Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Oman 27.7 25.8 31.9 31.4 30.8
Saudi Arabia 25.1 26.6 36.4 45.2 47.9
Gabon 26.1 26.7 27.3 29.8 29.9
Bahrain 32.0 32.8 34.5 34.3 34.2
Peru 31.4 36.0 34.5 39.3 43.6
Kuwait 30.9 38.1 53.4 44.3 42.6
Algeria 41.7 44.2 44.6 44.1 50.6
Norway 47.5 47.0 47.8 47.5 46.3
Sweden 46.2 48.0 48.9 47.3 45.8
Panama 44.9 48.0 41.6 48.6 56.2
Bulgaria 47.3 48.7 49.8 51.4 49.8
Singapore 52.2 49.2 44.8 42.2 42.6
Trinidad and Tobago 45.9 49.9 57.9 63.4 55.2
Netherlands 52.6 51.5 51.6 51.9 50.7
Gambia, The 63.0 51.5 60.9 53.7 40.8
Finland 52.3 52.3 52.7 52.8 51.5
Mongolia 52.3 45.4 56.4 55.8
Canada 53.1 52.5 53.1 53.7 53.5
Botswana 52.0 53.6 51.0 45.2 42.7
Romania 53.7 55.2
South Africa 47.8 53.7 58.9 55.1 55.6
Cuba 53.7 53.8 54.2 54.4 54.6
Japan 54.8 54.2 55.4 56.1 55.5
Denmark 53.9 54.5 53.3 52.6 52.7
Israel 53.1 54.9 57.8 59.3 54.6
Albania 56.1 54.9 58.0 57.8 60.8
Iceland 53.7 55.2 56.1 56.9 58.2
Nigeria 55.2 56.7 60.8 66.6
Australia 55.2 55.4 55.8 58.1 56.5
Luxembourg 53.7 55.7 55.0 54.3 51.6
Belgium 53.7 55.8 56.7 57.8 56.7
France 55.0 56.4 56.7 56.4 56.4
Congo, Rep. 46.8 56.5 40.0 39.8 38.8
Malaysia 54.2 57.1 57.3 56.4 53.7
Indonesia 51.4 57.2 59.5 59.8 59.5
Latvia 59.4 57.5 57.7 58.8 57.2
Austria 57.2 57.6 57.8 60.2 59.0
United Kingdom 57.0 57.6 58.0 58.1 58.3
Venezuela, RB 54.9 57.9 62.4 67.7 63.2
Germany 56.8 58.1 58.6 58.4 58.7
Suriname 57.7 58.5 59.3 74.3 64.8
Ecuador 57.1 59.0 64.0 63.7 63.3
New Zealand 60.5 59.1 57.9 56.6 56.4
United States 61.5 59.4 62.4 63.0 60.2
Italy 59.6 59.6 59.8 59.1 59.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 60.0 59.8 61.2 64.1 60.8
Costa Rica 65.5 60.1 57.8 72.5 72.3
Mauritania 58.2 60.7 78.4 71.2 72.4
Switzerland 61.2 60.8 60.7 61.8 60.5
Tunisia 61.5 61.3 62.3 57.9 58.6
Antigua and Barbuda 65.3 61.5 80.9 74.6 68.2
Kenya 62.1 61.9 64.6 62.9 68.1
Greece 59.6 62.2 60.1 61.5 58.9
Bahamas, The 61.7 62.3 59.1 57.4 65.4
Morocco 61.8 62.8 62.1 63.7 63.2
Guyana 55.4 63.0 66.5 70.2 61.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.0 63.3 62.3 62.6 63.2
Cote d'Ivoire 62.8 63.6 62.3 63.5 59.7
Fiji 57.2 63.7 62.5 64.0 62.9
Togo 54.5 63.8 68.1 63.4 71.3
Thailand 64.8 63.8 62.1 64.3 61.6
Ireland 64.0 64.1 58.5 58.8 58.4
Mexico 65.1 64.4 61.6 60.9 63.1
Cyprus 66.3 64.6 66.8 68.3 64.7
Barbados 62.5 64.9 63.5 62.6 62.2
Zambia 55.2 64.9 64.3 60.7 58.3
Spain 65.0 65.6 65.3 64.7 63.4
Korea, Rep. 65.8 65.6 64.0 62.9 61.7
Portugal 64.6 65.9 66.0 67.3 69.9
Papua New Guinea 60.9 66.2 64.7 64.5 63.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69.2 66.9 67.0 65.0 67.9
Philippines 66.7 67.1 68.8 68.9 73.7
Malta 68.0 67.2 69.0 69.8 71.5
Jamaica 63.8 67.7 67.8 65.0 66.4
Namibia 48.1 67.8 68.9 68.5 70.8
Brazil 69.7 68.0 69.6 71.2 70.4
Uruguay 75.8 68.0 67.5 69.1 69.1
Zimbabwe 67.7 69.5 67.6 71.4 63.2
Guinea-Bissau 73.3 70.3 75.7 78.1 84.7
Malawi 69.9 70.3 67.4 68.4 69.5
Bolivia 67.3 70.3 72.9 73.5 69.2
Cameroon 68.6 70.5 62.1 63.4 62.0
India 74.9 70.6 69.4 71.4 69.0
Dominican Republic 77.0 71.0 75.2 73.7 74.9
