Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4
Vanuatu 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.5
Timor-Leste 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Qatar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Kuwait 10.7 10.7 12.4 12.4 12.8
Bahrain 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Lesotho 14.2 14.0 13.8 13.6 13.6
Saudi Arabia 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5 14.5
United Arab Emirates 14.1 14.1 14.9 14.8 14.8
Zambia 14.3 14.4 15.1 14.9 14.8
Brunei Darussalam 15.7 16.7 15.4 15.8 15.8
Georgia 15.3 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.3
Singapore 23.2 23.6 18.3 18.4 18.4
Samoa 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4
Luxembourg 20.0 19.8 20.0 20.4 20.2
Canada 22.0 20.6 20.1 19.8 21.0
Croatia 22.1 21.9 21.8 19.6 18.8
Namibia 22.3 21.8 21.8 21.2 20.7
Oman 21.6 22.0 22.0 23.0 23.0
Cyprus 22.3 22.0 22.2 22.5 23.2
Cambodia 22.6 22.6 22.6 21.0 21.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.0 23.0 23.0 22.6 22.8
Montenegro 28.1 23.5 23.6 22.3 22.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.2 23.6 23.6 22.2 23.3
Mongolia 24.4 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.4
Solomon Islands 26.2 26.2 25.3 32.0 32.0
Botswana 19.5 19.5 25.4 25.3 25.3
Liberia 42.5 42.5 25.4 28.6 33.3
Ireland 25.3 25.4 25.4 25.7 25.9
Seychelles 44.0 32.0 25.6 27.6 31.7
Tonga 26.2 26.2 26.2 30.1 30.1
South Sudan 26.3 29.1 29.1
Maldives 9.3 9.3 26.8 31.5 31.5
Denmark 28.1 26.4 27.0 26.3 26.0
Mauritius 27.2 27.7 27.5 24.5 24.5
Bulgaria 28.0 27.2 27.7 27.0 27.0
Chile 24.5 24.5 27.7 27.7 27.9
Iraq 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Suriname 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9 27.9
Jordan 31.2 28.1 28.5 29.0 29.0
Kazakhstan 29.4 28.6 28.6 28.5 28.6
Indonesia 28.7 28.7 28.7 31.4 31.4
Israel 31.1 30.2 29.0 29.9 30.1
Switzerland 28.8 28.9 29.1 29.0 29.0
Lebanon 30.2 30.2 30.2 29.6 29.9
Iceland 26.1 29.6 30.6 29.8 29.7
Moldova 30.4 30.8 30.8 39.7 39.7
Trinidad and Tobago 35.0 31.0 31.0 31.5 32.0
Lao PDR 31.4 31.4 31.4 26.3 25.8
Nepal 31.7 31.5 31.5 29.5 29.5
Libya 31.6 31.5 31.5
Kiribati 31.8 31.8 31.8 32.7 32.7
South Africa 30.1 31.7 32.0 28.6 28.8
Sierra Leone 235.2 32.4 32.4 31.0 31.0
Malawi 25.9 29.0 32.4 33.5 35.5
Ethiopia 30.3 30.3 32.5 31.6 31.8
Nigeria 31.6 32.1 32.5 32.7 32.7
Zimbabwe 37.0 32.5 32.7 32.4 32.8
Korea, Rep. 28.8 32.7 33.0 32.4 32.4
Belize 33.2 33.2 33.2 31.1 31.1
Serbia 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.2 38.6
Kyrgyz Republic 30.6 33.4 33.4 29.0 29.0
Ghana 32.5 33.4 33.4 33.3 33.3
Yemen, Rep. 49.3 34.5 33.6 33.3 33.3
Slovenia 34.6 33.9 33.9 32.4 32.0
New Zealand 34.7 34.4 34.0 34.4 34.4
Vietnam 32.9 40.0 34.3 40.8 40.8
Malaysia 33.7 34.0 34.5 38.9 39.2
Ecuador 35.3 34.5 34.5 33.7 33.0
St. Lucia 34.0 34.4 34.6 34.7 34.7
Barbados 35.0 34.7 34.6 34.6
El Salvador 34.8 34.8 34.8 38.7 38.7
Rwanda 35.2 35.2 35.0 33.5 33.5
United Kingdom 36.1 36.1 35.0 34.6 33.7
Paraguay 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0 35.0
Latvia 37.5 37.5 35.7 35.0 35.0
Bangladesh 35.8 35.8 35.8 32.5 32.5
Guyana 38.8 35.9 35.9 32.0 32.3
Sudan 36.1 36.1 36.1 45.4 45.4
Afghanistan 36.3 36.3 36.3 35.8 35.8
Peru 37.1 36.6 36.4 36.0 36.0
Madagascar 37.7 37.1 36.4 35.8 35.1
Swaziland 36.5 36.5 36.5 35.6 35.6
Uganda 36.6 36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5
Dominica 37.0 37.1 37.1 37.0 37.0
Cabo Verde 37.5 37.9 37.2 36.5 36.5
Thailand 36.9 36.9 37.2 29.2 26.9
Mozambique 37.5 37.5 37.5 36.6 36.6
Fiji 39.3 38.3 37.6 31.1 31.1
Spain 55.3 37.6 37.7 56.8 58.2
Djibouti 37.8 37.8 37.8 37.3 37.3
Albania 39.7 37.7 37.9 30.9 30.7
Sao Tome and Principe 39.5 38.7 38.7 38.2 38.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 38.7 38.7 38.7 38.6 38.6
Armenia 38.6 38.8 38.8 35.9 20.4
Pakistan 33.8 39.1 39.1 32.4 32.6
Netherlands 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.5 39.0
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 39.7 39.7 42.5 42.5
Poland 40.1 39.5 39.8 38.5 38.7
