Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Costa Rica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritius 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Lithuania 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8
Dominican Republic 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0
Latvia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ghana 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Guinea-Bissau 0.7 0.7 1.4 2.6
Nicaragua 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Guyana 0.8 1.8
Guatemala 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3
Estonia 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4
Niger 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1
Malawi 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Japan 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Ireland 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Mozambique 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Austria 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Zambia 1.1 1.0 1.6
Venezuela, RB 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5
El Salvador 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Panama 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.0
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8
Sudan 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0 4.8
Central African Republic 1.2
Cameroon 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.2
Madagascar 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Argentina 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Belize 1.2 1.4 0.9
Hungary 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5
Belarus 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3
Indonesia 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7
Switzerland 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Tajikistan 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.2
Canada 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Albania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Mali 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Paraguay 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7 7.6
Belgium 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Papua New Guinea 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.0
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1
Fiji 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9
Chad 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 0.2
Tanzania 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Senegal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Mongolia 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.1
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Swaziland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6
Brazil 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7
Ecuador 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9
Namibia 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8 2.4
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
South Africa 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4
Netherlands 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Spain 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
New Zealand 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Italy 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Sierra Leone 2.0 1.1 3.7
Australia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bolivia 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1
Tunisia 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Turkmenistan 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7
Bulgaria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6 2.7
Portugal 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.5
Sweden 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Norway 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.7
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3
Philippines 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.5
Malaysia 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6
Angola 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4
India 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.9
Romania 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7
Peru 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8
Mauritania 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3 2.9
United Kingdom 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5
France 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Botswana 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1 3.2
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9
Slovak Republic 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9
Algeria 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.7
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Cambodia 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2
Armenia 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6
Ukraine 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6
United States 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Zimbabwe 3.4 3.7 4.8 3.8 5.2
Lesotho 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3 4.0
Myanmar 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3
Morocco 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0 2.3
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 5.2
Russian Federation 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3 3.6
Turkey 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7
Lao PDR 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1 0.8
Singapore 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2 4.5
Colombia 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.0
Cyprus 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8 2.8
Djibouti 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7
Bahrain 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2 4.9
Rwanda 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5
Lebanon 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4
Sri Lanka 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0 5.0
Burundi 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 4.9
Jordan 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6 4.1
Croatia 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4 3.0
Saudi Arabia 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4 10.6
Israel 8.7 8.4 7.9 7.3 7.1
Kuwait 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2
Oman 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8
Eritrea 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6 32.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Dominica
Liechtenstein
Liberia
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza
Vanuatu
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Montenegro
Kiribati
St. Kitts and Nevis
Macao SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Togo
Cuba
Bermuda
Comoros
Isle of Man
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2 2.8
Puerto Rico
Barbados
Qatar
Vietnam
Iraq
Andorra
Iceland
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Marshall Islands
Samoa
St. Lucia
San Marino
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Curacao
Maldives
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Congo, Rep.
Tuvalu
Timor-Leste
Bhutan
Tonga
Honduras 0.7
Cayman Islands
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greenland
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0 5.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Benin 0.7 0.6
Gabon 1.8
Bahamas, The
French Polynesia
Aruba
Solomon Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Antigua and Barbuda
Faroe Islands
American Samoa

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