Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritius 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Gambia, The 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Latvia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8
Ghana 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0
Guinea-Bissau 0.7 0.7 1.4 2.6
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Nicaragua 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Guatemala 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Lithuania 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2
Dominican Republic 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3
Sudan 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0 4.8
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4
Ireland 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Niger 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1
Japan 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Malawi 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Mozambique 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Zambia 1.1 1.0 1.6
El Salvador 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Austria 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Estonia 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8
Chad 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.5
Sierra Leone 2.0 1.1 3.7
Argentina 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Panama 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.0
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5
Canada 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Switzerland 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6
Albania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Cameroon 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Kenya 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 0.2
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.2
Belize 1.2 1.4 0.9
Belgium 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Hungary 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5
Fiji 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9
Madagascar 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Mali 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
Swaziland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6
Germany 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Indonesia 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7
Senegal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2
Tanzania 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Burkina Faso 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Brazil 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7
South Africa 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4
Mongolia 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.1
Czech Republic 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.0
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Netherlands 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Spain 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
New Zealand 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Tunisia 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Belarus 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3
Ecuador 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.5
Paraguay 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Venezuela, RB 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5
Italy 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Philippines 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6
Australia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Norway 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.7
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Namibia 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8 2.4
Portugal 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Tajikistan 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.2
Peru 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8
Malaysia 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6
Thailand 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.5
Bulgaria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6 2.7
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9
Bolivia 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.5
Slovak Republic 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3
Uruguay 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5
United Kingdom 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3
India 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.9
Korea, Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5
Myanmar 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3
Ethiopia 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7 7.6
Colombia 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.0
France 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Mauritania 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3 2.9
Cambodia 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2
Romania 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Botswana 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1 3.2
United States 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Lesotho 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3 4.0
Algeria 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4
Zimbabwe 3.4 3.7 4.8 3.8 5.2
Morocco 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0 2.3
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 5.2
Lao PDR 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1 0.8
Armenia 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6
Turkmenistan 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2 2.8
Turkey 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7
Ukraine 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6
Rwanda 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0 5.6
Lebanon 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4
Russian Federation 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3 3.6
Singapore 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2 4.5
Sri Lanka 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0 5.0
Bahrain 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5 4.0
Djibouti 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7
Pakistan 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.2
Cyprus 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8 2.8
Yemen, Rep. 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2 4.9
Syrian Arab Republic 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3
Angola 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4
Jordan 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3
Burundi 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 4.9
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6 4.1
Croatia 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4 3.0
Kuwait 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2
Israel 8.7 8.4 7.9 7.3 7.1
Saudi Arabia 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4 10.6
Oman 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8
Eritrea 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6 32.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
Iraq
Trinidad and Tobago
Iceland
Comoros
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Honduras 0.7
Cuba
Guyana 0.8 1.8
Liberia
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Curacao
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Qatar
New Caledonia
Greenland
Central African Republic 1.2
Maldives
Togo
Gabon 1.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Samoa
Palau
San Marino
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
St. Lucia
French Polynesia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Faroe Islands
Suriname
Bermuda
Congo, Rep.
Barbados
Afghanistan
Bahamas, The
Cayman Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Tonga
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Kiribati
Bhutan
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu
Equatorial Guinea
Benin 0.7 0.6
Montenegro
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Dominica
Vanuatu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Vietnam
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Solomon Islands
Somalia
American Samoa

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