Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Haiti 0.1
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
Malawi 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.9
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Latvia 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9
Nepal 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Cameroon 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.1
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Bangladesh 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
New Zealand 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 3.9 8.1 11.8
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Paraguay 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Chad 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.7
China 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5 3.3
Swaziland 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.7
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Namibia 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1 3.1
Brazil 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Tanzania 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.4
Kenya 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
South Africa 2.1 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
Australia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.1 2.7
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.6
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Norway 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1
Togo 2.4
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Uganda 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.8
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
India 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
United Kingdom 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Cyprus 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1 3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.7
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0 3.1
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.7 5.4 3.8
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Myanmar 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9 3.3
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Lesotho 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 4.6
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Singapore 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4 5.2
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Bahrain 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.9
Angola 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6 17.3
Morocco 5.8 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.5
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Lao PDR 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.1
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Israel 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.0
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Kuwait 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6 7.8
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
Gabon
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.8
Tuvalu
Palau
Vanuatu
Liberia
Montenegro
Afghanistan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Maldives
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kosovo
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
Kiribati
Bhutan
New Caledonia
Barbados
Puerto Rico
Vietnam
Qatar
Andorra
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Iraq
French Polynesia
Iceland
St. Lucia
Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Dominica
Suriname
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Tonga
Cuba
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4 1.2
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands
Costa Rica
Hong Kong SAR, China
Congo, Rep.
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Comoros
Honduras
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Benin 0.7
Grenada
Bahamas, The
Greenland
Aruba
Solomon Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Antigua and Barbuda
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
American Samoa

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