Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Mauritius 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Gambia, The 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9
Latvia 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6
Ghana 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Nicaragua 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Guatemala 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Jamaica 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 1.0 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9
Sudan 1.3 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Moldova 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6
Nepal 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Niger 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1
Argentina 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9
Ireland 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8
Austria 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Estonia 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1
Malawi 1.5 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8
Kazakhstan 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 3.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1
Zambia 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.1
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.9 2.0 1.1
Panama 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0
Guinea 1.4 1.2 1.3
Canada 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
New Zealand 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1
Kenya 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2
Chad 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1
Spain 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4
Albania 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2
Uzbekistan 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.4
Cameroon 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5
Slovenia 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
El Salvador 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4
Fiji 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4
Madagascar 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3
Bangladesh 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Swaziland 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7
Belize 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.5
Senegal 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Mongolia 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8
Finland 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Brazil 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7
Mali 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6
South Africa 2.7 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Denmark 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6
Czech Republic 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
China 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Hungary 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5
Tunisia 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Paraguay 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6
Netherlands 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7
Belarus 3.4 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5
Ecuador 1.3 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6
Tanzania 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5
Italy 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9
Philippines 2.2 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7
Australia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0
Seychelles 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7
Poland 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Norway 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2
Tajikistan 1.9 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7
Portugal 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.9
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6
Thailand 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9
Peru 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1
Namibia 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.7 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2
Uganda 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1
Bolivia 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7
Azerbaijan 3.7 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4
Slovak Republic 1.9 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8
Uruguay 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3
Bulgaria 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
United Kingdom 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5
Chile 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8
Myanmar 3.7 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5
India 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8
Colombia 2.5 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4
France 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7
Mauritania 2.2 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9
Cambodia 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7
Romania 3.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 2.6 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7
United States 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0
Greece 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6
Botswana 4.0 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0
Lao PDR 7.4 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6
Lesotho 3.7 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.4 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5
Turkmenistan 1.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1
Ethiopia 1.9 1.6 1.6 4.0 8.2
Libya 4.1 5.3
Turkey 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3
Ukraine 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4
Rwanda 3.4 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3
Serbia 4.3 4.0
Lebanon 6.6 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0
Morocco 4.5 6.5 4.1 4.3 3.6
Russian Federation 4.9 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9
Bahrain 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8
Singapore 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4
Sri Lanka 3.7 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6
Djibouti 6.2 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.8 3.7 5.4
Pakistan 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4
Yemen, Rep. 8.4 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1
Syrian Arab Republic 7.2 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8
Angola 5.7 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6
Cyprus 4.0 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1
Jordan 6.5 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3
Burundi 4.5 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6
Brunei Darussalam 6.4 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3
Croatia 11.1 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7
Kuwait 14.1 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6
Israel 11.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7
Saudi Arabia 10.6 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3
Oman 15.7 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5
Eritrea 13.4 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kosovo
Suriname
Palau
Vietnam 2.6
Honduras
St. Lucia
Haiti 0.1 0.1
Montenegro
Guyana 1.0 0.9 0.8
Tuvalu
Guam
American Samoa
Grenada
Liechtenstein
Greenland
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Gabon
Comoros
Puerto Rico
Hong Kong SAR, China
Qatar
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Iraq
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Iceland
Costa Rica
New Caledonia
Congo, Rep.
Timor-Leste
Central African Republic 1.3 1.2 1.2
Tonga
Cayman Islands
Equatorial Guinea 2.4 2.4
Kiribati
Dominica
Togo 2.6 2.4
Barbados
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 0.5
Bahamas, The
Bhutan
Antigua and Barbuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Vanuatu
Benin
Marshall Islands
Maldives
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Afghanistan
Curacao
Andorra
Solomon Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Monaco
Cuba
Liberia 31.2

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