Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Macedonia, FYR 7.5 7.4 7.4 8.3 12.9
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.5
Maldives 9.3 25.9 30.2 30.2 30.2
Kuwait 10.7 12.4 12.4 12.8 13.0
Timor-Leste 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Qatar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Bahrain 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Lesotho 14.0 13.8 13.6 13.6 13.6
United Arab Emirates 14.1 14.9 14.8 14.8 15.9
Zambia 14.4 16.2 15.9 15.5 18.6
Saudi Arabia 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6 15.0
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.3 15.3
Georgia 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.4 16.4
Brunei Darussalam 16.7 15.4 15.8 15.8 8.7
Samoa 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.1 18.1
Botswana 19.5 25.4 25.3 25.1 25.1
Luxembourg 19.8 20.0 20.4 20.2 20.1
Canada 20.7 20.1 19.9 21.1 21.1
Croatia 21.3 21.2 19.3 18.4 20.0
Namibia 21.8 21.8 21.2 20.7 21.3
Cyprus 22.0 22.2 22.5 23.0 24.4
Oman 22.0 22.0 23.0 22.9 22.9
Cambodia 22.6 22.6 21.0 21.0 21.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.0 23.0 22.6 22.8 22.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 23.6 22.2 23.3 23.3
Singapore 23.8 18.5 18.6 18.4 18.4
Mongolia 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.4 24.4
Montenegro 24.4 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6
Chile 24.5 27.7 27.7 27.9 28.9
Ireland 25.4 25.5 25.8 25.9 25.9
Solomon Islands 26.2 25.3 32.0 32.0 32.0
Tonga 26.2 26.2 30.1 30.1 30.1
Denmark 26.4 27.0 26.3 26.0 24.5
Bulgaria 27.2 27.8 27.0 27.0 27.0
Mauritius 27.7 27.5 24.5 24.5 22.4
Iraq 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Jordan 28.2 28.6 29.1 29.0 29.5
Switzerland 28.9 29.4 28.4 28.8 28.8
Malawi 29.0 32.4 33.5 35.2 34.5
Kazakhstan 29.0 29.0 28.9 28.9 29.2
Israel 29.3 28.1 28.9 29.2 30.6
Iceland 29.6 30.6 29.8 29.7 29.6
Seychelles 30.0 23.5 25.5 29.8 30.1
Ethiopia 30.3 32.5 31.6 31.8 32.1
Lebanon 30.6 30.6 30.0 30.3 30.3
Moldova 30.8 30.8 39.7 39.7 40.2
Trinidad and Tobago 31.0 31.0 31.5 32.0 32.2
Lao PDR 31.4 31.4 26.3 25.8 25.3
Nepal 31.5 31.5 29.5 29.5 29.5
South Africa 31.8 32.0 28.7 28.9 28.8
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Sierra Leone 32.4 32.4 31.0 31.0 31.0
Zimbabwe 32.5 32.7 32.4 32.5 32.8
Ghana 32.9 32.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Slovenia 32.9 32.9 31.4 31.0 31.0
Belize 33.2 33.2 31.1 31.1 31.1
Serbia 33.3 33.3 33.2 38.6 39.7
Kyrgyz Republic 33.4 33.4 29.0 29.0 29.0
Korea, Rep. 34.1 33.9 33.3 33.1 33.2
Malaysia 34.1 34.6 39.1 39.3 40.0
New Zealand 34.4 34.0 34.4 34.4 34.3
St. Lucia 34.4 34.6 34.7 34.7 34.7
Yemen, Rep. 34.5 33.6 33.3 33.1 33.1
Ecuador 34.5 34.5 33.7 33.0 33.0
Rwanda 34.7 34.5 33.0 33.0 33.0
El Salvador 34.8 34.8 38.7 38.7 38.7
Barbados 35.0 34.7 34.6 34.6 34.7
Paraguay 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Guyana 35.9 35.9 32.0 32.3 32.3
Sudan 36.1 36.1 45.4 45.4 45.4
United Kingdom 36.2 35.0 34.7 33.5 32.0
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 35.8 36.3 36.3
Peru 36.6 36.4 36.0 35.9 35.9
Uganda 36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5 36.5
Thailand 36.9 37.2 29.2 26.7 27.5
Mozambique 37.0 37.0 36.1 36.1 36.1
Latvia 37.0 35.8 35.0 35.0 35.9
Dominica 37.1 37.1 37.0 37.0 37.0
Bhutan 37.3 37.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Swaziland 37.6 36.8 36.7 36.9 34.7
Cabo Verde 37.9 37.2 36.5 36.5 36.5
Spain 37.9 37.9 57.1 58.2 50.0
Djibouti 38.1 38.1 37.6 37.6 37.6
Albania 38.3 38.5 31.5 31.4 36.5
Fiji 38.3 37.6 31.1 31.1 31.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.7 38.7 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sao Tome and Principe 38.7 38.7 38.2 38.2 38.2
Armenia 38.8 38.8 35.9 20.1 19.9
Finland 39.1 40.6 39.9 40.1 37.9
Netherlands 39.6 39.2 39.5 39.0 41.0
Syrian Arab Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 42.7 42.7
Vietnam 40.0 34.3 40.8 40.8 39.4
Azerbaijan 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.8 39.8
Turkey 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.3 40.9
