Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Mauritius 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Ghana 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Jamaica 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.5
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7
Nigeria 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.7
Japan 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Malta 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Guyana 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Nepal 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Bangladesh 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6
Belize 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4
Austria 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Ireland 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Madagascar 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.9
Gambia, The 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3
Malawi 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.5
Ecuador 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.3
Cote d'Ivoire 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.0
Argentina 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.5
Panama 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Sierra Leone 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Swaziland 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.9
Algeria 1.5 1.2 2.2 2.6 3.1
Guatemala 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1
Cameroon 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4
Finland 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7
Paraguay 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3
Benin 1.7
Spain 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.4
New Zealand 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4
Denmark 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7
Canada 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7
Italy 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Senegal 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.7
Tunisia 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.7 2.7
Papua New Guinea 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0
Philippines 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2
Mali 2.2 1.7 1.7
Tanzania 2.2 2.7 2.1 1.1 1.7
Australia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2
Colombia 2.2 2.2 2.5 3.0 2.5
Burkina Faso 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.3
Belgium 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.6
Fiji 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.8
Sri Lanka 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.7
Netherlands 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9
Portugal 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
Poland 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.1
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3
Germany 2.4 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.6
Malaysia 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.8
Sudan 2.6 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.3
China 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.1 1.8
Thailand 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.4
Bolivia 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.9 2.3
Norway 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7 2.7
Kenya 3.0 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.6
Togo 3.1 2.9 2.9 4.1 2.6
India 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.7
Greece 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Chile 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.7
France 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mozambique 3.4 2.6 3.0 2.9 3.3
Burundi 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.9 4.5
Uruguay 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.6
Turkey 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.1
Korea, Rep. 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2 2.9
Myanmar 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.9 3.7
Uganda 3.7 3.1 2.2 2.3 2.6
Zambia 3.7 2.6 2.9 1.6 1.7
Morocco 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.0
United Kingdom 3.7 3.9 3.5 3.3 3.0
Bulgaria 3.7 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5
Rwanda 3.7 5.5 4.4 4.5 3.4
Mauritania 3.9 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.2
South Africa 3.9 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Seychelles 4.0 4.4 4.7 2.7 2.4
El Salvador 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.4 2.0
Botswana 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.0
Romania 4.5 4.8 4.3 2.8 3.1
Mongolia 4.6 3.9 2.1 1.8 1.8
Zimbabwe 4.8 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.8
Singapore 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.1 3.9
Lesotho 5.0 4.3 3.3 3.1 3.7
Bahrain 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.8 4.6
United States 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.3 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.5 4.4
Albania 5.9 4.6 3.2 2.5
Ethiopia 6.0 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.8
Brazil 6.1 2.0 1.5 1.9 2.0
Cuba 6.4 6.5 1.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.4 9.7 8.4 6.7 7.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 7.0 7.3 7.0 8.4
Brunei Darussalam 6.6 6.6 6.0 5.7 6.4
Djibouti 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.7 6.2
Namibia 7.1 4.4 3.6 1.8 1.6
Pakistan 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.5
Liberia 7.4 6.2 10.6 23.3 31.2
Cyprus 7.4 7.3 9.1 4.1 4.0
Lebanon 7.6 5.2 8.0 6.0 6.6
Jordan 7.8 10.0 6.9 7.0 6.5
Vietnam 7.9 5.6 3.4 2.3 2.6
Saudi Arabia 14.0 12.5 11.3 12.5 10.6
Israel 15.4 14.9 13.1 13.5 11.8
Oman 16.5 14.7 16.2 15.4 15.7
Russian Federation 19.1 4.7 4.5 4.9
Kuwait 85.3 90.1 15.2 12.7 14.1
Vanuatu
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Macao SAR, China
Costa Rica
Macedonia, FYR
Suriname
Kosovo
Tuvalu
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lao PDR 9.0 7.9 7.4
Kiribati
Slovenia
Maldives
St. Lucia
Kazakhstan 1.0 0.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Liechtenstein
Barbados
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Libya
Lithuania 0.8 0.5
Isle of Man
Serbia
Iraq
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Somalia
Moldova 0.5 0.8
Chad 3.3 2.3
Monaco
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Iceland
Cambodia 1.8 3.8
Montenegro
Bhutan
Hungary 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0
Tonga
Hong Kong SAR, China
Turkmenistan 1.8
Honduras
Ukraine 0.5 2.5
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Guinea-Bissau 0.9
Afghanistan
Guinea 2.4 1.7 1.3 1.4
Sao Tome and Principe
New Caledonia
Curacao
Guam
Croatia
Nicaragua 4.0 2.6 2.1 0.9
Congo, Rep.
Niger 1.1
Slovak Republic 1.9 1.9
Grenada
Solomon Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Comoros
Kyrgyz Republic 1.6 1.5 2.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
Georgia
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Central African Republic 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3
Gabon
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Cabo Verde 1.0 0.6 0.8
Faeroe Islands
Tajikistan 0.4 3.4 1.9
Peru 1.2 1.8 2.0 1.8
Bermuda
Estonia
Belarus 1.6 2.8 3.4
Eritrea 22.0 13.4
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 0.5
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Bahamas, The
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Qatar
Azerbaijan 2.1 5.1 3.7
Dominica
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza
Armenia 2.1 2.1
Andorra
Uzbekistan 1.5
Latvia 0.8 0.9
Venezuela, RB 1.9 1.7 2.2 1.6
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Czech Republic 2.0 2.0
Angola 12.4 7.6 17.5 5.7
Samoa
American Samoa

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