Country name 2010 2012 2014
Somalia 1.17 1.75
Eritrea 1.55 1.83 2.01
Guinea-Bissau 1.71 2.58 2.29
Sierra Leone 1.73 2.14
Iraq 1.96 1.86 2.31
Fiji 1.96 2.48 2.47
Rwanda 1.99 2.39 2.94
Sudan 2.02 1.89 2.42
Cuba 2.03 2.26 1.99
Solomon Islands 2.03 2.39 2.72
Namibia 2.04 2.85 2.56
Oman 2.04 2.59 2.84
Libya 2.08 2.38 2.85
Sri Lanka 2.23 2.65 2.76
Tajikistan 2.25 2.13 2.47
Algeria 2.26 2.46 2.54
Nepal 2.26 1.95 2.72
Armenia 2.26 2.57 2.50
Gambia, The 2.27 2.80 2.00
Mozambique 2.28 2.08
Guyana 2.28 2.14 2.47
Mali 2.31 2.70
Jordan 2.33 2.55 2.67
Congo, Rep. 2.33 2.35 2.17
Kyrgyz Republic 2.33 2.31 2.20
Zambia 2.35 2.47
Myanmar 2.36 2.34 2.36
Afghanistan 2.37 2.10 1.85
Bolivia 2.38 2.73 2.68
Turkmenistan 2.38 2.32
Liberia 2.38 2.42 2.57
Albania 2.39 2.65
Mongolia 2.42 2.29 2.13
Djibouti 2.42 1.73 2.00
Maldives 2.42 2.43 2.70
Papua New Guinea 2.43 2.51 2.27
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.43 2.35 2.10
Haiti 2.43 2.15 2.32
Montenegro 2.44 2.62 2.76
Niger 2.45 2.49 2.36
Uganda 2.45
Nigeria 2.45 2.35 3.16
Lao PDR 2.45 2.49 2.20
Ukraine 2.49 3.15 3.20
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.50 2.49
Cambodia 2.50 2.77 2.92
Ghana 2.51 2.31 2.90
Nicaragua 2.51 2.58
Madagascar 2.51 2.80 2.29
Bhutan 2.54 2.56 2.28
Angola 2.54 2.00 2.59
Malta 2.56 3.05 3.15
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.56 2.86 3.23
Tunisia 2.56 3.25 2.42
Tanzania 2.56 2.77 2.11
Mauritius 2.57 2.83 2.34
Botswana 2.59 2.73 2.40
Russian Federation 2.60 2.76 2.85
Cameroon 2.60 2.55 2.52
Chad 2.62 1.57 2.71
Yemen, Rep. 2.63 3.12 2.21
Syrian Arab Republic 2.63 2.35 1.90
Pakistan 2.64 2.61 2.73
Bangladesh 2.64 2.45
Azerbaijan 2.65 2.75 2.14
Serbia 2.67 3.07 2.94
Georgia 2.67 2.59 2.59
Gabon 2.67 2.20 1.92
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.68 2.81 2.55
El Salvador 2.68 2.60 3.00
Kazakhstan 2.70 2.83 2.83
Guatemala 2.71 2.80 2.68
Paraguay 2.72 2.59 2.89
Colombia 2.75 2.66 2.55
Burkina Faso 2.77 2.13 2.49
Indonesia 2.77 3.12 3.11
Uruguay 2.78 2.98 2.89
Comoros 2.79 2.20 2.37
Bahamas, The 2.81 2.65 2.64
Macedonia, FYR 2.82 2.41 2.46
Croatia 2.82 3.20 3.11
Honduras 2.83 2.35 2.61
Ecuador 2.84 2.58 2.67
Venezuela, RB 2.84 2.57 2.92
Hungary 2.87 3.52 3.82
Kenya 2.89 2.34 3.03
Peru 2.89 2.99 2.81
Ethiopia 2.89 2.10 2.67
Guinea 2.89 2.33 2.41
Romania 2.90 3.10 3.39
Estonia 2.95 3.00 3.20
Cote d'Ivoire 2.95 2.69 2.97
Uzbekistan 2.96 2.53 2.87
Bulgaria 2.96 3.16 2.88
Moldova 3.00 2.44 2.35
Benin 3.07 2.87 2.45
Jamaica 3.07 2.43 2.72
Senegal 3.08 2.10 2.65
Qatar 3.09 3.50 3.47
Turkey 3.09 3.54 3.77
Vietnam 3.10 3.16 3.19
Costa Rica 3.13 2.81 2.83
Iceland 3.14 3.39 3.38
India 3.14 3.09 3.11
Argentina 3.15 3.30 3.15
Slovenia 3.16 3.20 3.51
Lebanon 3.16 2.61 3.22
Dominican Republic 3.17 2.49 2.91
Panama 3.26 3.01 3.34
Lithuania 3.27 2.73 3.17
Mexico 3.28 3.15 3.14
Philippines 3.29 3.30 3.00
Greece 3.31 2.98 3.03
Malaysia 3.32 3.54 3.58
Saudi Arabia 3.32 3.21 3.15
Chile 3.33 3.22 3.30
Portugal 3.38 3.60 3.71
Israel 3.39 3.20
Thailand 3.41 3.18 3.45
Togo 3.42 2.46 2.49
Brazil 3.42 3.42 3.03
Kuwait 3.44 2.98 3.16
Poland 3.45 3.32 3.54
Cyprus 3.51 3.36 3.00
Slovak Republic 3.54 2.84 3.02
China 3.55 3.52 3.50
Latvia 3.55 2.97 3.50
United Arab Emirates 3.58 3.81 3.57
Czech Republic 3.60 3.17 3.56
Bahrain 3.63 3.42 3.29
New Zealand 3.67 3.58 3.33
South Africa 3.73 3.83 3.30
Italy 3.83 3.73 3.84
Korea, Rep. 3.83 3.68 3.69
Austria 3.83 3.97 3.93
Australia 3.87 3.79 3.81
Luxembourg 3.92 3.91 3.68
Hong Kong SAR, China 3.94 4.09 3.87
Denmark 3.94 4.10 3.36
Spain 3.96 3.67 3.54
France 4.01 3.97 3.89
Canada 4.01 3.86 3.97
Ireland 4.02 3.65 4.13
Finland 4.09 4.14 3.31
Norway 4.10 3.67 3.50
Netherlands 4.12 4.12 4.07
United Kingdom 4.13 4.00 4.08
Japan 4.13 4.03 3.95
Singapore 4.15 4.07 3.90
United States 4.17 4.11 4.14
Germany 4.18 4.05 4.17
Belgium 4.22 4.05 4.11
Sweden 4.22 3.82 3.98
Switzerland 4.27 3.83 3.79
Middle East (developing only)
Faeroe Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Palau
Barbados
West Bank and Gaza
Suriname
American Samoa
Equatorial Guinea 2.53
Lesotho 1.99 2.35
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe 2.78 3.13
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Macao SAR, China
Dominica
Curacao
Trinidad and Tobago
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Seychelles
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Vanuatu
Puerto Rico
Kiribati
Malawi 2.56 2.63
Burundi 1.67 2.51
Guam
Swaziland
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Brunei Darussalam
Marshall Islands
Bermuda
Central African Republic 2.31
Timor-Leste
Cayman Islands
Tonga
New Caledonia
Belize
Greenland
Belarus 2.58 2.51
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Grenada
Morocco 3.01
Mauritania 2.28 2.23
Monaco
Cabo Verde
St. Kitts and Nevis
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Lucia
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Samoa
Andorra
San Marino
Zimbabwe 2.50 2.22

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