Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan
Albania 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 5.7 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5
Aruba
Australia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Austria 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Azerbaijan 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8
Bangladesh 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Barbados
Belarus 3.4 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Belize 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.5
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0
Brazil 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3
Bulgaria 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2
Burundi 4.5 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6
Cabo Verde 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9
Cambodia 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7
Cameroon 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Canada 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2
Chad 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1
Chile 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
China 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Colombia 2.5 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4
Congo, Rep.
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire 1.0 0.8 0.8
Croatia 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1
Czech Republic 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Denmark 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Djibouti 6.2 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2
Dominica
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
Ecuador 1.3 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4
El Salvador 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3
Equatorial Guinea 2.4 2.4
Eritrea 13.4 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3
Estonia 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1
Ethiopia 1.9 1.6 1.6 4.0 8.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4
Finland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
France 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1
Germany 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Ghana 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7
Guinea 1.4 1.2 1.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Guyana 1.0 0.9 0.8
Haiti 0.1 0.1
Honduras
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5
Iceland
India 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.7 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5
Iraq
Ireland 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8
Isle of Man
Israel 11.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7
Italy 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9
Jamaica 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Jordan 6.5 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3
Kazakhstan 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Kenya 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8
Kosovo
Kuwait 14.1 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7
Lao PDR 7.4 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6
Latvia 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6
Lebanon 6.6 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0
Lesotho 3.7 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5
Liberia 31.2
Libya 4.1 5.3
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2
Madagascar 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3
Malawi 1.5 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6
Maldives
Mali 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9
Mauritius 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6
Monaco
Mongolia 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8
Montenegro
Morocco 4.5 6.5 4.1 4.3 3.6
Mozambique 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1
Myanmar 3.7 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5
Namibia 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1
Nepal 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Netherlands 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
New Caledonia
New Zealand 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Nicaragua 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Niger 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1
Nigeria 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Oman 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Pakistan 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4
Palau
Panama 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Paraguay 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6
Peru 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1
Philippines 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7
Poland 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Portugal 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0
Russian Federation 4.9 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9
Rwanda 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 10.6 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3
Senegal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Serbia 4.3 4.0
Seychelles 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1
Singapore 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8
Slovenia 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 2.7 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
South Sudan
Spain 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Sri Lanka 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3
Suriname
Swaziland 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8
Tajikistan 1.9 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7
Tanzania 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5
Thailand 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 2.6 2.4
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 0.5
Tunisia 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Turkey 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3
Turkmenistan 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1
Ukraine 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3
United Kingdom 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
United States 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Uruguay 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3
Uzbekistan 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6
Vietnam 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 8.4 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1
Zambia 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.8 3.7 5.4

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