Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Gambia, The 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Latvia 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Nepal 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Malawi 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8
Zambia 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Chad 1.4 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Argentina 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
Canada 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2
Switzerland 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Bangladesh 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4
Spain 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.4 0.4 1.2
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Slovenia 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.8
Belgium 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Swaziland 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Finland 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2
Tanzania 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Brazil 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.0
Denmark 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Netherlands 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6
Hungary 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6
China 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
New Zealand 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Paraguay 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Italy 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Australia 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sweden 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9
Norway 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.0
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Namibia 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.8
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Peru 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Bulgaria 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.6
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Uganda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.7 1.6
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
United Kingdom 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
India 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0
Korea, Rep. 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
Myanmar 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.3 2.0
Ethiopia 1.6 1.5 2.7 6.1 9.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.7
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
France 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.6
Greece 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.8 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.2
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Lesotho 4.0 3.5 3.3 3.4 4.3
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
Zimbabwe 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.8
Morocco 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.0
Serbia 3.5 3.8 3.5 4.0
Lao PDR 5.9 4.2 3.8 2.6 1.1
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.2
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.3 2.9 3.3
Singapore 4.2 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.2
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Bahrain 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Cyprus 3.0 4.5 5.6 4.7 2.8
Yemen, Rep. 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 6.9 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Angola 4.7 2.4 6.0 2.6 17.3
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Croatia 9.2 8.2 7.5 5.6 4.4
Kuwait 13.6 10.3 8.1 8.8 7.6
Israel 8.9 8.7 8.5 7.9 7.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
Cuba
Hong Kong SAR, China
Middle East (developing only)
Iceland
Costa Rica
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Honduras
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
Haiti 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Solomon Islands
Guam
New Caledonia
Grenada
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Congo, Rep.
Gabon
Cayman Islands
Puerto Rico
Togo 2.4
Qatar
Bhutan
French Polynesia
Curacao
Maldives
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Samoa
Lithuania
San Marino
St. Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Iraq
Suriname
Turks and Caicos Islands
Comoros
Benin 0.7
Kiribati
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Tonga
Liberia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Tuvalu
Dominica
Barbados
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bahamas, The
Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
Monaco
Vanuatu
Macao SAR, China
Vietnam
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan

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