Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Venezuela, RB 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1
Angola 2.8 2.7 2.2
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2
Algeria 2.7 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Ukraine 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.0
Chad 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 2.8 2.9
Burundi 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3
Armenia 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3
Nicaragua 3.8 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Bolivia 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.7
Philippines 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2
Brazil 2.9 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Belize 3.1
Cabo Verde 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.3
Kenya 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6
Mongolia 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1
Romania 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3
Swaziland 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.0
Timor-Leste 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.1
Vietnam 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5
Suriname 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4
Madagascar 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Nepal 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3
Bangladesh 2.8 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4
Guyana 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9
Ethiopia 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1
Nigeria 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2
Ecuador 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Moldova 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Kazakhstan 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Lebanon 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bulgaria 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Azerbaijan 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Pakistan 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Tajikistan 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7
Tanzania 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2
Ghana 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4
Jamaica 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.5
Serbia 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4
Lesotho 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7
Mozambique 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4
Benin 3.4 4.2 3.7 3.1 3.0
Turkey 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8
Zimbabwe 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Malawi 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4
India 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8
Cote d'Ivoire 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.4
Indonesia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Thailand 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9
Paraguay 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0
Costa Rica 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0
El Salvador 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4
Cameroon 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.0
Greece 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.9
Honduras 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5
Italy 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1
Colombia 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Burkina Faso 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.6
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Mauritania 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.8
Kuwait 3.5 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.7
Zambia 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2
Namibia 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0
Mexico 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0
Uruguay 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2
Albania 3.6 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.3
South Africa 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3
Panama 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7
Macedonia, FYR 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6
Guatemala 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9
United States 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.7
Slovak Republic 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
Peru 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1
Jordan 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6
Sri Lanka 3.7 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1
Poland 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2
Morocco 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3
Korea, Rep. 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Uganda 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.7
China 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2
Czech Republic 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.4
Lithuania 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6
Montenegro 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1
Spain 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.9
Hungary 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8
Belgium 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Puerto Rico 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0
Tunisia 4.2 4.7 4.6 3.8
Barbados 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.2
Germany 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9
Senegal 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7
Israel 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.4
Botswana 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.2
Portugal 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9
Japan 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0
Qatar 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4
Canada 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Georgia 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3
France 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7
United Kingdom 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.8
Malta 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Oman 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5
Austria 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2
Malaysia 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0
Slovenia 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8
Australia 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.2
Switzerland 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1
Netherlands 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.5
Norway 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Ireland 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Iceland 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3
Estonia 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3
Gambia, The 5.1 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Rwanda 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.4
Chile 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9
Bahrain 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.9
Luxembourg 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9
Denmark 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.0 4.9
New Zealand 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.9
Sweden 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5
Finland 5.7 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
New Caledonia
Monaco
Isle of Man
Afghanistan
Sudan
Niger
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Fiji
Guinea 3.3 3.4
Papua New Guinea
Aruba
Faeroe Islands
Myanmar 3.3
Central African Republic
Iraq
Belarus
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Dominica
Kosovo
Djibouti
Greenland
Togo
Marshall Islands
Liberia 4.5 3.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Bhutan 4.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Congo, Dem. Rep.
St. Lucia
Libya 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Grenada
Bahamas, The
Kiribati
Lao PDR 4.2
Eritrea
Guinea-Bissau
Seychelles 4.4 4.2
Bermuda
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3
Macao SAR, China
Cuba
Tonga
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.6 3.6
Turkmenistan
Maldives
Tuvalu
Solomon Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Congo, Rep.
Equatorial Guinea
Vanuatu
Samoa
American Samoa
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
Sao Tome and Principe
Comoros
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

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