Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Congo, Rep. 31.8 38.1 27.2 31.3 39.4
Botswana 33.2 36.1 36.6 35.2 37.9
Brunei Darussalam 34.8 30.3 43.4 41.5 41.6
Angola 35.8 38.6 56.4 48.5 33.8
Bahrain 38.4 58.6 59.1 56.3 52.1
Macao SAR, China 39.2 39.7 35.2 34.7 35.3
Sweden 44.6 47.3 48.2 50.2 49.2
Singapore 44.8 43.6 43.6 44.0 42.9
Oman 45.7 51.5 50.1 52.1 51.1
Armenia 45.9 61.1 101.3 86.5 99.1
Luxembourg 45.9 45.9 44.5 42.9 42.2
Saudi Arabia 46.7 44.2 44.4 48.0 47.8
China 47.0 45.6 45.9 41.9 41.1
Belarus 47.4 46.3 51.1 56.2 59.4
Poland 47.6 57.6 60.3 61.8 61.9
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 45.5 44.1 44.1 46.9
Libya 48.4 57.4 53.9 64.2 60.1
Russian Federation 48.9 46.9 37.5 45.2 50.8
Turkmenistan 49.3 43.9 29.0
Netherlands 49.4 49.8 49.7 49.9 49.6
Denmark 49.7 50.1 50.2 50.4 51.2
Gabon 49.7 45.3 49.8 48.0 42.7
Norway 49.8 50.0 50.9 50.7 50.5
Finland 50.5 52.9 53.8 53.5 52.2
Azerbaijan 51.2 73.0 51.4 66.6 67.1
Czech Republic 51.8 50.9 53.2 51.8 50.5
Malaysia 51.8 52.2 50.3 48.3 48.1
Latvia 52.7 46.2 39.4 52.5 58.7
Slovak Republic 53.0 50.5 48.8 54.3 52.0
Japan 53.3 52.8 53.5 54.3 55.3
Belgium 54.1 54.8 54.3 53.9 53.7
Cuba 54.8 59.8 60.0 60.8 68.8
Korea, Rep. 55.3 54.8 55.4 55.7 56.0
Austria 55.5 55.9 56.7 55.9 56.2
France 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.8 55.4
Israel 55.6 60.4 60.5 62.4 63.4
Switzerland 55.7 57.3 58.6 58.5 57.6
Canada 55.8 57.1 57.5 57.5 56.6
Australia 55.9 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0
Namibia 56.3 65.3 61.0 61.4 58.5
Germany 56.5 56.3 56.5 57.1 56.8
Kuwait 56.8 90.7 35.8 43.5 41.4
Thailand 56.8 54.5 54.1 54.2 54.8
Lithuania 56.8 56.3 67.8 73.1 68.0
Ireland 56.8 57.3 57.4 55.9 55.8
Algeria 56.8 47.9 51.8 54.9 55.6
Panama 56.9 59.4 56.6 55.7 53.6
Ukraine 57.1 54.1 46.0 48.0 48.5
South Africa 57.1 58.5 61.0 60.7 60.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 57.5 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.9
Italy 57.9 58.1 59.1 58.7 59.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 57.9 61.0 51.6 50.2 53.3
Bhutan 58.5 59.1 59.6 52.6 43.7
Nicaragua 58.6 89.4 95.4 90.4 87.8
Trinidad and Tobago 58.7 63.7 64.9 68.3 54.4
Indonesia 58.9 58.4 57.8 58.5 59.7
Iceland 59.0 59.8 60.1 57.8 56.9
Papua New Guinea 59.0 58.8 50.8 42.0 46.3
Belize 59.3 68.0 63.0 60.2 66.8
Brazil 59.3 61.6 61.5 60.1 59.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.3 57.2 54.8 43.6 43.9
