Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Saudi Arabia 25.0 26.6 36.3 45.1 47.7
Gabon 26.1 26.7 27.3 29.8 29.9
Oman 27.7 25.8 31.9 31.4 30.8
Kuwait 30.9 38.1 53.4 44.3 42.6
Peru 31.4 36.0 34.5 39.3 43.6
Bahrain 32.0 32.8 34.5 34.3 34.2
Algeria 41.7 44.2 44.6 44.1 50.6
Panama 44.9 48.0 41.6 48.6 56.2
Trinidad and Tobago 45.9 49.9 57.9 63.4 55.2
Sweden 46.2 48.0 48.9 47.3 45.8
Congo, Rep. 46.8 56.5 40.0 39.8 38.8
Norway 47.0 46.4 47.2 46.9 45.5
Bulgaria 47.3 48.7 49.8 51.4 49.8
South Africa 47.8 53.7 58.9 55.1 55.6
Namibia 48.1 67.8 68.9 68.5 70.8
China 50.6 51.7 50.3 50.6 50.5
Indonesia 51.4 57.2 59.5 59.8 59.5
Botswana 52.0 53.6 51.0 45.2 42.7
Singapore 52.2 49.2 44.8 42.2 42.6
Finland 52.3 52.3 52.7 52.8 51.5
Netherlands 52.6 51.5 51.6 51.9 50.7
Israel 53.1 54.9 57.8 59.3 54.6
Canada 53.1 52.5 53.1 53.7 53.5
Cuba 53.7 53.8 54.2 54.4 54.6
Belgium 53.7 55.8 56.7 57.8 56.7
Luxembourg 53.7 55.7 55.0 54.3 51.6
Iceland 53.7 55.2 56.1 56.9 58.2
Denmark 53.9 54.5 53.3 52.6 52.7
Malaysia 54.2 57.1 57.3 56.4 53.7
Togo 54.5 63.8 68.1 63.4 71.3
Japan 54.8 54.2 55.4 56.1 55.5
Venezuela, RB 54.9 57.9 62.4 67.7 63.2
France 55.0 56.4 56.7 56.4 56.4
Australia 55.2 55.4 55.8 58.1 56.5
Zambia 55.2 64.9 64.3 60.7 58.3
Guyana 55.4 63.0 66.5 70.2 61.7
Albania 56.1 54.9 58.0 57.8 60.8
Germany 56.8 58.1 58.6 58.4 58.7
United Kingdom 56.9 57.8 58.1 58.3 58.5
Ecuador 57.1 59.0 64.0 63.7 63.3
Fiji 57.2 63.7 62.5 64.0 62.9
Austria 57.2 57.6 57.8 60.2 59.0
Suriname 57.7 58.5 59.3 74.3 64.8
Mauritania 58.2 60.7 78.4 71.2 72.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.0 63.3 62.3 62.6 63.2
Greece 59.6 62.2 60.1 61.5 58.9
Italy 59.6 59.6 59.8 59.1 59.2
New Zealand 60.0 58.6 57.4 56.0 55.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 60.0 59.8 61.2 64.1 60.8
Papua New Guinea 60.9 66.2 64.7 64.5 63.5
Switzerland 61.2 60.8 60.7 61.8 60.5
United States 61.3 60.3 62.0 62.8 61.8
Tunisia 61.5 61.3 62.3 57.9 58.6
Bahamas, The 61.7 62.3 59.1 57.4 65.4
Morocco 61.8 62.8 62.1 63.7 63.2
Kenya 62.1 61.9 64.6 62.9 68.1
Barbados 62.5 64.9 63.5 62.6 62.2
Cote d'Ivoire 62.8 63.6 62.3 63.5 59.7
Gambia, The 63.0 51.5 60.9 53.7 40.8
Jamaica 63.8 67.7 67.8 65.0 66.4
Ireland 64.0 64.1 58.5 58.8 58.4
Portugal 64.6 65.9 66.0 67.3 69.9
Syrian Arab Republic 64.8 72.0 63.8 66.3 61.8
Thailand 64.8 63.8 62.1 64.3 61.6
Spain 65.0 65.6 65.3 64.7 63.4
Mexico 65.1 64.4 61.6 60.9 63.1
Antigua and Barbuda 65.3 61.5 80.9 74.6 68.2
Costa Rica 65.5 60.1 57.8 72.5 72.3
Korea, Rep. 65.8 65.6 64.0 62.9 61.7
Cyprus 66.3 64.6 66.8 68.3 64.7
Philippines 66.7 67.1 68.8 68.9 73.7
Bolivia 67.3 70.3 72.9 73.5 69.2
Zimbabwe 67.7 69.5 67.6 71.4 63.2
Malta 68.0 67.2 69.0 69.8 71.5
Cameroon 68.6 70.5 62.1 63.4 62.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69.2 66.9 67.0 65.0 67.9
Honduras 69.4 72.2 74.2 76.1 75.7
Brazil 69.7 68.0 69.6 71.2 70.4
Malawi 69.9 70.3 67.4 68.4 69.5
Colombia 70.2 72.5 72.8 71.9 70.6
Chile 70.7 74.5 75.3 73.3 73.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 71.2 72.9 74.2 84.4 73.9
