Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Gambia, The 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Latvia 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Nepal 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9
Malawi 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.9
Argentina 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.1
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Cameroon 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
New Zealand 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
Paraguay 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4
Bangladesh 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 3.9 8.1 11.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4 1.2
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Tanzania 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.4
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Brazil 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Swaziland 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.7
Namibia 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1 3.1
China 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Chad 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.7
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Australia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5 3.3
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.6
Norway 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Angola 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6 17.3
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
Uganda 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.8
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
India 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 2.1 2.7
United Kingdom 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0 3.1
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.7
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Lesotho 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 4.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Morocco 5.8 3.6 3.9 3.6 3.5
Myanmar 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5 2.1
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.7 5.4 3.8
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9 3.3
Lao PDR 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.1
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Singapore 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4 5.2
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Bahrain 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.9
Cyprus 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1 3.0
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Syrian Arab Republic 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Kuwait 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6 7.8
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Israel 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7 8.4
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.8
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Maldives
New Caledonia
Cuba
Palau
Liberia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Montenegro
Kiribati
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
St. Lucia
Congo, Rep.
Suriname
Tonga
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Iraq
Cayman Islands
Iceland
Vietnam
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Qatar
Somalia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Honduras
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Haiti 0.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Dominica
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Costa Rica
Bhutan
Comoros
Bermuda
Togo 2.4
Barbados
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5
Vanuatu
Monaco
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Grenada
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Greenland
Benin 0.7
Gabon
Bahamas, The
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Solomon Islands
American Samoa

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