Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Mauritius 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.8
Dominican Republic 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0
Latvia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9
Ghana 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Jamaica 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Guinea-Bissau 0.7 0.7 1.4 2.6
Nicaragua 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Guyana 0.8 1.8
Guatemala 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.3
Estonia 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4
Niger 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1
Malawi 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Ireland 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Mozambique 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Austria 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Zambia 1.1 1.0 1.6
Venezuela, RB 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5
Panama 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8
Sudan 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0 4.8
Central African Republic 1.2
Bangladesh 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Cameroon 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.2
Madagascar 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Argentina 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
Belize 1.2 1.4 0.8 0.9
Belarus 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3
Indonesia 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.7
Switzerland 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Tajikistan 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.2
Spain 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Canada 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Albania 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Mali 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
Paraguay 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7 7.6
Belgium 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Papua New Guinea 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0 1.0
Finland 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1
Fiji 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.9
Chad 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2 0.2
Tanzania 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Germany 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
El Salvador 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Senegal 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3
Mongolia 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.1
Denmark 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
Brazil 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7
Swaziland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6
Ecuador 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.5
Czech Republic 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.9
Namibia 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8 2.4
Lithuania 1.7 2.6 4.2 3.3 4.2
China 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.8
South Africa 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4
Netherlands 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
New Zealand 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Italy 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0
Peru 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.8
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Sierra Leone 2.0 1.1 3.7
Australia 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Bolivia 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1 2.1
Tunisia 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Turkmenistan 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Seychelles 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.7
Bulgaria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6 2.7
Portugal 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.5
Sweden 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Norway 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0 1.7
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.6
Azerbaijan 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.3
Philippines 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.5
Malaysia 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1 1.6
Angola 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3 6.4
India 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.9
Romania 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.7
Mauritania 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3 2.9
United Kingdom 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5
Uruguay 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5
France 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.5
Botswana 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1 3.2
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.9
Slovak Republic 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.9
Algeria 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8 3.4
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
Cambodia 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.2
Armenia 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6
Ukraine 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0 3.6
United States 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9
Zimbabwe 3.4 3.7 3.8 5.2
Lesotho 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3 4.0
Myanmar 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2
Morocco 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0 2.3
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0 5.2
Russian Federation 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3 3.6
Turkey 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.7
Lao PDR 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1 0.8
Singapore 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2 4.5
Colombia 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8 3.0
Cyprus 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8 2.8
Djibouti 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7
Bahrain 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2 4.9
Rwanda 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4 3.5
Lebanon 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8 5.4
Sri Lanka 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0 5.0
Burundi 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3 4.9
Jordan 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3
Pakistan 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.2
Syrian Arab Republic 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6 4.1
Croatia 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4 3.0
Saudi Arabia 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4 10.6
Israel 8.7 8.4 7.9 7.4 7.1
Kuwait 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6 7.2
Oman 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4 10.8
Eritrea 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6 32.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan
Dominica
Vietnam
Liberia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Barbados
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Andorra
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Comoros
Curacao
Trinidad and Tobago 0.0
Costa Rica
Isle of Man
Togo
Iraq
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2 2.8
Iceland
Vanuatu
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Qatar
Montenegro
Hong Kong SAR, China
South Sudan
Honduras 0.7
Marshall Islands
Haiti
St. Lucia
Samoa
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Suriname
Sao Tome and Principe
Cuba
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
Maldives
Congo, Rep.
Tuvalu
Timor-Leste
Bhutan
Tonga
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Grenada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greenland
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0 5.6
Gabon 1.8
Benin 0.7 0.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bahamas, The
French Polynesia
Aruba
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Solomon Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Somalia
American Samoa

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