Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Haiti 0.1 0.1
Gambia, The 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
Mauritius 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 0.5
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2
Jamaica 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ghana 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
Nigeria 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9
Moldova 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Cabo Verde 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Kazakhstan 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Nicaragua 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Madagascar 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Latvia 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Nepal 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Cote d'Ivoire 1.0 0.8 0.8
Guyana 1.0 0.9 0.8
Estonia 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1
Guatemala 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7
Austria 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Niger 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1
Ireland 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8
Argentina 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9
Central African Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2
Ecuador 1.3 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0
Sudan 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3
Panama 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2
Guinea 1.4 1.2 1.3
New Zealand 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Spain 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Belize 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.5
Paraguay 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6
Malawi 1.5 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8
Uzbekistan 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4
Kenya 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2
Bangladesh 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Namibia 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6
Canada 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3
Slovenia 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
Germany 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Mali 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Senegal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Tanzania 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5
Finland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Turkmenistan 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1
Denmark 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Mongolia 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8
China 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Peru 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1
Fiji 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 1.9 1.6 1.6 4.0 8.2
Zambia 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1
Swaziland 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7
Tunisia 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Slovak Republic 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8
Italy 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9
Tajikistan 1.9 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7
El Salvador 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3
Brazil 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Hungary 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5
Czech Republic 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Poland 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Philippines 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7
Australia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Portugal 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.9
Mauritania 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9
Bolivia 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7
Chad 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1
Equatorial Guinea 2.4 2.4
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Thailand 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Seychelles 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7
Bulgaria 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Albania 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2
Ukraine 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4
Colombia 2.5 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4
Uruguay 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3
Togo 2.6 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7
Uganda 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1
Vietnam 2.6
Chile 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
South Africa 2.7 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
India 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.7 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5
Norway 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8
Romania 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0
United Kingdom 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6
France 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7
Mozambique 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1
Belarus 3.4 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5
Rwanda 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4
Lesotho 3.7 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5
Azerbaijan 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4
Sri Lanka 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6
Myanmar 3.7 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.8 3.7 5.4
Cambodia 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7
Singapore 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4
United States 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Botswana 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0
Cyprus 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1
Turkey 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4
Morocco 4.5 6.5 4.1 4.3 3.6
Burundi 4.5 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6
Bahrain 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8
Russian Federation 4.9 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9
Angola 5.7 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6
Djibouti 6.2 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3
Pakistan 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4
Jordan 6.5 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3
Lebanon 6.6 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8
Lao PDR 7.4 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6
Yemen, Rep. 8.4 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1
Saudi Arabia 10.6 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3
Croatia 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7
Israel 11.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7
Eritrea 13.4 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3
Kuwait 14.1 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6
Oman 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Liberia 31.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 4.1 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2
Palau
Liechtenstein
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Aruba
New Caledonia
Montenegro
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Costa Rica
Macao SAR, China
Kosovo
Maldives
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Marshall Islands
Kiribati
Bhutan
Puerto Rico
Barbados
Qatar
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5
Gabon
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Kitts and Nevis
South Sudan
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Iraq
St. Lucia
Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Dominica
Suriname
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Congo, Rep.
Cuba
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Iceland
Tonga
Serbia 4.3 4.0
Comoros
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Honduras
Tuvalu
Guam
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Benin
Grenada
Bahamas, The
Greenland
Vanuatu
Solomon Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Somalia
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1
American Samoa

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