Mauritius 75.6 71.4 70.9 69.7 68.7
Senegal 73.1 71.8 74.5 77.8 77.8
Syrian Arab Republic 64.8 72.0 63.8 66.3 61.8
Honduras 69.4 72.2 74.2 76.1 75.7
Colombia 70.2 72.5 72.8 71.9 70.6
Ethiopia 72.7 72.6 72.9 68.2
Swaziland 71.8 72.9 80.9 84.0 87.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 71.2 72.9 74.2 84.4 73.9
Nicaragua 82.5 73.9 67.9 56.7 55.4
Chile 70.7 74.5 75.3 73.3 73.0
Puerto Rico 74.5 74.6 74.8 77.0 73.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 89.0 76.5 78.5 76.7 63.8
El Salvador 71.8 76.8 76.7 77.5 78.8
Belize 71.9 76.9 78.4 72.0 64.4
Turkey 77.0 77.0 76.3 78.4 79.6
Jordan 78.5 77.4 85.3 86.0 82.6
Rwanda 83.3 78.6 81.9 83.9 81.0
Comoros 79.2 79.5 76.8 75.2 73.2
Liberia 73.7 80.1 85.5 91.8 88.4
Niger 75.1 80.8 83.2 82.3 90.7
Sri Lanka 80.3 80.9 79.8 78.1 72.3
Bhutan 71.3 81.2 79.0 74.8 71.2
Guatemala 78.9 81.6 82.0 82.9 82.9
Pakistan 83.1 81.8 82.2 80.8 81.2
Sudan 81.9 81.8 85.8 86.4 89.8
Nepal 82.2 82.1 81.6 81.3 80.9
St. Lucia 75.4 82.4 68.5 63.3 71.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.5 82.5 84.0 84.2 83.1
Grenada 84.6 83.4 82.4 76.9 78.5
Dominica 92.4 84.8 72.9 67.1 71.1
Kiribati 94.5 85.2 90.1 79.2 70.6
Seychelles 85.7 85.2 88.7 92.0 88.6
Central African Republic 93.7 85.9 89.5 83.7 85.6
Burundi 91.4 86.8 91.6 84.6 85.9
Bangladesh 91.8 87.1 88.4 87.9 89.6
Ghana 83.9 87.2 89.8 90.8 88.6
Madagascar 89.3 88.2 90.3 89.0 86.2
Mali 87.4 88.9 88.1 92.1 92.1
Sierra Leone 90.7 90.7 88.2 87.8 82.1
Mozambique 96.7 92.2 92.4 84.3 87.4
Somalia 97.3 93.9 99.5 106.8 105.3
Tonga 92.8 98.3 88.9 106.9 96.6
Burkina Faso 98.0 98.8 91.7 90.2 90.6
Benin 97.7 103.2 84.2 86.1 84.9
Lesotho 130.2 139.2 175.5 187.4 190.6
Equatorial Guinea 175.3 271.5 180.8 88.0 140.6
American Samoa
Kyrgyz Republic
Belarus
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Myanmar
Curacao
Cabo Verde
United Arab Emirates
Monaco
Angola
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
New Caledonia
Croatia
Moldova
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 84.9
Uzbekistan
French Polynesia
Solomon Islands
Marshall Islands
Cambodia
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Azerbaijan
Tajikistan
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Palau
Isle of Man
Eritrea
Uganda 88.9 87.4 82.5
Yemen, Rep.
Iraq
Hungary
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aruba
Montenegro
Maldives
Afghanistan
Poland
South Sudan
Georgia
Lao PDR 90.9
Macedonia, FYR
Bermuda
Qatar
Kosovo
Armenia
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Andorra
Macao SAR, China 53.4 51.5 46.8
Kazakhstan
Samoa
Tanzania
San Marino
Timor-Leste
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
Argentina
Guinea
Lithuania
Turkmenistan
Serbia
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Ukraine
Libya
Haiti
Djibouti
China 49.5 50.0 49.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Vanuatu 55.5 54.2
Slovak Republic
Vietnam
Slovenia
West Bank and Gaza
Paraguay
Chad 98.3 98.3 91.2
Lebanon

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