Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Haiti 0.1
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Malawi 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8
Latvia 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8
Cameroon 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.8
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Chad 1.4 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Bangladesh 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Tanzania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Kenya 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Paraguay 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Swaziland 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Namibia 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Brazil 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Australia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7
Togo 2.4
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
India 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
United Kingdom 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Cyprus 3.0 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8
Morocco 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Lesotho 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3
Singapore 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Angola 4.7 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Lao PDR 5.9 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Israel 8.9 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.4
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Kuwait 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Lithuania
Suriname
Liechtenstein
Vanuatu
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Lucia
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2
Monaco
Montenegro
Benin 0.7
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
West Bank and Gaza
Liberia
South Sudan
Palau
Middle East (developing only)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Timor-Leste
Cuba
Maldives
Costa Rica
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tonga
Kiribati
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
Bahamas, The
Isle of Man
Vietnam
Iraq
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Qatar
Faeroe Islands
Iceland
St. Kitts and Nevis
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Honduras
Dominica
Samoa
Curacao
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Comoros
Congo, Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2
Tuvalu
Trinidad and Tobago
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Cayman Islands
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Bhutan
Grenada
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Greenland
Barbados
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Antigua and Barbuda
Gabon
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Solomon Islands
Andorra
Somalia
Afghanistan

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