Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Haiti 0.1
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Malawi 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8
Latvia 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8
Cameroon 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.8
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Chad 1.4 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Bangladesh 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Tanzania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Kenya 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Paraguay 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Swaziland 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Namibia 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Brazil 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Australia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7
Togo 2.4
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
India 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
United Kingdom 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Cyprus 3.0 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Myanmar 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8
Morocco 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Lesotho 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3
Singapore 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Angola 4.7 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Lao PDR 5.9 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Israel 8.9 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.4
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Kuwait 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Afghanistan
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
Trinidad and Tobago
Honduras
South Sudan
Iraq
Suriname
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Palau
Iceland
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Somalia
Guam
Liechtenstein
Grenada
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Greenland
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Cayman Islands
Gabon
Bosnia and Herzegovina
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Qatar
Kiribati
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Liberia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Costa Rica
Sao Tome and Principe
Congo, Rep.
New Caledonia
Comoros
Turks and Caicos Islands
Taiwan, China
Barbados
Marshall Islands
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Timor-Leste
Aruba
Tonga
Antigua and Barbuda
Bhutan
Maldives
Benin 0.7
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Tuvalu
Dominica
Lithuania
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Bahamas, The
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Vanuatu
Curacao
Vietnam
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Cuba
Solomon Islands
American Samoa

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