Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Venezuela, RB 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.8
Argentina 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1
Chad 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.2
Angola 2.8 2.7 2.2
Haiti 2.5 2.4 2.3
Algeria 2.7 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Burundi 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7
Libya 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.9
Brazil 2.9 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Swaziland 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.0
Benin 3.4 4.2 3.7 3.1 3.0
Ukraine 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8 3.0
Zimbabwe 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Ethiopia 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.1
Mongolia 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1
Timor-Leste 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.1
Nigeria 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2
Tanzania 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2
Kyrgyz Republic 2.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.2
Sierra Leone 3.0 3.3
Mauritania 4.0 4.5 4.1 4.0 3.3
Cabo Verde 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.3
Armenia 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.3
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.3
Nepal 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.3
Romania 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.0 3.3
Albania 3.6 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.3
Myanmar 3.3
Azerbaijan 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Ghana 3.4 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.4
El Salvador 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.4
Guinea 3.3 3.4
Moldova 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4
Cote d'Ivoire 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.4
Serbia 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.4
Mozambique 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.4
Suriname 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4
Malawi 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.4
Jamaica 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.4
Lebanon 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Bangladesh 2.8 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4
Nicaragua 3.8 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.5
Madagascar 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.3 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Honduras 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5
Cambodia 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.5
Vietnam 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5
Gabon 3.6 3.6
Kenya 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.6
Burkina Faso 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.6
Colombia 3.8 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7
Pakistan 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Bolivia 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.7
Uganda 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.2 3.7
Kuwait 3.5 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.7
Lesotho 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7
India 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.8
Turkey 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8
Tunisia 4.2 4.7 4.6 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.8
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Guatemala 4.2 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9
Guyana 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.9
Liberia 4.5 3.9
Greece 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.9
Thailand 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9
Bulgaria 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Ecuador 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Namibia 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0
Indonesia 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Mexico 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kazakhstan 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.0
Cameroon 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.0
Paraguay 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.0
Costa Rica 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0
Sri Lanka 3.7 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.1
Peru 3.8 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1
Italy 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1
Montenegro 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.3 4.1
Uruguay 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2
China 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2
Lao PDR 4.2
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2
Seychelles 4.4 4.2
Poland 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.2
Botswana 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.2
Barbados 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.2
Latvia 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
Morocco 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3
Zambia 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.3
Slovak Republic 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3
South Africa 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3
Bhutan 4.3
Korea, Rep. 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4
Israel 4.0 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.4
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.4
Czech Republic 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.5
Saudi Arabia 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.5
Lithuania 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6
Macedonia, FYR 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.6
Jordan 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6
Mauritius 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.7
Panama 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.7
France 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7
Senegal 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7
Gambia, The 5.1 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
United States 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.8
Hungary 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8
Canada 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8
Malta 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.8
Slovenia 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8
Chile 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9
Portugal 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9
Spain 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.9
Bahrain 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.9
Denmark 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.0 4.9
Germany 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9
Puerto Rico 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.0
Japan 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0
Malaysia 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.0
Switzerland 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1
Oman 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1
Norway 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Belgium 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.9 5.1
Austria 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2
Australia 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.2
United Kingdom 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.2
Georgia 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3
Iceland 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3
Estonia 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.3
Rwanda 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.4
Qatar 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.1 5.4
Ireland 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Luxembourg 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4
Sweden 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5
Netherlands 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.5
New Zealand 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.9
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1
Finland 5.7 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1
Singapore 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Papua New Guinea
Cuba
Macao SAR, China
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 2.8 2.9
Palau
Congo, Rep.
Bermuda
Kosovo
Central African Republic
Fiji
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Faeroe Islands
Vanuatu
Comoros
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Belize 3.1
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
Bahamas, The
Niger
Tonga
Samoa
Turkmenistan
San Marino
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Equatorial Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Belarus
Sudan
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guinea-Bissau
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Tajikistan 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7
Isle of Man
Curacao
Eritrea
Togo
Afghanistan
Iraq
Solomon Islands
Grenada
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Maldives
Congo, Dem. Rep.
South Sudan
Dominica
New Caledonia
Kiribati
Guam
Uzbekistan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Lucia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Monaco
American Samoa

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