Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Venezuela, RB 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8
Chad 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.2
Armenia 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.3
Algeria 2.7 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Bangladesh 2.8 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4
Trinidad and Tobago 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Guyana 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9
Bolivia 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.7
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2
Suriname 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4
Brazil 2.9 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 2.8 2.9
Tanzania 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2
Timor-Leste 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.1
Philippines 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2
Zimbabwe 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Ukraine 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.0
Burundi 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7
Nigeria 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2
Ecuador 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Nepal 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3
Mozambique 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4
Mongolia 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1
Tajikistan 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7
Cameroon 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.0
Kazakhstan 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.0
Ethiopia 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1
Kenya 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6
Cote d'Ivoire 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.4
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.5
Serbia 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4
Jamaica 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4
Uganda 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.7
Turkey 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8
Benin 3.4 4.2 3.7 3.1 3.0
Ghana 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4
Libya 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.9
Kuwait 3.5 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Albania 3.6 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.3
Vietnam 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5
Madagascar 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.5
Pakistan 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Bulgaria 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Paraguay 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0
Mexico 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0
Sri Lanka 3.7 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Indonesia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Malawi 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4
Zambia 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3
Burkina Faso 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.6
Lesotho 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7
Nicaragua 3.8 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.5
Colombia 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Peru 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2
Uruguay 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2
Barbados 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.2
Azerbaijan 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
India 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8
Costa Rica 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0
Poland 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.8
Israel 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.4
Italy 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1
Montenegro 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1
Mauritania 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.3
Honduras 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5
Macedonia, FYR 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6
Greece 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.9
Thailand 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9
Romania 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3
El Salvador 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Morocco 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3
Tunisia 4.2 4.7 4.6 3.8
Namibia 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0
Guatemala 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9
Hungary 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8
South Africa 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3
Panama 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7
Japan 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0
Spain 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.9
Botswana 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.2
Senegal 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.4
Qatar 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4
Czech Republic 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5
Korea, Rep. 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
China 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2
Georgia 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3
United States 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.8
Belgium 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.7
United Kingdom 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2
Jordan 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6
Slovak Republic 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Puerto Rico 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0
Canada 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5
France 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7
Malaysia 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0
Malta 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Lithuania 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6
Portugal 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9
Australia 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.2
Oman 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1
Germany 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9
Gambia, The 5.1 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Switzerland 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.8
Ireland 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Norway 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Netherlands 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.5
Iceland 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3
Austria 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2
Bahrain 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.9
Slovenia 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8
Estonia 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3
Finland 5.7 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1
Luxembourg 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4
Denmark 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.0 4.9
Sweden 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5
Chile 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9
New Zealand 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.9
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
St. Lucia
Curacao
Myanmar 3.3
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Fiji
Cuba
Monaco
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Bhutan 4.3
Moldova 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Equatorial Guinea
Congo, Rep.
Seychelles 4.4 4.2
Niger
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Grenada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3
Dominica
Guinea 3.3 3.4
Liberia 4.5 3.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tonga
Palau
Kosovo
Lao PDR 4.2
Papua New Guinea
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Afghanistan
Iraq
Central African Republic
Solomon Islands
Cayman Islands
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Kiribati
Greenland
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Gabon 3.6 3.6
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Swaziland 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.0
Uzbekistan
Maldives
Angola 2.8 2.7 2.2
Belize 3.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Belarus
Liechtenstein
Togo
Eritrea
Bahamas, The
Djibouti
Isle of Man
Turkmenistan
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Guinea-Bissau
Aruba
Cabo Verde 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.3
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3
Rwanda 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
Vanuatu
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Comoros
American Samoa
Lebanon 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4

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