Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Latvia 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Malawi 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Chad 1.4 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Bangladesh 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Cameroon 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Burkina Faso 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Tanzania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Paraguay 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5
Swaziland 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
Brazil 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Australia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Namibia 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Myanmar 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0
United Kingdom 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8
Lao PDR 5.9 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1
Angola 4.7 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
India 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Lesotho 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Morocco 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Cyprus 3.0 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Singapore 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Syrian Arab Republic 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Israel 8.9 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.4
Kuwait 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
New Caledonia
Gabon
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.8
French Polynesia
Suriname
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Trinidad and Tobago
South Sudan
Kiribati
Guam
Somalia
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Iceland
Palau
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dominica
Bermuda
Haiti 0.1
Togo 2.4
Montenegro
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Aruba
Cuba
Andorra
Honduras
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Cayman Islands
Qatar
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
St. Kitts and Nevis
Costa Rica
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Iraq
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Bhutan
Liberia
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Benin 0.7
Congo, Rep.
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Tonga
Comoros
Barbados
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Bahamas, The
Hong Kong SAR, China
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Maldives
Lithuania
Antigua and Barbuda
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
American Samoa
Solomon Islands
Vanuatu
Samoa
Vietnam
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
West Bank and Gaza
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8

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