Honduras 44.1 43.6 40.0 43.0 43.0
Azerbaijan 40.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.8
Turkey 43.3 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.1
Haiti 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.3 40.3
Panama 43.8 43.6 40.5 37.0 37.2
Finland 40.8 39.0 40.6 39.8 40.0
Norway 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7
Bhutan 40.8 40.8 40.8 38.7 38.7
Guatemala 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 39.9
Antigua and Barbuda 41.0 41.0 41.0 40.9 41.6
Malta 41.5 41.5 41.5 41.6
Uruguay 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.8 41.8
Portugal 42.6 42.8 42.0 42.3 42.4
Papua New Guinea 42.1 42.1 42.1 39.3 39.3
San Marino 42.2 42.2 42.2
Burkina Faso 44.8 42.7 42.7 41.3 41.3
Lithuania 45.1 43.1 43.0 42.9 42.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 43.1 44.2 43.2 40.6 45.0
Romania 44.0 43.5 43.3 43.2 43.2
Dominican Republic 40.1 41.2 43.4 43.4 43.4
Gabon 43.5 43.5 43.5 43.2 40.6
Greece 46.7 45.9 44.1 44.0 49.9
Equatorial Guinea 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.0 44.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1 44.1
Kenya 49.3 49.3 44.2 38.1 38.1
Niger 46.7 44.3 44.3 47.3 47.8
Jamaica 48.7 44.3 44.3 44.2 39.3
Cote d'Ivoire 50.2 50.1 44.4 52.5 51.9
Philippines 43.8 44.5 44.5 42.5 42.5
Bahamas, The 42.9 44.6 44.6 48.5 41.1
Tanzania 44.4 44.9 44.9 44.3 44.3
Grenada 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.5 45.5 45.5 45.3 45.1
Guinea-Bissau 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.5 45.5
Germany 47.0 45.6 45.9 49.1 48.8
United States 46.5 46.4 46.4 43.8 43.8
Australia 47.5 47.3 47.2 47.2 47.3
Slovak Republic 47.4 47.6 47.2 47.0 48.6
Czech Republic 48.0 48.1 48.1 48.0 48.5
Cameroon 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8 48.8
Togo 50.3 48.9 48.9 48.9 50.3
Japan 47.7 48.3 49.2 49.8 51.3
Morocco 49.6 49.6 49.6 49.1 49.3
Hungary 54.6 52.0 49.8 49.3 48.0
Puerto Rico 63.6 63.1 50.4 49.6 66.0
Mali 51.4 51.1 51.1 48.3 48.3
Burundi 154.5 51.6 51.6 50.4 45.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.5 52.5 51.9 51.6 49.8
Sweden 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.1 49.4
Angola 52.1 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0
Austria 53.2 52.3 52.4 51.9 52.0
Mexico 50.5 52.7 52.5 51.6 51.8
Myanmar 52.7 48.9 47.7
Russian Federation 46.5 46.9 54.1 48.7 48.9
Sri Lanka 96.6 112.9 55.3 57.0 55.6
Ukraine 55.5 57.1 55.4 54.4 52.9
Belgium 56.7 57.0 57.6 57.4 57.8
Costa Rica 58.0 58.0 58.4 58.0 58.0
Belarus 80.5 62.3 58.5 52.0 52.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.7 59.0 59.9 60.0 60.5
Venezuela, RB 51.9 62.8 61.9 65.5 65.5
Tunisia 62.3 62.4 62.4 62.4 62.4
India 64.9 62.9 62.8 61.5 61.7
China 63.5 63.5 63.7 64.8 64.6
Congo, Rep. 64.5 63.1 64.5 55.8 55.2
Nicaragua 63.2 66.7 64.7 64.7 65.8
Marshall Islands 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8 64.8
Benin 65.2 65.2 65.2 63.3 63.3
France 65.8 65.7 66.5 66.6 66.6
Estonia 48.8 57.8 66.7 49.6 49.3
Central African Republic 203.8 54.6 67.4 73.3 73.3
Italy 67.7 67.7 67.7 65.8 65.4
Mauritania 68.2 68.2 68.2 65.6 71.3
Brazil 66.3 66.3 68.5 69.0 69.0
Algeria 73.0 73.0 72.8 72.7 72.7
Palau 72.5 72.5 75.2 75.0 75.4
Chad 75.8 75.8 75.7 72.4 63.5
Colombia 80.3 76.4 76.0 76.1 75.4
Bolivia 80.0 80.0 83.4 83.7 83.7
Eritrea 84.5 84.5 84.5 83.7 83.7
Tajikistan 84.0 84.5 84.5 80.9 80.9
Guinea 87.8 91.2 91.2 68.3 68.3
Uzbekistan 95.9 97.7 98.7 93.8 42.2
Argentina 107.4 107.4 107.5 119.3 137.3
Comoros 217.9 217.9 217.9 216.5 216.5
Gambia, The 292.1 283.2 283.2 275.4 63.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 339.1 339.1 339.1 55.7 54.7
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Middle East (developing only)
Macao SAR, China
Guam
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
American Samoa
Aruba
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Cuba
Bermuda
Turkmenistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands

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