Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Mauritius 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Ghana 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Nigeria 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.9
Jamaica 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6
Somalia 0.8
Luxembourg 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Dominican Republic 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8
Japan 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Indonesia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Ireland 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Malta 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Sierra Leone 1.0 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.0
Gambia, The 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3
Guyana 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0
Nepal 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1
Belize 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Austria 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Bangladesh 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3
Cote d'Ivoire 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Ecuador 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5
Cameroon 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Swaziland 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1
Malawi 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.3
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.8
Algeria 1.5 1.5 1.2 2.2 2.6
Guatemala 1.5 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.1
Switzerland 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Paraguay 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.5
Rwanda 1.7 3.7 5.5 4.4 4.5
Colombia 1.7 2.2 2.2 2.5 3.0
Argentina 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Sri Lanka 1.8 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.4
Poland 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.3
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5
Benin 1.9 1.7
Canada 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Spain 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
Senegal 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1
Denmark 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Guinea-Bissau 2.1
Panama 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Burkina Faso 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.6
Bolivia 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.9
Italy 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Philippines 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2
Australia 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Mali 2.3 2.2 1.7
Tunisia 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Belgium 2.4 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7
Sweden 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
Portugal 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Fiji 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0
Germany 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.5 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.7
Tanzania 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.1 1.1
Brazil 2.6 6.1 2.0 1.5 1.9
China 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.1
Thailand 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4
Malaysia 2.6 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.9
Netherlands 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.2
Norway 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7
Hungary 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.1
Togo 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 4.1
Kenya 3.2 3.0 2.1 2.0 2.1
Turkey 3.2 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9
Greece 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.2
Burundi 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.9
Mozambique 3.4 3.4 2.6 3.0 2.9
Chile 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.7
Myanmar 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.9
Botswana 3.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.7
India 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.0
France 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Uruguay 3.5 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.8
Korea, Rep. 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2
Mauritania 3.9 3.9 2.7 2.7 2.4
United Kingdom 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.4
Zambia 4.2 3.7 2.6 2.9 1.6
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.7 2.8
Bulgaria 4.3 3.7 3.0 3.0 2.6
Morocco 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.7
South Africa 4.4 3.9 3.2 2.8 2.5
Uganda 4.6 3.7 3.1 2.2 2.3
Singapore 4.6 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.1
Romania 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.3 2.8
Zimbabwe 4.9 4.8 3.8 3.9 3.6
Bahrain 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.5
Albania 5.2 5.9 4.6 3.2
Cyprus 5.4 7.4 7.3 9.1 4.1
United States 5.4 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.3
El Salvador 5.5 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.4
Brunei Darussalam 6.2 6.6 6.6 6.0 5.7
Lesotho 6.4 5.0 4.3 3.3 3.1
Cuba 6.5 6.4 6.5 1.8
Pakistan 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.0
Vietnam 7.3 7.9 5.6 3.4 2.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4 6.4 9.7 8.4 6.7
Ethiopia 7.5 6.1 2.5 2.6 2.4
Djibouti 7.6 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.7
Mongolia 7.9 4.6 3.9 2.1 1.8
Kuwait 9.0 85.3 90.1 15.2 12.7
Jordan 9.1 7.8 10.0 6.9 7.0
Saudi Arabia 13.4 14.0 12.5 11.3 12.5
Israel 14.8 15.4 14.9 13.1 13.5
Oman 16.7 16.5 14.7 16.2 15.4
Russian Federation 23.4 19.1 4.7 4.5
Bhutan
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.8
Libya
Grenada
Cambodia 1.8
Macao SAR, China
Sudan 2.6 2.2 1.9 2.1
Macedonia, FYR
Comoros
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Georgia
Slovak Republic 2.0
Gabon
St. Kitts and Nevis
Maldives
Bahamas, The
French Polynesia
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Qatar
Marshall Islands
Samoa
Liberia 7.4 6.2 10.6 23.3
Cayman Islands
Estonia 0.8
Hong Kong SAR, China
Eritrea 22.0
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Bermuda
Moldova 0.5
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Barbados
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tajikistan 0.4 3.4
Montenegro
Lao PDR 9.0 7.9
Equatorial Guinea
Kiribati
Kazakhstan 1.0
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Chad 3.3
Namibia 7.1 4.4 3.6 1.8
Central African Republic 1.6 1.6 1.5
Dominica
San Marino
Guam
Kyrgyz Republic 1.6 1.5
New Caledonia
Serbia
Czech Republic 2.1
Cabo Verde 1.0 0.6
Nicaragua 4.0 2.6 2.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Niger
Slovenia 2.2 1.8
Honduras
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Curacao
Belarus 1.6 2.8
Aruba
St. Lucia
Armenia 2.1 2.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5
Suriname
Angola 12.4 7.6 17.5
Iceland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kosovo
Guinea 2.4 1.7 1.3
Azerbaijan 2.1 5.1
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Timor-Leste
Palau
Tonga
Vanuatu
Antigua and Barbuda
Andorra
Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates
Tuvalu
West Bank and Gaza
Ukraine 0.5
Iraq
American Samoa
Congo, Rep.
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan
Croatia 7.6 10.7
Venezuela, RB 1.9 1.7 2.2
Costa Rica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Peru 1.2 1.9 2.0
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 7.0 7.3 7.0
Latvia 0.8
Lebanon 7.6 5.2 8.0 6.0

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