Lucia 34.4 34.6 34.7 34.7 34.7
United Kingdom 36.2 35.0 34.7 33.5 32.0
Latvia 37.0 35.8 35.0 35.0 35.9
Paraguay 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Bhutan 37.3 37.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 35.8 36.3 36.3
Armenia 38.8 38.8 35.9 20.1 19.9
Peru 36.6 36.4 36.0 35.9 35.9
Mozambique 37.0 37.0 36.1 36.1 36.1
Cabo Verde 37.9 37.2 36.5 36.5 36.5
Uganda 36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5 36.5
Swaziland 37.6 36.8 36.7 36.9 34.7
Dominica 37.1 37.1 37.0 37.0 37.0
Panama 43.6 40.5 37.0 37.2 37.2
Kenya 48.9 43.7 37.4 37.1 37.1
Djibouti 38.1 38.1 37.6 37.6 37.6
Sao Tome and Principe 38.7 38.7 38.2 38.2 38.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.7 38.7 38.6 38.6 38.6
El Salvador 34.8 34.8 38.7 38.7 38.7
Madagascar 41.2 39.8 38.9 38.1 38.1
Malaysia 34.1 34.6 39.1 39.3 40.0
Papua New Guinea 42.1 42.1 39.3 39.3 39.3
Netherlands 39.6 39.2 39.5 39.0 41.0
Moldova 30.8 30.8 39.7 39.7 40.2
Turkey 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.3 40.9
Azerbaijan 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.8 39.8
Syrian Arab Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 42.7 42.7
Finland 39.1 40.6 39.9 40.1 37.9
San Marino 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.5
Poland 40.1 40.3 40.1 40.1 40.3
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.3 40.3 40.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44.2 43.2 40.6 44.8 45.0
Norway 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.4 39.5
Vietnam 40.0 34.3 40.8 40.8 39.4
Antigua and Barbuda 41.0 41.0 40.9 41.6 41.9
Guatemala 40.9 40.9 40.9 39.9 37.5
Malta 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3
Burkina Faso 42.7 42.7 41.3 41.3 41.3
Uruguay 41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8 41.8
Portugal 42.8 42.0 42.3 42.4 41.0
Philippines 44.5 44.5 42.5 42.5 42.9
Honduras 43.1 39.5 42.6 41.8 44.3
Lithuania 43.1 43.0 42.9 42.4 42.6
Gabon 43.5 43.5 43.2 40.6 45.7
Romania 43.5 43.3 43.2 43.2 42.0
Dominican Republic 41.2 43.4 43.5 43.2 42.4
United States 43.8 43.8 43.9
Greece 45.9 44.1 44.0 50.7 49.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Tanzania 44.9 44.9 44.3 44.3 43.9
Burundi 46.5 46.5 45.2 40.3 40.3
Senegal 45.5 45.5 45.3 45.1 47.3
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
Sudan 36.1 36.1 45.4 45.4 45.4
Guinea-Bissau 45.9 45.9 45.5 45.5 45.5
Jamaica 46.6 46.6 46.5 41.1 35.2
Equatorial Guinea 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Niger 44.3 44.3 47.3 47.8 48.2
Australia 47.3 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.6
Mali 51.1 51.1 48.3 48.3 48.3
Bahamas, The 44.6 44.6 48.5 41.1 33.7
Russian Federation 48.7 48.9 47.0
Morocco 49.7 49.7 48.8 49.0 49.1
Cameroon 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Togo 48.9 48.9 48.9 50.3 48.5
Germany 45.6 45.9 49.1 48.8 48.8
Slovak Republic 50.2 49.7 49.3 51.3 51.2
Hungary 52.0 49.8 49.3 48.0 48.4
Puerto Rico 63.1 50.4 49.6 66.0 65.8
Estonia 57.8 66.8 49.7 49.4 49.4
Japan 49.8 51.3 51.3
Czech Republic 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.4 50.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.5 51.9 51.6 49.7 49.7
Mexico 51.7 51.8 51.7
Austria 50.8 52.3 51.9 51.7 51.7
Belarus 62.3 58.5 52.0 51.8 51.8
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0 48.4
Sweden 52.1 52.1 52.1 49.1 49.1
Cote d'Ivoire 50.1 44.4 52.5 51.9 51.9
Ukraine 57.1 55.4 54.4 52.7 52.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 339.1 339.1 55.7 54.7 54.6
Congo, Rep. 63.1 64.5 55.8 55.0 56.0
Sri Lanka 112.9 55.3 57.0 55.4 55.2
Spain 37.9 37.9 57.1 58.2 50.0
Costa Rica 58.0 58.4 58.0 58.0 58.0
Belgium 57.7 58.2 58.0 58.4 58.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 59.0 59.9 60.0 60.5 60.5
India 60.8 60.6 60.6
Nicaragua 64.1 62.4 62.4 63.1 63.9
Tunisia 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 59.9
Benin 65.2 65.2 63.3 63.3 63.3
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
Venezuela, RB 62.8 61.8 65.4 65.4 65.0
Mauritania 68.2 68.2 65.6 71.3 71.3
Italy 67.6 67.6 65.6 65.2 64.8
France 65.7 67.4 67.4 68.9 62.7
Guinea 91.2 91.2 68.3 68.3 68.3
China 68.7 68.5 67.8
Brazil 69.2 69.2 69.2
Chad 75.8 75.7 72.4 63.5 63.5
Algeria 73.0 72.8 72.7 72.7 72.7
Central African Republic 54.6 67.4 73.3 73.3 73.3
Palau 72.5 75.2 75.0 75.4 75.4
Colombia 76.4 76.0 76.1 77.3 69.7
Tajikistan 84.5 84.5 80.9 81.8 81.8
Bolivia 80.0 83.4 83.7 83.7 83.7
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 83.7 83.7 83.7
Uzbekistan 97.7 98.7 93.7 42.1 41.1
Argentina 107.4 107.5 119.4 137.4 137.4
Comoros 217.9 217.9 216.5 216.5 216.5
Gambia, The 283.2 283.2 275.4 63.3 63.3
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Curacao
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Guam
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Faroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Tuvalu
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turkmenistan
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cuba

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