Bhutan 71.3 81.2 79.0 74.8 71.2
Swaziland 71.8 72.9 80.9 84.0 87.9
El Salvador 71.8 76.8 76.7 77.5 78.8
Belize 71.9 76.9 78.4 72.0 64.4
Senegal 73.1 71.8 74.5 77.8 77.8
Guinea-Bissau 73.3 70.3 75.7 78.1 84.7
Puerto Rico 74.5 74.6 74.8 77.0 73.4
India 74.9 70.6 69.4 71.4 69.0
Niger 75.1 80.8 83.2 82.3 90.7
St. Lucia 75.4 82.4 68.5 63.3 71.9
Mauritius 75.6 71.4 70.9 69.7 68.7
Uruguay 75.8 68.0 67.5 69.1 69.1
Dominican Republic 77.0 71.0 75.2 73.7 74.9
Turkey 77.0 77.0 76.3 78.4 79.6
Jordan 78.5 77.4 85.3 86.0 82.6
Guatemala 78.9 81.6 82.0 82.9 82.9
Comoros 79.2 79.5 76.8 75.2 73.2
Sri Lanka 80.3 80.9 79.8 78.1 72.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.5 82.5 84.0 84.2 83.1
Sudan 81.9 81.8 85.8 86.4 89.8
Nepal 82.2 82.1 81.6 81.3 80.9
Nicaragua 82.5 73.9 67.9 56.7 55.4
Pakistan 83.1 81.8 82.2 80.8 81.2
Rwanda 83.3 78.6 81.9 83.9 81.0
Ghana 83.9 87.2 89.8 90.8 88.6
Grenada 84.6 83.4 82.4 76.9 78.5
Seychelles 85.7 85.2 88.7 92.0 88.6
Mali 87.4 88.9 88.1 92.1 92.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 89.0 76.5 78.5 76.7 63.8
Madagascar 89.3 88.2 90.3 89.0 86.2
Sierra Leone 90.7 90.7 88.2 87.8 82.1
Burundi 91.4 86.8 91.6 84.6 85.9
Bangladesh 91.8 87.4 88.7 88.2 89.2
Dominica 92.4 84.8 72.9 67.1 71.1
Tonga 92.8 98.3 88.9 106.9 96.6
Central African Republic 93.7 85.9 89.5 83.7 85.6
Kiribati 94.5 85.2 90.1 79.2 70.6
Mozambique 96.7 92.2 92.4 84.3 87.4
Somalia 97.3 93.9 99.5 106.8 105.3
Benin 97.7 103.2 84.2 86.1 84.9
Burkina Faso 98.0 98.8 91.7 90.2 90.6
Lesotho 130.2 139.2 175.5 187.4 190.6
Equatorial Guinea 175.3 271.5 180.8 88.0 140.6
Tuvalu
Moldova
Croatia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 84.9
Monaco
Mongolia 52.3 45.4 56.4 55.8
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Vanuatu 55.5 54.2
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Maldives
Myanmar
Taiwan, China
Macedonia, FYR
Belarus
Macao SAR, China 53.4 51.5 46.8
Aruba
Lithuania
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Liechtenstein
Libya
Czech Republic
Liberia
Cayman Islands
Nigeria 55.2 56.7 60.8 66.6
Tanzania
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Turkmenistan
Lebanon
Ukraine
Latvia
Argentina
Palau
Vietnam
Lao PDR 90.9
Andorra
Kyrgyz Republic
Solomon Islands
Paraguay
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Ethiopia 72.7 72.6 72.9 68.2
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
Poland
Isle of Man
Djibouti
Iraq
Curacao
Qatar
Chad 98.3 98.3 91.2
Romania 53.7 55.2
Cambodia
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Hungary
Cabo Verde
Samoa
Brunei Darussalam
San Marino
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Azerbaijan
Haiti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea
Uganda 88.9 87.4 82.5
Serbia
United Arab Emirates
Guam
Armenia
Greenland
Uzbekistan
Georgia
Angola
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovak Republic
Yemen, Rep.
Slovenia
American Samoa

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