Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Venezuela, RB 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9
Argentina 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4
Algeria 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.2
Burundi 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.9
Ukraine 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.3
Chad 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.4
Russian Federation 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.6 3.6
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.2
Swaziland 3.4 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.5
Romania 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.7 4.0
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Nicaragua 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.1 2.4
Benin 3.7 3.1 3.0 3.3
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.0
Brazil 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.9
Philippines 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.5
Armenia 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Ethiopia 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.2
Bangladesh 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.2
Libya 3.3 2.9 2.6
Guinea 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3
Madagascar 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.0
Bolivia 3.0 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Mongolia 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.7
Malawi 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.8 3.8
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.1
Suriname 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0
Ghana 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6
Kenya 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6
Lesotho 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.4
Vietnam 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2
Lebanon 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0
Azerbaijan 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
Cabo Verde 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.5
Nepal 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.3
Moldova 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.7
El Salvador 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.9 3.5
Jamaica 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
Serbia 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.5
Mozambique 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5
Ecuador 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.9
Gabon 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5
Turkey 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.3
Guyana 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.6
Bulgaria 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1 3.8
Nigeria 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Honduras 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5
Kuwait 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.5
Tajikistan 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.9
Pakistan 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.4
Albania 4.2 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5
India 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.3
Burkina Faso 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6
Thailand 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.7
Greece 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1
Colombia 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Namibia 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.1
Guatemala 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.5
Cambodia 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.1 3.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.4 3.9 4.3 3.3
Cote d'Ivoire 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 4.1
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.2
Croatia 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.6
Mauritania 4.1 4.0 3.3 3.0 3.1
Indonesia 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9
Mexico 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Peru 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.6
Italy 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Paraguay 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.8
Costa Rica 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8
Mali 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.2 3.2
Uruguay 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.4
China 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2
Uganda 4.4 4.2 3.7 3.8 4.0
Cameroon 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.4
South Africa 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.9
Slovak Republic 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.5
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3
Sri Lanka 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.2
Poland 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Zambia 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.8
Montenegro 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0
Botswana 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Korea, Rep. 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Panama 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.1
Czech Republic 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6
Macedonia, FYR 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.6
Barbados 4.6 4.4 4.2 4.0
Seychelles 4.4 4.2 3.8 3.8
Israel 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.3
United States 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.9
Jordan 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.3 4.5 4.7
Liberia 4.5 3.9 3.6
Lithuania 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.5
Morocco 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
France 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.8
Spain 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6
Hungary 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.7
Cyprus 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Portugal 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0
Puerto Rico 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1
Saudi Arabia 5.0 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.4
Japan 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0
Canada 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0
Senegal 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.3 4.1
Germany 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7
Malta 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5
Slovenia 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9
Belgium 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.0
Oman 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.4
Gambia, The 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5
Denmark 5.7 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.1
Switzerland 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2
Chile 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9
Norway 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Malaysia 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2
United Kingdom 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4
Qatar 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.4
Austria 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1
Iceland 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.1
Georgia 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.5
Estonia 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3
Bahrain 5.5 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.9
Ireland 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7
Australia 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2
Netherlands 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.5
Sweden 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3
Luxembourg 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.6
Rwanda 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3
United Arab Emirates 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.0
New Zealand 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Finland 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2
Singapore 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.2
Andorra
Palau
Tonga
Dominica
Myanmar 3.3 3.2 3.0
Papua New Guinea
Antigua and Barbuda
Liechtenstein
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
Lao PDR 4.2 4.1 4.0
Turkmenistan
Equatorial Guinea
Grenada
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
St. Lucia
Kiribati
Bahamas, The
Bhutan 4.3 4.5 4.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9
Belarus
Djibouti
Eritrea
Tunisia 4.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Samoa
Central African Republic
San Marino
Vanuatu
Sao Tome and Principe
Macao SAR, China
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Sudan
Congo, Rep.
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Niger
Maldives
Belize 3.1
Comoros
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Greenland
Togo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
Faroe Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Solomon Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Bermuda
Fiji
Monaco
South Sudan
Guam
New Caledonia
Uzbekistan
Curacao
Angola 2.7 2.2 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Iraq
Cayman Islands

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