Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Latvia 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Malawi 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Bangladesh 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.8
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Burkina Faso 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Paraguay 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Chad 1.4 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2
Tanzania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Brazil 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Swaziland 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Namibia 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Australia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Angola 4.7 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3
India 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
United Kingdom 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8
Lesotho 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3
Myanmar 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2
Morocco 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Lao PDR 5.9 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1
Singapore 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Cyprus 3.0 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Israel 8.9 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.4
Kuwait 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Bahamas, The
Northern Mariana Islands
Comoros
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Liberia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2
Middle East (developing only)
Palau
Maldives
Kiribati
Tonga
New Caledonia
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Vietnam
Isle of Man
St. Lucia
Iraq
Suriname
Iceland
Marshall Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Qatar
Tuvalu
Honduras
Benin 0.7
Haiti 0.1
Vanuatu
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
West Bank and Gaza
Samoa
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Lithuania
Cuba
Guam
Costa Rica
Grenada
Congo, Rep.
Greenland
Cayman Islands
Gabon
Togo 2.4
French Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Bhutan
Monaco
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Somalia
Barbados
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Aruba
South Sudan
Antigua and Barbuda
Dominica
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Macao SAR, China
Andorra
Solomon Islands
Afghanistan

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