Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Macedonia, FYR 7.5 7.4 7.4 8.3 12.9
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.5
Timor-Leste 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Qatar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Kuwait 10.7 12.4 12.4 12.8 13.0
Bahrain 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Lesotho 14.0 13.8 13.6 13.6 13.6
Saudi Arabia 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6 15.0
United Arab Emirates 14.1 14.9 14.8 14.8 15.9
Brunei Darussalam 16.7 15.4 15.8 15.8 8.7
Zambia 14.4 16.2 15.9 15.5 18.6
Georgia 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.4 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.3 15.3
Samoa 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.1 18.1
Singapore 23.8 18.5 18.6 18.4 18.4
Luxembourg 19.8 20.0 20.4 20.2 20.1
Canada 20.7 20.1 19.9 21.1 21.1
Croatia 21.3 21.2 19.3 18.4 20.0
Montenegro 24.4 21.6 21.6 21.6 21.6
Namibia 21.8 21.8 21.2 20.7 21.3
Oman 22.0 22.0 23.0 22.9 22.9
Cyprus 22.0 22.2 22.5 23.0 24.4
Cambodia 22.6 22.6 21.0 21.0 21.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.0 23.0 22.6 22.8 22.8
Seychelles 30.0 23.5 25.5 29.8 30.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 23.6 22.2 23.3 23.3
Mongolia 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.4 24.4
Solomon Islands 26.2 25.3 32.0 32.0 32.0
Liberia 42.5 25.4 28.6 33.3 47.8
Botswana 19.5 25.4 25.3 25.1 25.1
Ireland 25.4 25.5 25.8 25.9 25.9
Maldives 9.3 25.9 30.2 30.2 30.2
Tonga 26.2 26.2 30.1 30.1 30.1
South Sudan 26.4 29.2 29.0 29.0
Denmark 26.4 27.0 26.3 26.0 24.5
Mauritius 27.7 27.5 24.5 24.5 22.4
Chile 24.5 27.7 27.7 27.9 28.9
Iraq 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Bulgaria 27.2 27.8 27.0 27.0 27.0
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Israel 29.3 28.1 28.9 29.2 30.6
Jordan 28.2 28.6 29.1 29.0 29.5
Kazakhstan 29.0 29.0 28.9 28.9 29.2
Switzerland 28.9 29.4 28.4 28.8 28.8
Iceland 29.6 30.6 29.8 29.7 29.6
Lebanon 30.6 30.6 30.0 30.3 30.3
Moldova 30.8 30.8 39.7 39.7 40.2
Trinidad and Tobago 31.0 31.0 31.5 32.0 32.2
Lao PDR 31.4 31.4 26.3 25.8 25.3
Nepal 31.5 31.5 29.5 29.5 29.5
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
South Africa 31.8 32.0 28.7 28.9 28.8
Malawi 29.0 32.4 33.5 35.2 34.5
Sierra Leone 32.4 32.4 31.0 31.0 31.0
Ethiopia 30.3 32.5 31.6 31.8 32.1
Zimbabwe 32.5 32.7 32.4 32.5 32.8
Ghana 32.9 32.8 32.7 32.7 32.7
Libya 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Slovenia 32.9 32.9 31.4 31.0 31.0
Belize 33.2 33.2 31.1 31.1 31.1
Serbia 33.3 33.3 33.2 38.6 39.7
Kyrgyz Republic 33.4 33.4 29.0 29.0 29.0
Yemen, Rep. 34.5 33.6 33.3 33.1 33.1
Korea, Rep. 34.1 33.9 33.3 33.1 33.2
New Zealand 34.4 34.0 34.4 34.4 34.3
Vietnam 40.0 34.3 40.8 40.8 39.4
Rwanda 34.7 34.5 33.0 33.0 33.0
Ecuador 34.5 34.5 33.7 33.0 33.0
St. Lucia 34.4 34.6 34.7 34.7 34.7
Malaysia 34.1 34.6 39.1 39.3 40.0
Barbados 35.0 34.7 34.6 34.6 34.7
El Salvador 34.8 34.8 38.7 38.7 38.7
United Kingdom 36.2 35.0 34.7 33.5 32.0
Paraguay 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Latvia 37.0 35.8 35.0 35.0 35.9
Guyana 35.9 35.9 32.0 32.3 32.3
Sudan 36.1 36.1 45.4 45.4 45.4
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 35.8 36.3 36.3
Peru 36.6 36.4 36.0 35.9 35.9
Uganda 36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5 36.5
Swaziland 37.6 36.8 36.7 36.9 34.7
Mozambique 37.0 37.0 36.1 36.1 36.1
Dominica 37.1 37.1 37.0 37.0 37.0
Thailand 36.9 37.2 29.2 26.7 27.5
Cabo Verde 37.9 37.2 36.5 36.5 36.5
Bhutan 37.3 37.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Fiji 38.3 37.6 31.1 31.1 31.1
Myanmar 37.6 33.7 32.4 31.4
Spain 37.9 37.9 57.1 58.2 50.0
Djibouti 38.1 38.1 37.6 37.6 37.6
Albania 38.3 38.5 31.5 31.4 36.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.7 38.7 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sao Tome and Principe 38.7 38.7 38.2 38.2 38.2
Armenia 38.8 38.8 35.9 20.1 19.9
Netherlands 39.6 39.2 39.5 39.0 41.0
Honduras 43.1 39.5 42.6 41.8 44.3
Madagascar 41.2 39.8 38.9 38.1 38.1
Syrian Arab Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 42.7 42.7
