Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Oman 8.3 9.8 16.2 15.0 11.8
Saudi Arabia 8.6 7.2 7.7 9.0 10.8
Israel 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.2
South Sudan 4.1 5.9 9.5 8.3 8.3
United Arab Emirates 6.1 5.5 5.1 5.9 5.7
Yemen, Rep. 4.7 5.2 5.0 4.6
Chad 5.8 5.0
Jordan 5.2 4.8 4.0 3.6 3.5
Azerbaijan 2.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8
United States 4.7 4.6 4.2 3.8 3.5
Algeria 3.5 4.3 4.6 5.0 5.5
Lebanon 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.6
Armenia 4.3 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.3
Russian Federation 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.5
Namibia 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.1 4.1
Bahrain 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.2
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3
Angola 4.2 3.5 3.6 4.9 5.2
Kyrgyz Republic 3.8 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.4
Morocco 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.8
Pakistan 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4
Uganda 3.2 3.3 1.5 1.2 1.2
Cuba 3.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Georgia 3.9 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3
Singapore 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Iraq 2.6 3.2 2.8 3.4 4.3
Ecuador 3.0 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.7
Colombia 3.6 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5
Sri Lanka 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.5
Swaziland 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.4
Lithuania 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
India 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.4
Korea, Rep. 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.2 2.5 2.4 2.6 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.2 2.5 2.3
Greece 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.2
Botswana 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.0 1.9
United Kingdom 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1
Lesotho 3.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3
Ukraine 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 3.1
France 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2
Turkey 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2
Chile 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.0
Serbia 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2
Portugal 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.8
Vietnam 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3
China 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8
Australia 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8
Timor-Leste 2.8 1.8 2.6 2.2 1.9
Zimbabwe 1.0 1.8 2.6 2.6 2.7
Poland 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Afghanistan 1.9 1.8 1.1 1.1 1.3
Croatia 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5
Cyprus 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Montenegro 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7
Uruguay 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.6
Estonia 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.0
Italy 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.4
Fiji 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.2
Malaysia 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5
Thailand 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5
Senegal 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5
Guinea-Bissau 2.0 1.6 1.7
Cambodia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Togo 1.8 1.6
Tunisia 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Kenya 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.3
Nepal 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5
Albania 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.0
Mali 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Bulgaria 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5
Bolivia 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Norway 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4
Brazil 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Cote d'Ivoire 1.6 1.4 1.5
Finland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Denmark 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3
Niger 1.2 1.3 1.0
Cameroon 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Netherlands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Romania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3
Zambia 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6
Burkina Faso 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Slovenia 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0
Germany 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Bangladesh 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Belarus 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Macedonia, FYR 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Guyana 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
New Zealand 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1
Philippines 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Paraguay 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5
Peru 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.4
Rwanda 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Canada 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Honduras 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.3
Sweden 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
El Salvador 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
South Africa 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Tajikistan 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1
Ethiopia 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7
Czech Republic 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Slovak Republic 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Hungary 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
Latvia 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Belgium 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Belize 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Japan 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.9 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.4
Kazakhstan 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Malawi 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.8 1.2
Spain 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Jamaica 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tanzania 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0
Mozambique 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1
Sierra Leone 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.8
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.9
Seychelles 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.1
Austria 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Venezuela, RB 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.1
Madagascar 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Argentina 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Switzerland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Indonesia 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
Trinidad and Tobago 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9
Malta 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Dominican Republic 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Ghana 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5
Nigeria 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mexico 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Ireland 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nicaragua 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7
Luxembourg 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5
Cabo Verde 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Guatemala 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Moldova 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Lao PDR 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritius 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Myanmar 4.0 4.0 3.7
Mauritania 2.9 2.9 2.9
Marshall Islands
Suriname
Palau
Cayman Islands
Panama
St. Lucia
Monaco
Antigua and Barbuda
Maldives
Tuvalu
Macao SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Liechtenstein
Gambia, The 1.2 1.2 1.8
Libya 3.6 8.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Syrian Arab Republic
French Polynesia
Puerto Rico
Equatorial Guinea 1.2
Qatar 1.5
Turkmenistan
Middle East (developing only)
Central African Republic 2.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Barbados
Samoa
Greenland
San Marino
St. Kitts and Nevis
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Sudan
Isle of Man
Gabon 0.9 1.4 1.5
Djibouti
Faeroe Islands
Tonga
Eritrea
Congo, Rep. 1.8 2.6 5.0
Dominica
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Haiti
Costa Rica
Guinea 3.0 3.1 3.8
Comoros
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Burundi 2.4 2.2 2.0
Aruba
Vanuatu
American Samoa
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Guam
Uzbekistan
Solomon Islands
Bhutan
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Grenada
Benin 1.0 1.0 1.1
Andorra
Bahamas, The

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