Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Gabon 26.7 27.3 29.8 29.9 32.3
Oman 25.8 31.9 31.4 30.8 32.6
Peru 36.0 34.5 39.3 43.6 41.5
Bahrain 32.8 34.5 34.3 34.2 29.6
Saudi Arabia 26.6 36.3 45.1 47.7 53.2
Congo, Rep. 56.5 40.0 39.8 38.8 52.5
Panama 48.0 41.6 48.6 56.2 56.1
Algeria 44.2 44.6 44.1 50.6 51.9
Singapore 49.2 44.8 42.2 42.6 45.2
Mongolia 52.3 45.4 56.4 55.8 55.5
Norway 46.4 47.2 46.9 45.5 47.4
Sweden 48.0 48.9 47.3 45.8 45.7
Bulgaria 48.7 49.8 51.4 49.8 51.6
China 51.7 50.3 50.6 50.5 52.4
Botswana 53.6 51.0 45.2 42.7 39.0
Netherlands 51.0 51.2 51.4 50.3 50.5
Finland 52.3 52.7 52.8 51.5 52.7
Canada 52.5 53.1 53.7 53.5 54.2
Denmark 54.5 53.3 52.6 52.7 52.4
Kuwait 38.1 53.4 44.3 42.6 47.8
Macao SAR, China 53.4 51.5 46.8 49.1
Cuba 53.8 54.2 54.4 54.6 51.4
Luxembourg 55.8 55.2 54.4 51.8 51.0
Japan 54.2 55.4 56.1 55.5 54.6
Australia 55.4 55.8 58.1 56.6 55.2
Iceland 55.4 56.3 57.1 58.4 59.9
Malaysia 56.3 56.5 55.9 52.8 54.5
Nigeria 55.2 56.7 60.8 66.6 67.0
France 56.4 56.7 56.4 56.4 56.9
Belgium 55.9 56.9 58.0 56.8 57.7
New Zealand 58.6 57.4 56.0 55.9 57.2
Austria 57.6 57.8 60.2 59.0 57.3
Israel 54.9 57.8 59.3 54.6 58.0
United Kingdom 57.6 57.8 58.1 58.3 58.1
Costa Rica 60.1 57.8 72.5 72.3 74.4
Albania 54.9 58.0 57.8 60.8 60.2
Ireland 64.2 58.6 58.9 58.5 59.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 54.0 58.6 57.2 57.1 65.2
Germany 58.2 58.7 58.5 58.8 58.7
South Africa 53.7 58.9 55.1 55.6 52.4
Bahamas, The 62.3 59.1 57.4 65.4 62.9
Trinidad and Tobago 51.5 59.1 64.6 58.8 54.0
Suriname 58.5 59.3 74.3 64.8 55.0
Indonesia 57.2 59.5 59.8 59.5 59.1
Italy 59.6 59.8 59.1 59.2 59.2
Greece 62.2 60.2 61.6 58.9 57.5
Switzerland 60.8 60.7 61.8 60.5 59.7
Gambia, The 51.5 60.9 53.7 40.8 79.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 59.8 61.2 64.1 60.8 61.5
Mexico 64.4 61.6 60.9 63.1 64.5
United States 60.3 62.0 62.8 61.8 62.6
Cameroon 70.5 62.1 63.4 62.0 64.2
Morocco 62.8 62.1 63.7 63.2 62.0
Thailand 63.8 62.1 64.3 61.6 61.0
Tunisia 61.3 62.3 57.9 58.6 58.8
Cote d'Ivoire 63.6 62.3 63.5 59.7 58.6
Venezuela, RB 57.9 62.4 67.7 63.2 64.0
Fiji 63.7 62.5 64.0 62.9 62.2
Syrian Arab Republic 72.0 63.8 66.3 61.8 63.5
Ecuador 59.0 64.0 63.7 63.3 62.6
Korea, Rep. 65.6 64.0 62.9 61.7 61.1
Kenya 61.9 64.6 62.9 68.1 62.1
Papua New Guinea 66.2 64.7 64.5 63.5 67.0
Spain 65.6 65.3 64.7 63.4 63.1
Portugal 65.9 66.0 67.3 69.9 68.1
Guyana 63.0 66.5 70.2 61.7 59.9
Cyprus 64.6 66.8 68.3 64.7 65.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 66.9 67.0 65.0 67.9 68.2
Malawi 70.3 67.4 68.4 69.5 69.4
Uruguay 68.0 67.5 69.1 69.1 68.5
Zimbabwe 69.5 67.6 71.4 63.2 61.8
Jamaica 67.7 67.8 65.0 66.4 70.6
Nicaragua 73.9 67.9 56.7 55.4 48.2
Togo 63.8 68.1 63.4 71.3 79.0
St. Lucia 82.4 68.5 63.3 71.9 68.1
Philippines 67.1 68.8 68.9 73.7 75.9
Namibia 67.8 68.9 68.5 70.8 56.8
Malta 67.2 69.0 69.8 71.5 72.5
India 70.6 69.4 71.4 69.0 67.4
Barbados 70.5 69.5 68.3 68.2 65.9
