Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Kyrgyz Republic 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0
Haiti 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.5 2.6
Tajikistan 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.1
Costa Rica 2.3 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.1
Angola 2.3 2.9 2.7
Venezuela, RB 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Timor-Leste 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.2
Nepal 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.2 1.6
Serbia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Armenia 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.1
Nicaragua 2.7 3.2 3.5 3.2 2.8
Chad 2.7 2.8 2.5 1.8 1.4
Brazil 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Mongolia 2.8 3.0 2.6 1.7 1.4
Romania 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.4
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.6
Moldova 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.2
Philippines 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.2
Algeria 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.0
Burundi 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bolivia 3.1 3.3 2.5 2.0 2.1
Rwanda 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.3
Nigeria 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Madagascar 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.2
Mauritania 3.3 3.7 2.9 2.4 2.7
Tanzania 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.4
Belize 3.3
Lesotho 3.4 3.4 2.9 2.7 2.7
Colombia 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.6
Paraguay 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Mozambique 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.6
Poland 3.4 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.0
Bangladesh 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.6
Vietnam 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.9
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4
Cameroon 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Peru 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6
Indonesia 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.8
Malawi 3.6 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.2
Kazakhstan 3.6 3.4 2.7 2.7 2.9
Guyana 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Argentina 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Montenegro 3.7 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.2
Ukraine 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.3 3.2
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.4 2.8 2.5
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.1 2.5
Burkina Faso 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.1
Russian Federation 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.9
Bulgaria 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.2 3.9
Kenya 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.2
Cabo Verde 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7
Ecuador 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.8
El Salvador 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.7 4.0
Ethiopia 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.6 3.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.0
Botswana 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.0 2.7
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.2
Benin 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.4
India 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.2
Albania 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.7 4.2
Italy 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9
Hungary 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Croatia 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.5
Mexico 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Zambia 4.0 4.1 3.5 2.7 2.2
Cambodia 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.7
Azerbaijan 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.3
Pakistan 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.1
Greece 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.6
Macedonia, FYR 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.4 3.6
Swaziland 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.0 3.4
Kuwait 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.0
Georgia 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.0
Turkey 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5
Ghana 4.2 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.5
Israel 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0
Jordan 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.0
Lebanon 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.9
Guatemala 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.5 4.7
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.2
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Suriname 4.5 5.0 4.9 4.4
China 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5
Senegal 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.4 4.1
Morocco 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8
Tunisia 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.6
Latvia 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.2
Czech Republic 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.0 3.6
Thailand 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5
Mauritius 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.7
South Africa 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9
Austria 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.0
Cote d'Ivoire 4.9 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.2
Lithuania 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Portugal 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.3
Sri Lanka 4.9 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.3
Gambia, The 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.1
Honduras 5.1 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.6
Australia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Uruguay 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.4
Luxembourg 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.7
Chile 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9
Ireland 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3
Switzerland 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.6
Slovenia 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0
Japan 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Puerto Rico 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4
Jamaica 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.7
Oman 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.2 4.9
Qatar 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.6
Saudi Arabia 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8
New Zealand 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5
Norway 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5
Korea, Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2
Namibia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
United States 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7
United Kingdom 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7
Estonia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
France 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3
Malta 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.2
Barbados 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3
Malaysia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.6
Spain 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Canada 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5
Sweden 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.6
Bahrain 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.4
Germany 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Denmark 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8
Iceland 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.9 6.0
United Arab Emirates 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5
Finland 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
Panama 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Belgium 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.4
Netherlands 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Singapore 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Gabon 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2
Myanmar 2.6 2.6 2.6
Lao PDR 2.6 2.6 2.2
Palau
Guinea 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.9
Djibouti
St. Lucia
Monaco
Bermuda
Congo, Rep.
Grenada
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Comoros
Afghanistan
Dominica
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Equatorial Guinea
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Tonga
Eritrea
New Caledonia
Central African Republic
Cuba
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Samoa
Curacao
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Maldives
Sudan
Faroe Islands
Bhutan 2.2 2.1 1.8
Fiji
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Seychelles 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0
Niger
Sierra Leone 3.3 3.6 3.4 2.8
Kiribati
Turkmenistan
Togo
Tuvalu
Greenland
Iraq
Bahamas, The
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Guam
Uzbekistan
Guinea-Bissau
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Vanuatu
Libya 3.5 3.0 2.6
Antigua and Barbuda
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Liberia 4.1 3.4 3.6
American Samoa
Papua New Guinea

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