Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Gambia, The 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9
Latvia 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6
Ghana 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Nicaragua 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Cabo Verde 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.7
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Jamaica 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
Guatemala 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 1.0 0.8 0.8
Sudan 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Nepal 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Moldova 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6
Niger 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1
Ireland 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8
Malawi 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8
Austria 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Estonia 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1
Zambia 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1
Argentina 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1
Panama 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0
Guinea 1.4 1.2 1.3
Canada 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
New Zealand 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Chad 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1
Spain 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Kenya 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4
Albania 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2
Uzbekistan 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4
Cameroon 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Slovenia 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
Bangladesh 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belize 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.4
El Salvador 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Fiji 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4
Madagascar 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3
Swaziland 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6
Senegal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Tanzania 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Mongolia 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Brazil 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7
South Africa 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.4
Mali 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
Denmark 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Czech Republic 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
China 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Hungary 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5
Tunisia 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Paraguay 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6
Netherlands 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Belarus 3.4 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6
Ecuador 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.9 2.1
Italy 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9
Philippines 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7
Australia 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Peru 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7
Poland 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Norway 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Tajikistan 1.9 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7
Portugal 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.9
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6
Thailand 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.4
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5
Bolivia 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7
Namibia 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.3 2.3
Azerbaijan 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4
Slovak Republic 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8
Uruguay 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3
Bulgaria 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
United Kingdom 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Ethiopia 2.0 1.6 1.5 2.6 5.9
India 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
Myanmar 3.5 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3
Colombia 2.5 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4
Korea, Rep. 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0
France 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7
Mauritania 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9
Cambodia 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7
Romania 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7
Botswana 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3
United States 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Zimbabwe 20.1 19.0 3.2 3.3
Lesotho 3.4 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6
Lao PDR 7.4 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5
Turkmenistan 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1
Libya 4.1 5.3
Turkey 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3
Ukraine 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4
Rwanda 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4
Morocco 4.5 4.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3
Serbia 4.3 4.0
Lebanon 6.6 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0
Russian Federation 5.9 4.4 4.1 4.5 3.3
Singapore 3.8 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.3
Bahrain 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8
Sri Lanka 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6
Djibouti 6.2 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2
Pakistan 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 8.4 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8
Angola 5.7 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6
Cyprus 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1
Jordan 6.5 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3
Burundi 4.5 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3
Croatia 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7
Kuwait 13.3 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8
Israel 11.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7
Saudi Arabia 10.6 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3
Oman 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Eritrea 13.4 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Liberia 29.7
Iraq
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Hong Kong SAR, China
Comoros
Honduras
Trinidad and Tobago 0.4 0.5
Haiti 0.1 0.1
Barbados
Guyana 1.0 0.9 0.8
Cuba
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
Costa Rica
Greenland
Central African Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2
Puerto Rico
Togo 2.6 2.4
Qatar
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gabon
Bermuda
Maldives
Iceland
French Polynesia
South Sudan
Samoa
Afghanistan
San Marino
St. Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Isle of Man
Suriname
Faeroe Islands
Congo, Rep.
Bahamas, The
Montenegro
Antigua and Barbuda
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tonga
Kiribati
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bhutan
Kosovo
Tuvalu
Solomon Islands
Benin
Somalia
Macao SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea 1.9 2.1
Aruba
Dominica
Vanuatu
Andorra
Vietnam 2.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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