Brazil 68.0 69.6 71.2 70.4 65.8
Mauritius 71.4 70.9 69.7 68.7 67.0
Colombia 72.5 72.8 71.9 70.6 69.0
Dominica 84.8 72.9 67.1 71.1 72.4
Bolivia 70.3 72.9 73.5 69.2 73.8
Honduras 72.2 74.2 76.1 75.7 74.4
Senegal 71.8 74.5 77.8 77.8 76.8
Puerto Rico 74.6 74.8 77.0 73.4 74.2
Dominican Republic 71.0 75.2 73.7 74.9 83.9
Chile 74.5 75.3 73.3 73.0 67.0
Guinea-Bissau 70.3 75.7 78.1 84.7 94.9
Turkey 77.0 76.3 78.4 79.6 79.1
El Salvador 76.8 76.7 77.5 78.8 81.2
Comoros 79.5 76.8 75.2 73.2 72.7
Belize 76.9 78.4 72.0 64.4 70.1
Mauritania 60.7 78.4 71.2 72.4 63.6
Bhutan 81.2 79.0 74.8 71.2 68.9
Sri Lanka 80.9 79.8 78.1 72.3 77.9
Antigua and Barbuda 61.5 80.9 74.6 68.2 71.7
Swaziland 72.9 80.9 84.0 87.9 89.2
Nepal 82.1 81.6 81.3 80.9 76.5
Rwanda 78.6 81.9 83.9 81.0 80.5
Guatemala 81.6 82.0 82.9 82.9 82.6
Pakistan 81.8 82.2 80.8 81.2 82.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 85.5 82.2 88.5 84.5 79.9
Grenada 83.4 82.4 76.9 78.5 79.6
Niger 80.8 83.2 82.3 90.7 88.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 82.5 83.7 82.0 74.0 69.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.5 84.0 84.2 83.1 77.9
Benin 103.2 84.2 86.1 84.9 88.7
Jordan 77.4 85.3 86.0 82.6 88.6
Sudan 81.8 85.8 86.4 89.8 84.3
Sierra Leone 90.7 88.2 87.8 82.1 83.0
Seychelles 85.2 88.7 92.0 88.6 84.6
Bangladesh 87.4 88.7 88.2 89.2 87.6
Uganda 88.9 87.4 82.5 78.0
Tonga 98.3 88.9 106.9 96.6 99.8
Central African Republic 85.9 89.5 83.7 85.6 79.1
Ghana 87.2 89.8 90.8 88.6 84.0
Kiribati 85.2 90.1 79.2 70.6 92.8
Madagascar 88.2 90.3 89.0 86.2 90.0
Burundi 86.8 91.6 84.6 85.9 88.1
Burkina Faso 98.8 91.7 90.2 90.6 80.8
Mozambique 92.2 92.4 84.3 87.4 92.2
Chad 98.3 98.3 91.2 100.4
Somalia 93.9 99.5 106.8 105.3
Lesotho 139.2 175.5 187.4 190.6 169.8
Equatorial Guinea 271.5 180.8 88.0 140.6 97.6
San Marino
Guinea
Uzbekistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Georgia
Cabo Verde
Myanmar
Serbia
Djibouti
Moldova
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Belarus
Aruba
Kazakhstan
New Caledonia
Andorra
Czech Republic
Azerbaijan
Curacao
Slovenia
Libya
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan
Armenia
Eritrea
Argentina
Samoa
Hungary
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Croatia
American Samoa
Paraguay
Slovak Republic
Angola 50.0
Solomon Islands
Monaco
Liberia
Lithuania
Guam
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 84.9
St. Martin (French part)
Iraq
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mali 94.4
Maldives
Cayman Islands
Ethiopia
Cambodia
Liechtenstein
Tanzania
Russian Federation
Timor-Leste
Faroe Islands
Ukraine
Poland
Brunei Darussalam
Haiti
Turkmenistan
Yemen, Rep.
Tuvalu
Qatar
Romania
United Arab Emirates
Greenland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bermuda
Kyrgyz Republic
Vanuatu 55.5 54.2 60.1
Lao PDR 90.9 90.0
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon

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