Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Macedonia, FYR 14.6 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.2
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Maldives 9.3 9.3 9.3 26.8 28.9
Kuwait 10.7 10.7 10.7 12.4 12.4
Timor-Leste 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Qatar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Bahrain 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
United Arab Emirates 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.9 14.9
Zambia 15.0 14.3 14.4 15.1 15.1
Saudi Arabia 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5
Georgia 15.3 15.3 16.5 16.5 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5
Kosovo 28.3 16.5 15.4 15.4 15.4
Brunei Darussalam 30.3 17.3 16.8 16.8 16.1
Samoa 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9
Botswana 17.0 19.5 19.5 25.4 25.4
Lesotho 19.9 19.6 16.0 16.0 16.0
Luxembourg 20.0 20.0 19.8 20.0 20.7
Cambodia 21.7 21.4 21.4 21.4 21.4
Oman 21.6 21.6 22.0 22.0 22.0
Croatia 21.4 22.1 21.9 21.8 19.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25.9 22.2 23.7 23.7 25.5
Cyprus 20.6 22.3 22.0 22.2 22.5
Namibia 22.3 22.3 21.8 21.8 21.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 22.9
Mongolia 24.3 24.3 24.6 24.6 24.6
Chile 24.8 24.5 24.5 27.7 27.7
Ireland 25.5 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.7
Tonga 27.5 25.4 25.4 25.4 29.6
Montenegro 26.3 25.4 20.9 20.9 20.9
Singapore 27.8 25.4 27.1 27.6 27.1
Malawi 26.3 25.9 29.0 32.4 34.9
Iceland 24.3 26.1 29.6 30.6 29.9
Solomon Islands 26.1 26.2 26.2 25.3 24.9
Mauritius 26.0 27.2 27.7 27.5 28.2
Canada 42.3 27.7 26.1 24.6 24.3
Iraq 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Bulgaria 30.4 28.0 27.2 27.7 27.7
Denmark 28.2 28.1 26.4 27.0 27.0
Kazakhstan 34.7 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Switzerland 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.1 29.1
Korea, Rep. 31.0 28.8 28.7 29.0 27.9
South Africa 29.8 30.0 32.4 32.7 30.1
Lebanon 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2
Ethiopia 30.3 30.3 30.3 32.5 33.4
Moldova 31.0 30.4 30.8 30.8 40.4
Kyrgyz Republic 59.4 30.6 33.4 33.4 33.4
Pakistan 30.9 30.9 34.6 34.6 34.7
Rwanda 31.0 31.0 31.0 30.8 29.9
Israel 31.9 31.1 30.2 29.0 29.9
Jordan 31.1 31.2 27.7 28.1 28.9
Nepal 32.5 31.7 31.5 31.5 31.5
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 31.8 31.8 31.8
Indonesia 37.8 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2
Nigeria 32.2 32.2 32.7 33.8 33.8
Lao PDR 32.3 32.3 31.9 31.9 26.8
Ghana 32.5 32.5 33.4 33.4 22.9
Vietnam 39.9 32.9 40.0 34.3 35.2
Trinidad and Tobago 33.1 33.1 29.1 29.1 29.1
Albania 37.0 33.1 31.5 32.0 31.7
Belize 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2
Sao Tome and Principe 47.2 33.3 32.5 32.5 32.5
Malaysia 34.2 33.7 34.0 24.5 36.3
Serbia 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 36.8
St. Lucia 34.4 34.0 34.4 34.6 34.6
Slovenia 36.7 34.6 33.9 33.9 32.5
New Zealand 33.2 34.7 34.4 34.0 34.6
El Salvador 34.8 34.8 34.8 34.8 38.1
Uganda 35.0 35.0 35.0 36.6 36.6
Bangladesh 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Paraguay 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Ecuador 34.9 35.3 35.3 34.6 33.9
United Kingdom 34.9 36.1 36.1 35.0 34.0
Sudan 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 36.3 36.3 36.3
Swaziland 36.3 36.5 36.5 36.5 36.5
Thailand 36.9 36.9 36.9 37.2 29.8
Dominica 37.0 37.0 37.1 37.1 37.1
Peru 37.2 37.1 36.6 36.4 36.4
Cabo Verde 49.7 37.5 37.9 37.2 37.2
Mozambique 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Latvia 37.7 37.6 37.1 35.9 35.9
Madagascar 38.4 37.7 37.1 36.4 35.8
Djibouti 37.8 37.8 37.8 37.8 37.8
Armenia 38.6 38.6 38.8 38.8 38.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 41.0 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.7
Guyana 38.8 38.8 35.9 35.9 32.5
Zimbabwe 38.2 39.1 34.3 34.5 35.3
Fiji 41.2 39.3 38.3 37.6 31.2
Netherlands 38.5 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.3
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7
Poland 42.2 40.1 39.5 39.8 41.6
Dominican Republic 38.4 40.1 41.2 43.4 43.5