Azerbaijan 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.8 39.8
Turkey 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.3 40.9
San Marino 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.5
Poland 40.1 40.3 40.1 40.1 40.3
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.3 40.3 40.3
Panama 43.6 40.5 37.0 37.2 37.2
Finland 39.1 40.6 39.9 40.1 37.9
Norway 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.4 39.5
Guatemala 40.9 40.9 40.9 39.9 37.5
Antigua and Barbuda 41.0 41.0 40.9 41.6 41.9
Malta 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3 41.3
Uruguay 41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8 41.8
Portugal 42.8 42.0 42.3 42.4 41.0
Papua New Guinea 42.1 42.1 39.3 39.3 39.3
Burkina Faso 42.7 42.7 41.3 41.3 41.3
Lithuania 43.1 43.0 42.9 42.4 42.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44.2 43.2 40.6 44.8 45.0
Romania 43.5 43.3 43.2 43.2 42.0
Dominican Republic 41.2 43.4 43.5 43.2 42.4
Gabon 43.5 43.5 43.2 40.6 45.7
Kenya 48.9 43.7 37.4 37.1 37.1
Greece 45.9 44.1 44.0 50.7 49.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Niger 44.3 44.3 47.3 47.8 48.2
Cote d'Ivoire 50.1 44.4 52.5 51.9 51.9
Philippines 44.5 44.5 42.5 42.5 42.9
Bahamas, The 44.6 44.6 48.5 41.1 33.7
Tanzania 44.9 44.9 44.3 44.3 43.9
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.5 45.5 45.3 45.1 47.3
Guinea-Bissau 45.9 45.9 45.5 45.5 45.5
Germany 45.6 45.9 49.1 48.8 48.8
Burundi 46.5 46.5 45.2 40.3 40.3
Jamaica 46.6 46.6 46.5 41.1 35.2
Equatorial Guinea 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1 47.1
Australia 47.3 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.6
Cameroon 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Togo 48.9 48.9 48.9 50.3 48.5
Slovak Republic 50.2 49.7 49.3 51.3 51.2
Morocco 49.7 49.7 48.8 49.0 49.1
Hungary 52.0 49.8 49.3 48.0 48.4
Czech Republic 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.4 50.4
Puerto Rico 63.1 50.4 49.6 66.0 65.8
Mali 51.1 51.1 48.3 48.3 48.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.5 51.9 51.6 49.7 49.7
Sweden 52.1 52.1 52.1 49.1 49.1
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0 48.4
Austria 50.8 52.3 51.9 51.7 51.7
Sri Lanka 112.9 55.3 57.0 55.4 55.2
Ukraine 57.1 55.4 54.4 52.7 52.2
Belgium 57.7 58.2 58.0 58.4 58.4
Costa Rica 58.0 58.4 58.0 58.0 58.0
Belarus 62.3 58.5 52.0 51.8 51.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 59.0 59.9 60.0 60.5 60.5
Venezuela, RB 62.8 61.8 65.4 65.4 65.0
Tunisia 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4 59.9
Nicaragua 64.1 62.4 62.4 63.1 63.9
Congo, Rep. 63.1 64.5 55.8 55.0 56.0
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
Benin 65.2 65.2 63.3 63.3 63.3
Estonia 57.8 66.8 49.7 49.4 49.4
Central African Republic 54.6 67.4 73.3 73.3 73.3
France 65.7 67.4 67.4 68.9 62.7
Italy 67.6 67.6 65.6 65.2 64.8
Mauritania 68.2 68.2 65.6 71.3 71.3
Algeria 73.0 72.8 72.7 72.7 72.7
Palau 72.5 75.2 75.0 75.4 75.4
Chad 75.8 75.7 72.4 63.5 63.5
Colombia 76.4 76.0 76.1 77.3 69.7
Bolivia 80.0 83.4 83.7 83.7 83.7
Tajikistan 84.5 84.5 80.9 81.8 81.8
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 83.7 83.7 83.7
Guinea 91.2 91.2 68.3 68.3 68.3
Uzbekistan 97.7 98.7 93.7 42.1 41.1
Argentina 107.4 107.5 119.4 137.4 137.4
Comoros 217.9 217.9 216.5 216.5 216.5
Gambia, The 283.2 283.2 275.4 63.3 63.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 339.1 339.1 55.7 54.7 54.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Brazil 69.2 69.2 69.2
Pakistan 32.4 32.6 32.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Faroe Islands
Greenland
Guam
Indonesia 31.4 31.4 29.7
Curacao
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Russian Federation 48.7 48.9 47.0
Mexico 51.7 51.8 51.7
Monaco
Aruba
Turkmenistan
Andorra
Tuvalu
United States 43.8 43.8 43.9
China 68.7 68.5 67.8
India 60.8 60.6 60.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa
Japan 49.8 51.3 51.3
Bangladesh 32.5 32.5 31.6
French Polynesia
Nigeria 32.4 32.4 33.3
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Cuba

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