Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Kyrgyz Republic 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0
Tajikistan 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.1
Haiti 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.5 2.6
Costa Rica 2.3 2.4 2.9 3.0 3.1
Venezuela, RB 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Gabon 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2
Brazil 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Burundi 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8
Romania 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.4 3.4
Nepal 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.2 1.6
Timor-Leste 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.2
Serbia 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Algeria 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.0
Chad 2.7 2.8 2.5 1.8 1.4
Armenia 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.1
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.6
Moldova 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.2
Mongolia 2.8 3.0 2.6 1.7 1.4
Madagascar 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.2
Colombia 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.7 3.6
Nicaragua 2.7 3.2 3.5 3.2 2.8
Guyana 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Tanzania 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.4
Bolivia 3.1 3.3 2.5 2.0 2.1
Sierra Leone 3.3 3.6 3.4 2.8
Philippines 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.2
Bangladesh 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.6
Mozambique 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.6
Vietnam 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.9
Lesotho 3.4 3.4 2.9 2.7 2.7
Kazakhstan 3.6 3.4 2.7 2.7 2.9
Peru 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6
Guinea 3.5 3.2 2.9 2.9
Rwanda 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.3
Ethiopia 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.6 3.2
Libya 3.5 3.0 2.6
Poland 3.4 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.0
Indonesia 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.8
Montenegro 3.7 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.2
Paraguay 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.1
Burkina Faso 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.1
Nigeria 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Argentina 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Malawi 3.6 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.2
Botswana 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.0 2.7
Benin 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.4
Russian Federation 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.9
Mauritania 3.3 3.7 2.9 2.4 2.7
Albania 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.7 4.2
Cameroon 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.3
Bulgaria 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.2 3.9
Uganda 3.7 3.8 3.4 2.8 2.5
Kenya 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.0
Italy 3.9 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.3
Israel 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.0
El Salvador 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.7 4.0
Ecuador 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.8
Cabo Verde 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7
India 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.0 4.2
Ukraine 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.3 3.2
Hungary 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.4
Guatemala 4.3 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9
Croatia 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.5
Ghana 4.2 4.0 4.2 3.7 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.2
Azerbaijan 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.3
Kuwait 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.0
Zambia 4.0 4.1 3.5 2.7 2.2
Mali 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.1 2.5
Liberia 4.1 3.4 3.6
Lebanon 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.9
Cambodia 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.6 3.7
Macedonia, FYR 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.4 3.6
Swaziland 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.0 3.4
Greece 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.6
Mexico 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.3
Georgia 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.0
Zimbabwe 4.4 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.2
China 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.5
Turkey 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5
Jordan 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.0
Pakistan 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 4.5 4.7
Senegal 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.4 4.1
Cote d'Ivoire 4.9 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.2
Czech Republic 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.0 3.6
Thailand 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5
Honduras 5.1 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.6
South Africa 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.9
Dominican Republic 4.4 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5
Latvia 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.2
Morocco 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8
Mauritius 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.7
Gambia, The 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.1
Sri Lanka 4.9 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.3
Uruguay 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7
Austria 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.0
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.4
Portugal 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.3
Seychelles 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0
Suriname 4.5 5.0 4.9 4.4
Jamaica 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.7
Australia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0
Puerto Rico 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4
Chile 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9
Slovenia 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0
Qatar 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.6
Lithuania 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Japan 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4
Switzerland 5.2 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.6
Ireland 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.3
Saudi Arabia 5.4 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8
Namibia 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.2
Oman 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.2 4.9
Norway 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5
France 5.6 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3
Korea, Rep. 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2
Malaysia 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.6
New Zealand 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.5
Luxembourg 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.7
Barbados 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3
United States 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7
Estonia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Canada 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5
Malta 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.2
Spain 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Denmark 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8
United Kingdom 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7
Sweden 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.6
Germany 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.6
Bahrain 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.4
Iceland 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.9 6.0
Belgium 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.3
Finland 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.4
United Arab Emirates 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5
Panama 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.4
Netherlands 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Singapore 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.7
Liechtenstein
Palau
Tonga
Angola 2.3 2.9 2.7
Dominica
West Bank and Gaza
Iraq
American Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
French Polynesia
Equatorial Guinea
New Caledonia
Aruba
Comoros
Northern Mariana Islands
Myanmar 2.6 2.6 2.6
St. Lucia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Djibouti
Congo, Rep.
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4
Monaco
Bahamas, The
Bhutan 2.2 2.1 1.8
Guam
Bermuda
Fiji
Samoa
Vanuatu
San Marino
Macao SAR, China
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Kitts and Nevis
Cuba
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sudan
Belize 3.3
Guinea-Bissau
Niger
Afghanistan
Curacao
Lao PDR 2.6 2.6 2.2
Tunisia 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.6
Eritrea
Turkmenistan
Togo
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Belarus
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Kiribati
Solomon Islands
Faroe Islands
Somalia
Isle of Man
Maldives
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
Antigua and Barbuda
Papua New Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Central African Republic
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Grenada

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