Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mauritius 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.4 0.4 1.2
Gambia, The 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Jamaica 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Latvia 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8
Moldova 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
Guatemala 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Ghana 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Dominican Republic 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Malawi 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.9
Ireland 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8
Cabo Verde 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Nigeria 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.4
Argentina 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Japan 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Panama 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0
Nepal 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Austria 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Estonia 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.3
Kazakhstan 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9
Papua New Guinea 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.9
Georgia 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.9
Mozambique 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Chad 1.7 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.7
Burkina Faso 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1
Lithuania 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.2 1.0
Albania 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.2
Kenya 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
Canada 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2
Spain 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Switzerland 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Guinea 1.2 1.3 1.6
New Zealand 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
El Salvador 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3
Madagascar 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
Fiji 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Slovenia 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2
South Africa 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4
Belgium 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
Hungary 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.7
Tanzania 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.4
Cameroon 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Bangladesh 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Senegal 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Belarus 1.7 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.4
Finland 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3
Germany 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Venezuela, RB 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.6 1.4
Paraguay 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.4
Malaysia 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.1
Denmark 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Tunisia 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.6
Philippines 2.3 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.6
Netherlands 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Brazil 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Tajikistan 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.7 1.4
Swaziland 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.7
Seychelles 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8
Mongolia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.7
Slovak Republic 3.2 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.6
China 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9
Czech Republic 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Mauritania 2.3 2.6 3.0 1.9 2.3
Thailand 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.6
Portugal 2.3 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9
Italy 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0
Ecuador 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5
Australia 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
Sweden 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0
Poland 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9
Namibia 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1 3.1
Peru 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0
Norway 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1
Macedonia, FYR 3.0 2.2 2.2 1.8
Uruguay 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.3 2.4
Sudan 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.3 4.0
Azerbaijan 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.6
Bulgaria 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7
Myanmar 3.9 3.7 2.7 2.5 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.5 3.3
United Kingdom 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4
Lao PDR 6.2 4.1 3.5 2.6 1.1
Angola 4.7 2.5 6.0 2.6 17.3
Chile 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
Cambodia 3.6 3.2 3.0 2.7 2.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.7
Bolivia 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.1
France 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.7
Korea, Rep. 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.5
India 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1
Russian Federation 4.1 4.0 4.4 2.9 3.3
Romania 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.7
United States 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 2.9
Uganda 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.1 2.8
Turkmenistan 2.3 2.0 4.0 3.1 2.9
Turkey 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.3 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3
Ukraine 2.8 3.3 4.1 3.4 3.0
Colombia 2.8 4.4 2.8 3.4 3.8
Lesotho 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.5 4.6
Armenia 4.1 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.7
Greece 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.6
Morocco 6.5 4.1 4.3 3.6 3.5
Algeria 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.8
Serbia 4.3 4.0 4.2
Botswana 3.5 2.9 3.4 4.0 3.1
Lebanon 6.4 5.4 4.3 4.0 4.8
Rwanda 4.4 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Sri Lanka 5.9 5.5 4.6 4.6 4.0
Bahrain 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.9
Cyprus 3.2 4.8 6.0 5.1 3.0
Djibouti 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.0
Libya 4.1 5.3 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.2 5.3 5.0
Singapore 4.4 4.3 4.6 5.4 5.2
Pakistan 6.2 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.2
Croatia 9.3 8.3 7.6 5.7 4.5
Syrian Arab Republic 7.0 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.8
Yemen, Rep. 6.3 5.3 5.8 6.1 5.2
Jordan 4.5 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.3
Burundi 4.2 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.3
Brunei Darussalam 6.0 6.4 7.1 7.3 5.6
Ethiopia 1.6 1.6 4.0 8.2 12.0
Kuwait 14.3 8.3 7.7 8.6 7.8
Israel 8.9 9.1 9.1 8.7 8.4
Oman 14.6 12.5 12.5 12.5 11.4
Saudi Arabia 9.3 8.5 11.0 14.3 11.4
Eritrea 20.8 22.0 12.8 35.3 39.6
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Haiti 0.1
Comoros
Guyana 0.9 0.8
Togo 2.4
Guam
American Samoa
Grenada
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greenland
Belize 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.1
Hong Kong SAR, China
Antigua and Barbuda
Iceland
Congo, Rep.
Palau
St. Kitts and Nevis
Gabon
Central African Republic 1.2 1.2
French Polynesia
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Iraq
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Equatorial Guinea 2.4
Liechtenstein
Dominica
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.6
Puerto Rico
Honduras
Qatar
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Montenegro
St. Lucia
Monaco
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Suriname
San Marino
Marshall Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Liberia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bhutan
Kiribati
Timor-Leste
Macao SAR, China
Tonga
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Benin 0.7
Sierra Leone 2.9 2.0 1.1
Barbados
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bahamas, The
Cote d'Ivoire 0.8 0.8
Aruba
Costa Rica
Andorra
Solomon Islands
Vanuatu
Somalia
Vietnam
Zambia 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.8
West Bank and Gaza
Curacao
Cuba
Zimbabwe 3.8 3.7 5.4 3.8

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