Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Mauritius 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Moldova 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Jamaica 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7
Indonesia 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.0
Luxembourg 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Guatemala 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.8
Malta 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Benin 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0
Ghana 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.7
Ireland 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Latvia 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.6 1.7
Dominican Republic 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.8
Cabo Verde 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.7
Kazakhstan 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Malawi 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5
Georgia 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.1
Lithuania 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.1
Panama 1.0
Japan 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Austria 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Argentina 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Nepal 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.7
Lao PDR 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5
Belize 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9
Burkina Faso 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Switzerland 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.2 0.2 0.9
Niger 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.0 0.9
Kenya 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8
Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3
Spain 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Fiji 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.6
Slovenia 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4
Canada 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
New Zealand 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Albania 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mozambique 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Finland 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4
Estonia 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.7
El Salvador 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.1
South Africa 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.5
Belarus 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Nigeria 1.4 0.8 1.3 1.5 0.9
Tanzania 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.1
Tajikistan 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.1 2.2
Belgium 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Paraguay 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0
Venezuela, RB 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.2
Bangladesh 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 1.5 1.3 1.4 0.7 1.4
Ecuador 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.3
Senegal 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Tunisia 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Guinea 1.6 1.5 3.1 3.3 2.4
Slovak Republic 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9
Denmark 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5
Philippines 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6
Thailand 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Uzbekistan 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5
Hungary 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7
Brazil 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.5
Chad 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5
Swaziland 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.8
Mongolia 1.7 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.5
Mali 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5
Netherlands 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6
Seychelles 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7
Zambia 1.8
Macedonia, FYR 1.8 1.9 6.6 2.8 2.4
China 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1
Portugal 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9
Poland 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.0
Italy 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7
Australia 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0
Peru 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5
Myanmar 2.1 2.5 1.8 1.4 2.2
Norway 2.1 1.7 1.7 2.1 2.0
Malaysia 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.6
Bolivia 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.2
Mauritania 2.3 2.9 4.0 2.8 4.0
Uruguay 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3
United Kingdom 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Cambodia 2.5 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.5
Azerbaijan 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.4
France 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Romania 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Kyrgyz Republic 2.7 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.9
Bulgaria 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.8
Chile 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Uganda 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.9
United States 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6
Cyprus 3.0 3.0 3.4 2.3 2.2
Ukraine 3.0 3.6 2.9 2.8 2.8
Botswana 3.1 3.4 4.1 4.2 4.0
Namibia 3.1 2.3 3.0 2.6 2.7
India 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5
Russian Federation 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.3 4.2 4.1 2.3 3.2
Morocco 3.5 2.3 3.9 3.6 3.7
Greece 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.2 2.6
Armenia 3.7 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.7
Colombia 3.8 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.5
Algeria 3.8 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.3
Libya 3.8 3.2 2.9 2.3 2.3
Zimbabwe 3.8 5.2 4.2 10.7 3.4
Turkey 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.4
Sudan 4.0 4.8 2.9 3.3 2.3
Sri Lanka 4.0 5.0 4.3 3.3 2.9
Serbia 4.2 5.5 4.3 4.5 3.7
Rwanda 4.4 3.5 3.4 3.0 2.4
Croatia 4.5 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.1
Lesotho 4.6 3.9 3.3 3.0 2.8
Lebanon 4.8 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.6
Bahrain 4.9 3.6 3.7 4.1 4.2
Djibouti 5.0 4.7 4.6 5.6 6.7
United Arab Emirates 5.0 5.6 5.6 4.9 4.7
Yemen, Rep. 5.2 4.9 5.5 6.9 6.8
Singapore 5.2 4.5 4.9 5.0 4.9
Pakistan 5.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 5.6 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.6
Syrian Arab Republic 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.2 6.2
Burundi 6.3 4.9 6.1 5.4 5.5
Jordan 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.4 6.0
Kuwait 7.8 6.1 7.3 7.6 6.7
Israel 8.4 8.0 8.4 9.6 9.6
Oman 11.4 10.6 12.2 12.4 12.2
Saudi Arabia 11.4 10.6 11.5 9.8 8.7
Ethiopia 12.0 5.0 3.9 3.6 3.4
Angola 17.3 6.4 4.5 3.5 4.7
Eritrea 39.6 32.7 22.1 20.7 20.9
Iraq
Central African Republic 1.1 1.3
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.6 2.4
Isle of Man
Curacao
New Caledonia
Costa Rica
Palau
Togo 1.7
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bermuda
Honduras 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0
Monaco
Haiti
St. Kitts and Nevis
Guyana 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9
Cote d'Ivoire 1.6
Guinea-Bissau 2.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Comoros
Guam
Liberia 0.2
Grenada
Trinidad and Tobago 0.1 0.2 0.2
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Qatar 3.9 3.3
Macao SAR, China
Greenland
Somalia
Gabon 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Cuba 3.5
Samoa
St. Lucia
San Marino
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Suriname
Kiribati
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.7 1.9
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan 2.5
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cayman Islands
Bahamas, The
Timor-Leste
Antigua and Barbuda
Tonga
Kosovo
Montenegro
Vietnam 2.0
Bhutan
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Barbados
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sierra Leone 3.7 2.8 2.2 2.1
Aruba
Andorra
Vanuatu
Marshall Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Dominica
Maldives
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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