Poland 40.1 40.3 40.1 40.1 40.3
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.3 40.3 40.3
Norway 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.4 39.5
Guatemala 40.9 40.9 40.9 39.9 37.5
Antigua and Barbuda 41.0 41.0 40.9 41.6 41.9
Dominican Republic 41.2 43.4 43.5 43.2 42.4
Madagascar 41.2 39.8 38.9 38.1 38.1
Malta 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3
Uruguay 41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8 41.8
Papua New Guinea 42.1 42.1 39.3 39.3 39.3
Liberia 42.5 25.4 28.6 33.3 47.8
Burkina Faso 42.7 42.7 41.3 41.3 41.3
Portugal 42.8 42.0 42.3 42.4 41.0
Lithuania 43.1 43.0 42.9 42.4 42.6
Honduras 43.1 39.5 42.6 41.8 44.3
Romania 43.5 43.3 43.2 43.2 42.0
Gabon 43.5 43.5 43.2 40.6 45.7
Panama 43.6 40.5 37.0 37.2 37.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44.2 43.2 40.6 44.8 45.0
Niger 44.3 44.3 47.3 47.8 48.2
Philippines 44.5 44.5 42.5 42.5 42.9
Bahamas, The 44.6 44.6 48.5 41.1 33.7
Tanzania 44.9 44.9 44.3 44.3 43.9
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.5 45.5 45.3 45.1 47.3
Germany 45.6 45.9 49.1 48.8 48.8
Guinea-Bissau 45.9 45.9 45.5 45.5 45.5
Greece 45.9 44.1 44.0 50.7 49.6
Burundi 46.5 46.5 45.2 40.3 40.3
Jamaica 46.6 46.6 46.5 41.1 35.2
Equatorial Guinea 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Australia 47.3 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.6
Cameroon 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Kenya 48.9 43.7 37.4 37.1 37.1
Togo 48.9 48.9 48.9 50.3 48.5
Morocco 49.7 49.7 48.8 49.0 49.1
Czech Republic 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.4 50.4
Cote d'Ivoire 50.1 44.4 52.5 51.9 51.9
Slovak Republic 50.2 49.7 49.3 51.3 51.2
Austria 50.8 52.3 51.9 51.7 51.7
Mali 51.1 51.1 48.3 48.3 48.3
Hungary 52.0 49.8 49.3 48.0 48.4
Sweden 52.1 52.1 52.1 49.1 49.1
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0 48.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.5 51.9 51.6 49.7 49.7
Central African Republic 54.6 67.4 73.3 73.3 73.3
Ukraine 57.1 55.4 54.4 52.7 52.2
Belgium 57.7 58.2 58.0 58.4 58.4
Estonia 57.8 66.8 49.7 49.4 49.4
Costa Rica 58.0 58.4 58.0 58.0 58.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 59.0 59.9 60.0 60.5 60.5
Belarus 62.3 58.5 52.0 51.8 51.8
Tunisia 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 59.9
Venezuela, RB 62.8 61.8 65.4 65.4 65.0
Congo, Rep. 63.1 64.5 55.8 55.0 56.0
Puerto Rico 63.1 50.4 49.6 66.0 65.8
Nicaragua 64.1 62.4 62.4 63.1 63.9
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
Benin 65.2 65.2 63.3 63.3 63.3
France 65.7 67.4 67.4 68.9 62.7
Italy 67.6 67.6 65.6 65.2 64.8
Mauritania 68.2 68.2 65.6 71.3 71.3
Palau 72.5 75.2 75.0 75.4 75.4
Algeria 73.0 72.8 72.7 72.7 72.7
Chad 75.8 75.7 72.4 63.5 63.5
Colombia 76.4 76.0 76.1 77.3 69.7
Bolivia 80.0 83.4 83.7 83.7 83.7
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 83.7 83.7 83.7
Tajikistan 84.5 84.5 80.9 81.8 81.8
Guinea 91.2 91.2 68.3 68.3 68.3
Uzbekistan 97.7 98.7 93.7 42.1 41.1
Argentina 107.4 107.5 119.4 137.4 137.4
Sri Lanka 112.9 55.3 57.0 55.4 55.2
Comoros 217.9 217.9 216.5 216.5 216.5
Gambia, The 283.2 283.2 275.4 63.3 63.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 339.1 339.1 55.7 54.7 54.6
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Japan 49.8 51.3 51.3
Libya 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Brazil 69.2 69.2 69.2
Russian Federation 48.7 48.9 47.0
Greenland
Bangladesh 32.5 32.5 31.6
South Sudan 26.4 29.2 29.0 29.0
San Marino 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.5
Somalia
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
Myanmar 37.6 33.7 32.4 31.4
Guam
Turkmenistan
Aruba
Tuvalu
French Polynesia
Nigeria 32.4 32.4 33.3
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mexico 51.7 51.8 51.7
Faroe Islands
American Samoa
Andorra
Monaco
United States 43.8 43.8 43.9
Pakistan 32.4 32.6 32.6
Indonesia 31.4 31.4 29.7
India 60.8 60.6 60.6
Northern Mariana Islands
China 68.7 68.5 67.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Cuba

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