Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Mauritius 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Ghana 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Jamaica 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6
Dominican Republic 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8
Luxembourg 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Nigeria 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.9
Japan 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Malta 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Guyana 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Nepal 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Bangladesh 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3
Belize 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Austria 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1
Ireland 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Gambia, The 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3
Malawi 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.3
Ecuador 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5
Cote d'Ivoire 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Argentina 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Panama 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3
Sierra Leone 1.0 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.0
Swaziland 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.8
Algeria 1.5 1.5 1.2 2.2 2.6
Guatemala 1.5 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.1
Cameroon 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.8
Paraguay 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.5
Switzerland 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Benin 1.9 1.7
Spain 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5
Canada 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Denmark 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Senegal 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1
Tunisia 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Italy 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.5 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.7
Papua New Guinea 1.5 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.1
Philippines 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2
Mali 2.3 2.2 1.7
Tanzania 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.1 1.1
Australia 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Colombia 1.7 2.2 2.2 2.5 3.0
Burkina Faso 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.6
Fiji 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0
Belgium 2.4 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.7
Sri Lanka 1.8 2.3 3.1 3.4 3.4
Poland 1.8 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.3
Portugal 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Germany 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.9
Sweden 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5
Netherlands 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.2
Malaysia 2.6 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.9
Sudan 2.6 2.2 1.9 2.1
China 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.1
Thailand 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.4
Hungary 3.1 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.1
Bolivia 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.5 1.9
Norway 2.9 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.7
Kenya 3.2 3.0 2.1 2.0 2.1
Togo 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 4.1
India 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.0
Chile 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.7
Mozambique 3.4 3.4 2.6 3.0 2.9
Greece 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.2
France 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Burundi 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.9
Uruguay 3.5 3.5 2.4 2.8 2.8
Turkey 3.2 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9
Korea, Rep. 3.9 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.2
Myanmar 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.9
Uganda 4.6 3.7 3.1 2.2 2.3
Zambia 4.2 3.7 2.6 2.9 1.6
Bulgaria 4.3 3.7 3.0 3.0 2.6
Rwanda 1.7 3.7 5.5 4.4 4.5
United Kingdom 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.4
Mauritania 3.9 3.9 2.7 2.7 2.4
South Africa 4.4 3.9 3.2 2.8 2.5
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.7 2.8
Morocco 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.7
El Salvador 5.5 4.2 3.5 3.0 2.4
Botswana 3.5 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.7
Romania 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.3 2.8
Mongolia 7.9 4.6 3.9 2.1 1.8
Zimbabwe 4.9 4.8 3.8 3.9 3.6
Singapore 4.6 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.1
Lesotho 6.4 5.0 4.3 3.3 3.1
Bahrain 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.8
United States 5.4 5.1 4.5 4.7 4.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.5
Albania 5.2 5.9 4.6 3.2
Brazil 2.6 6.1 2.0 1.5 1.9
Ethiopia 7.5 6.1 2.5 2.6 2.4
Cuba 6.5 6.4 6.5 1.8
Syrian Arab Republic 7.4 6.4 9.7 8.4 6.7
Yemen, Rep. 6.6 7.0 7.3 7.0
Brunei Darussalam 6.2 6.6 6.6 6.0 5.7
Djibouti 7.6 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.7
Namibia 7.1 4.4 3.6 1.8
Pakistan 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 7.0
Liberia 7.4 6.2 10.6 23.3
Cyprus 5.4 7.4 7.3 9.1 4.1
Lebanon 7.6 5.2 8.0 6.0
Jordan 9.1 7.8 10.0 6.9 7.0
Vietnam 7.3 7.9 5.6 3.4 2.3
Saudi Arabia 13.4 14.0 12.5 11.3 12.5
Israel 14.8 15.4 14.9 13.1 13.5
Oman 16.7 16.5 14.7 16.2 15.4
Russian Federation 23.4 19.1 4.7 4.5
Kuwait 9.0 85.3 90.1 15.2 12.7
Macao SAR, China
Kyrgyz Republic 1.6 1.5
Macedonia, FYR
Tonga
Chad 3.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
Cambodia 1.8
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ukraine 0.5
Maldives
Serbia
Kiribati
Somalia 0.8
Kazakhstan 1.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Marshall Islands
Bhutan
Lithuania 0.8
Turkmenistan
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Isle of Man
Latvia 0.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Costa Rica
Moldova 0.5
Slovenia 2.2 1.8
Monaco
South Sudan
Iraq
St. Lucia
Montenegro
Suriname
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Honduras
Barbados
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tuvalu
Guinea-Bissau 2.1
Aruba
Guinea 2.4 1.7 1.3
Vanuatu
New Caledonia
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
Curacao
Nicaragua 4.0 2.6 2.1
Croatia 7.6 10.7
Niger
Congo, Rep.
Grenada
Slovak Republic 2.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Solomon Islands
Greenland
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Libya
Comoros
Georgia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Gabon
Central African Republic 1.6 1.6 1.5
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Cabo Verde 1.0 0.6
Peru 1.2 1.9 2.0
Tajikistan 0.4 3.4
Estonia 0.8
Bermuda
Eritrea 22.0
Belarus 1.6 2.8
Equatorial Guinea
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5
Puerto Rico
Bahamas, The
Qatar
Turks and Caicos Islands
Dominica
Azerbaijan 2.1 5.1
Lao PDR 9.0 7.9
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza
Armenia 2.1 2.1
Andorra
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Venezuela, RB 1.9 1.7 2.2
Czech Republic 2.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Samoa
Angola 12.4 7.6 17.5
San Marino
American Samoa

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