Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Venezuela, RB 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.7
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.8 2.7 2.2 1.8
Argentina 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.0
Chad 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.1
Russian Federation 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4
Ukraine 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.3
Algeria 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.8
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.9
Burundi 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.0
Armenia 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.4
Nicaragua 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Philippines 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.5
Bolivia 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.7 3.8
Brazil 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.7
Belize 3.1
Cabo Verde 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2
Romania 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.7
Mongolia 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.3
Kenya 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6
Madagascar 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.4
Nepal 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Swaziland 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.0 3.5
Vietnam 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.1
Suriname 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Bangladesh 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5
Azerbaijan 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2
Lebanon 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.1
Ethiopia 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3
Ecuador 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Moldova 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.7
Nigeria 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.0
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.9
Guyana 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.7
Bulgaria 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Ghana 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4
Tanzania 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.2
Pakistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7
Tajikistan 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6
Turkey 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8
Serbia 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6
Mozambique 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5
Jamaica 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6
Lesotho 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.4
Benin 4.2 3.7 3.1 3.0
Cambodia 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.1
Malawi 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.8
Zimbabwe 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.0
India 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9
Thailand 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9
Paraguay 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1
Cote d'Ivoire 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3
Indonesia 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0
El Salvador 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.9
Costa Rica 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9
Greece 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.2
Colombia 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6
Italy 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0
Burkina Faso 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6
Cameroon 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6
Honduras 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8
Croatia 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.6
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.5
Mexico 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Mali 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.2
Zambia 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2
Mauritania 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.3 3.0
Namibia 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.1
Macedonia, FYR 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7
Uruguay 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.5
South Africa 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1
Albania 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.3 3.4
Panama 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.4
Guatemala 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.7
Slovak Republic 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5
United States 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.8
Brunei Darussalam 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.7
Jordan 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5
Dominican Republic 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4
Poland 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3
Morocco 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.3
China 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3
Korea, Rep. 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Peru 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.0
Czech Republic 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0
Uganda 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.7 3.8
Montenegro 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1
Spain 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.8
Hungary 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8
Lithuania 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6
Tunisia 4.7 4.6 3.8 3.4
Puerto Rico 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1
Barbados 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7
Belgium 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.2
Germany 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7
Senegal 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.3
Portugal 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Japan 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.1
Botswana 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.2
Israel 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.4
Qatar 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.4
United Kingdom 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3
Malta 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Canada 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9
Georgia 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.6
France 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.7
Cyprus 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9
Saudi Arabia 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.3
Oman 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8
Malaysia 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.2
Slovenia 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9
Austria 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2
Australia 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2
Switzerland 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2
Ireland 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5
Norway 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2
Iceland 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.3
Netherlands 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6
Estonia 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3
Gambia, The 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6
Rwanda 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2
Chile 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.0
Bahrain 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.7
Luxembourg 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5
United Arab Emirates 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0
Denmark 5.6 5.7 5.0 4.9 5.2
Sweden 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2
New Zealand 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.9
Finland 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1
Singapore 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1
French Polynesia
Bahamas, The
Monaco
Sudan
Iraq
Turkmenistan
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Central African Republic
Marshall Islands
Papua New Guinea
Tonga
Northern Mariana Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Guinea-Bissau
Libya 3.5 3.3 2.9 2.6
Guinea 3.3 3.4 3.3
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Belarus
Grenada
Taiwan, China
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Cuba
Maldives
Bhutan 4.3 4.5
Tuvalu
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Lao PDR 4.2 4.1
South Sudan
Samoa
New Caledonia
San Marino
St. Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Fiji
Afghanistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Niger
Faeroe Islands
Seychelles 4.4 4.2 3.8
Congo, Rep.
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3 3.4
Curacao
Equatorial Guinea
Togo
Dominica
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Vanuatu
Aruba
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Eritrea
Isle of Man
Comoros
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Gabon 3.6 3.6 3.5
Uzbekistan
Liberia 4.5 3.9
Andorra
Solomon Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Djibouti
Somalia
Myanmar 3.3 3.2

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