Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritius 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Latvia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Guatemala 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Ghana 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0
Dominican Republic 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0
Ireland 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Malawi 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Cabo Verde 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8
Chad 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.5
El Salvador 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Panama 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.0
Japan 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Austria 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mozambique 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Indonesia 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7
Niger 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1
Estonia 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8
Argentina 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6
Switzerland 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Kenya 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Canada 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Lithuania 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2
Albania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5
Hungary 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5
Papua New Guinea 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.0
Madagascar 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1
Fiji 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9
South Africa 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4
Cameroon 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Mali 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
Guinea-Bissau 0.7 0.7 1.4 2.6
Belgium 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Burkina Faso 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Tanzania 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Senegal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Belarus 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3
Netherlands 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Venezuela, RB 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5
Malaysia 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Paraguay 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Swaziland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6
Brazil 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7
Spain 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
Tunisia 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
New Zealand 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Philippines 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
Tajikistan 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.2
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7
Slovak Republic 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7
Czech Republic 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9
Mongolia 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.1
Italy 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Thailand 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.5
Mauritania 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3 2.9
Portugal 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Australia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Ecuador 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.5
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Namibia 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8 2.4
Peru 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8
Norway 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.7
Bulgaria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6 2.7
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9
Uruguay 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5
Sudan 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0 4.8
Myanmar 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3
United Kingdom 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.5
Lao PDR 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1 0.8
Angola 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4
France 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7
Cambodia 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9
Bolivia 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3
India 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.9
Korea, Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Russian Federation 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3 3.6
Romania 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5
United States 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Turkmenistan 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Turkey 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Ukraine 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6
Lesotho 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3 4.0
Colombia 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.0
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 5.2
Armenia 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6
Morocco 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0 2.3
Botswana 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1 3.2
Algeria 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4
Lebanon 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4
Rwanda 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5
Sri Lanka 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0 5.0
Cyprus 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8 2.8
Zimbabwe 3.4 3.7 4.8 3.8 5.2
Djibouti 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7
Singapore 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2 4.5
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2 2.8
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0 5.6
Bahrain 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5 4.0
Pakistan 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.2
Croatia 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4 3.0
Syrian Arab Republic 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3
Ethiopia 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7 7.6
Yemen, Rep. 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2 4.9
Jordan 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3
Burundi 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 4.9
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6 4.1
Israel 8.7 8.4 7.9 7.3 7.1
Kuwait 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2
Oman 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8
Saudi Arabia 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4 10.6
Eritrea 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6 32.7
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.2
Guyana 0.8 1.8
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
Turks and Caicos Islands
Honduras 0.7
Comoros
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Palau
Guam
Greenland
Liberia
Gabon 1.8
Congo, Rep.
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Faroe Islands
Central African Republic 1.2
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Trinidad and Tobago
Togo
Equatorial Guinea
Belize 1.2 1.4 0.9
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Qatar
Antigua and Barbuda
Dominica
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Macao SAR, China
Samoa
St. Lucia
San Marino
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Suriname
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iraq
Bermuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bhutan
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Tonga
Maldives
Benin 0.7 0.6
Monaco
Barbados
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Iceland
Bahamas, The
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Aruba
Solomon Islands
Andorra
Somalia
Vanuatu
Marshall Islands
Vietnam
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Cuba
Zambia 1.1 1.0 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.0 1.1 3.7

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