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Norway 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7
Bhutan 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Finland 47.7 40.8 39.0 40.6 39.8
Central Europe and the Baltics 41.4 40.9 41.0 41.5 39.8
Azerbaijan 40.9 40.9 40.0 40.0 40.0
Guatemala 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9
Antigua and Barbuda 41.0 41.0 41.0 41.0 41.0
Uruguay 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Papua New Guinea 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 43.0 42.6 43.6 42.6 42.6
Portugal 42.3 42.6 42.7 42.0 42.3
Liberia 42.9 42.9 42.9 26.6 26.6
Turkey 43.3 43.3 40.0 40.0 40.2
Romania 45.1 43.5 43.1 42.9 42.9
Gabon 44.7 43.5 43.5 43.5 43.5
Philippines 47.1 43.8 44.5 44.5 44.5
Panama 43.8 43.8 43.6 40.5 40.5
Honduras 44.1 44.1 43.6 40.0 39.2
Seychelles 44.1 44.1 32.2 25.7 25.7
Equatorial Guinea 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.2 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Cote d'Ivoire 44.4 44.2 44.0 39.4 46.4
Tanzania 44.4 44.4 44.9 44.9 44.9
Burkina Faso 44.9 44.8 43.5 43.5 43.9
Bahamas, The 44.9 44.9 46.6 46.6 46.6
Lithuania 43.6 45.1 43.1 43.0 43.1
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.5 48.5
Guinea-Bissau 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
United States 46.1 46.5 46.5 46.4 46.3
Russian Federation 48.3 46.5 46.9 54.1 50.7
Niger 46.5 46.5 43.8 43.8 48.0
Greece 46.7 46.7 45.9 44.1 44.0
Germany 43.9 47.0 45.6 45.9 49.4
Slovak Republic 47.5 47.4 47.6 47.1 47.2
Australia 47.6 47.5 47.3 47.2 47.0
Japan 55.3 47.6 48.4 49.4 49.7
Yemen, Rep. 47.8 47.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Czech Republic 46.4 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.1
Estonia 48.1 48.6 57.6 66.4 49.4
Jamaica 49.9 48.7 44.3 44.3 44.3
Cameroon 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Kenya 49.3 49.3 49.3 44.2 44.2
Morocco 49.3 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.6
Togo 52.5 50.3 48.9 48.9 49.4
Mexico 51.0 50.5 52.7 52.5 53.7
Mali 51.4 51.4 51.1 51.1 49.5
Venezuela, RB 60.4 51.9 62.8 61.9 61.7
Sweden 53.9 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.5 52.5 52.5 51.9 51.9
Austria 53.4 53.2 52.3 52.4 52.4
Hungary 56.6 54.6 52.0 49.5 49.7
Costa Rica 55.2 55.3 55.3 55.3 55.3
Ukraine 57.2 55.5 57.1 55.4 54.9
Belgium 54.5 56.7 57.0 57.6 57.5
Spain 57.1 56.8 38.7 38.7 58.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.7 58.7 59.0 59.9 59.9
Tunisia 62.3 62.3 62.4 62.4 62.4
Nicaragua 63.2 63.2 66.9 64.9 64.9
China 63.8 63.5 63.5 63.7 63.7
Puerto Rico 60.6 63.6 63.1 50.7 50.7
France 64.8 64.8 64.7 64.7 64.7
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
India 66.0 64.9 62.9 62.8 62.8
Benin 73.2 65.9 65.9 65.9 65.9
Congo, Rep. 65.9 66.3 65.3 64.9 63.8
Brazil 65.6 66.3 66.3 68.5 68.3
Italy 67.7 67.7 67.7 67.7 65.8
Mauritania 85.8 68.2 68.2 68.2 68.2
Algeria 72.0 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.9
Palau 72.5 72.5 72.5 75.2 75.2
Fragile and conflict affected situations 78.2 74.9 57.9 55.6 49.3
Chad 71.3 75.8 75.8 75.7 73.8
Bolivia 80.0 80.0 80.0 83.4 83.4
Colombia 80.3 80.3 76.4 76.0 76.0
Belarus 99.7 80.5 62.3 60.5 54.0
Tajikistan 83.8 84.0 84.5 84.5 86.0
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.5
Guinea 80.7 87.9 91.2 91.2 91.2
Uzbekistan 94.8 95.6 97.5 98.5 99.3
Sri Lanka 61.7 96.6 112.9 55.3 55.1
Argentina 107.6 107.6 107.7 107.8 107.8
Burundi 279.7 154.5 51.6 51.6 51.6
Central African Republic 203.8 203.8 54.6 67.4 87.6
Comoros 217.9 217.9 217.9 217.9 217.9
Sierra Leone 235.2 235.2 32.4 32.4 32.4
Gambia, The 292.1 292.1 283.2 283.2 283.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 292.7 339.1 339.1 339.1 118.1
Myanmar 52.7 48.9
San Marino 42.2 42.2
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Guam
Isle of Man
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Barbados 41.1 40.8 40.8
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Bermuda
Curacao
Libya 31.6 31.6
Andorra
Cuba
Somalia
South Sudan 26.3 28.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Malta 41.0 40.9 41.0
Macao SAR, China

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