Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Venezuela, RB 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4
Argentina 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1
Angola 2.7 2.2 1.8
Russian Federation 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.6 3.6
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.5
Algeria 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.2
Ukraine 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.3
Chad 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9
Burundi 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.0
Armenia 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Nicaragua 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.1 2.4
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bolivia 3.0 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Philippines 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.5
Brazil 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.9
Belize 3.1
Cabo Verde 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.5
Kenya 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6
Mongolia 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.7
Romania 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.7 4.0
Swaziland 3.4 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.1
Vietnam 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6
Suriname 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Madagascar 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.4 3.9 4.3 3.3
Nepal 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3
Bangladesh 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.2
Guyana 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.6
Ethiopia 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.2
Nigeria 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.8
Ecuador 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.9
Moldova 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.7
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.3
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Bulgaria 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1 3.8
Tajikistan 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.9
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2
Pakistan 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.4
Ghana 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6
Serbia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.5
Mozambique 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Lesotho 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.4
Benin 3.7 3.1 3.0 3.3
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8
Jamaica 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
Cambodia 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.1 3.1
Malawi 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.8
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0
India 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.3
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 4.1
Costa Rica 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Paraguay 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.8
El Salvador 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.9 3.5
Thailand 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.7
Indonesia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9
Cameroon 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.4
Burkina Faso 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6
Italy 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Honduras 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5
Greece 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1
Colombia 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mauritania 4.1 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Namibia 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.1
Mali 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.2 3.2
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.5
Zambia 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.8
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.6
Mexico 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Croatia 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.6
Uruguay 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.4
Guatemala 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.5
Macedonia, FYR 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6
South Africa 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.9
Panama 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.1
Albania 4.2 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5
Slovak Republic 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.3 4.5 4.7
United States 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.9
Jordan 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.5
China 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2
Korea, Rep. 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Morocco 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2
Sri Lanka 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.2
Peru 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8
Poland 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Uganda 4.4 4.2 3.7 3.8 4.0
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3
Czech Republic 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6
Lithuania 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5
Montenegro 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0
Spain 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6
Hungary 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.7
Tunisia 4.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Puerto Rico 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Belgium 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.0
Barbados 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Portugal 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0
Senegal 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.3 4.1
Botswana 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Germany 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7
Israel 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
Japan 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0
Qatar 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.4
Cyprus 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Georgia 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.5
United Kingdom 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4
Canada 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0
Malta 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
France 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8
Oman 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.4
Slovenia 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9
Austria 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1
Malaysia 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2
Saudi Arabia 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.4
Australia 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Switzerland 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2
Netherlands 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.5
Norway 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Iceland 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.1
Gambia, The 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5
Estonia 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Ireland 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7
Rwanda 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3
Luxembourg 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.6
Bahrain 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.9
Chile 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9
United Arab Emirates 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.0
Denmark 5.7 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.1
Sweden 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3
New Zealand 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Finland 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Singapore 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Somalia
Bhutan 4.3 4.5 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Monaco
Turkmenistan
Guam
Lao PDR 4.2 4.1 4.0
Palau
Guinea-Bissau
Grenada
Tonga
Papua New Guinea
Antigua and Barbuda
Greenland
South Sudan
Iraq
St. Lucia
Belarus
Bahamas, The
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Afghanistan
Gabon 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Djibouti
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3
Faroe Islands
American Samoa
Central African Republic
West Bank and Gaza
St. Kitts and Nevis
Congo, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Liberia 4.5 3.9 3.6
Sudan
Maldives
Eritrea
Kiribati
Macao SAR, China
Niger
Equatorial Guinea
Seychelles 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.8
Dominica
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.2
Togo
Libya 3.3 2.9 2.6
Aruba
Cuba
Bermuda
Vanuatu
Turks and Caicos Islands
Myanmar 3.3 3.2 3.0
Liechtenstein
Solomon Islands
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Fiji
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Andorra
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Congo, Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Comoros

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