Bahamas, The 59.5 60.7 59.4 63.2 61.7
Bulgaria 59.8 54.1 65.6 73.5 74.0
Morocco 60.0 63.1 62.8 62.3 63.9
Albania 60.5 90.9 152.1 119.5 95.8
Grenada 60.7 62.1 67.3 69.6 60.3
New Zealand 60.7 60.6 59.8 57.9 58.3
United Kingdom 60.9 61.9 62.7 63.5 62.8
Spain 61.1 61.0 61.7 61.7 61.6
Cyprus 61.2 65.7 63.4 59.5 58.2
Chile 61.4 63.0 64.2 64.6 63.0
Suriname 61.6 61.3 60.8 64.1 64.1
Venezuela, RB 62.1 66.5 69.7 72.9 70.1
Ecuador 62.7 64.5 63.9 71.4 71.0
Kenya 62.8 63.8 67.8 63.0 62.7
Uzbekistan 62.9 58.0 71.7 47.6 61.0
Nigeria 62.9 62.8 67.2 70.3 64.5
Zimbabwe 63.1 68.1 64.9 64.0 61.5
Vanuatu 63.2 62.6 61.9 60.4 58.4
Mauritius 63.4 61.9 60.9 61.5 62.3
Tunisia 63.6 62.4 61.7 62.0 62.0
Portugal 63.7 64.6 65.5 67.3 66.3
United States 63.7 64.1 64.2 64.7 64.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 63.8 77.1 61.0 72.2 74.7
Zambia 64.4 59.8 84.7 73.4
India 64.6 65.9 65.0 67.1 66.1
Georgia 64.7 66.1 97.9 113.0 138.9
Dominica 64.7 66.2 63.8 64.9 66.6
Puerto Rico 64.8 63.4 62.1 61.8 61.6
Jamaica 64.9 65.2 61.8 68.5 69.3
Greece 65.5 65.2 67.6 68.1 68.5
Romania 65.9 60.7 62.7 63.7 63.5
Malta 66.0 64.7 64.3 63.4 62.8
Colombia 66.4 67.4 71.8 71.0 65.7
Cameroon 66.6 64.7 70.7 73.3 73.8
Honduras 66.8 67.6 66.6 64.9 62.8
Guinea 66.9 67.9 71.3 71.5 74.3
Mongolia 68.7 76.5 65.9 70.6 65.7
Turkey 68.7 67.7 66.7 66.2 66.0
Syrian Arab Republic 68.7 74.4 73.8 73.5 68.9
Mauritania 69.2 68.7 67.3 71.6 36.1
Ethiopia 69.4 76.5 81.1 77.5 74.1
Mexico 69.6 70.5 71.8 69.8 70.5
Uruguay 70.3 70.1 72.2 72.6 72.9
Kyrgyz Republic 71.1 64.2 70.7 75.7 78.4
Togo 71.1 73.5 81.1 84.1 75.5
St. Lucia 71.1 73.5 70.2 66.8 67.4
Philippines 71.5 72.8 73.9 74.4 71.4
Malawi 71.5 73.8 85.2 87.9 71.5
Cote d'Ivoire 71.9 73.3 71.8 71.2 63.0
Macedonia, FYR 72.3 63.6 64.0 70.9 75.7
Barbados 72.4 74.9 76.7 76.3 71.8
Guyana 72.4 65.5 55.8 62.7 70.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 72.6 75.6 72.6 74.1 74.6
Costa Rica 72.9 72.3 72.0 72.4 71.7
Fiji 73.0 70.0 72.2 72.6 73.2
Burkina Faso 73.5 70.0 69.6 70.9 57.6
Pakistan 73.8 68.2 70.0 72.2 71.1
Tajikistan 73.8 70.2 42.2 52.0 55.3
Jordan 74.9 72.4 76.6 71.9 67.4
New Caledonia 75.4
Gambia, The 75.6 71.8 67.3 88.4 91.4
Benin 75.7 78.7 80.9 79.1 74.3
Sri Lanka 75.9 77.4 75.4 74.8 75.1
Peru 76.7 78.6 79.0 78.2 74.3
Bolivia 76.9 77.8 79.4 79.4 77.6
Yemen, Rep. 77.0 88.7 82.1 89.5 80.1
Argentina 77.1 80.4 81.9 69.8 69.9
Sierra Leone 78.5 77.1 84.4 86.4 76.8
Comoros 78.7 79.8 82.7 78.5 83.0
Djibouti 78.9 78.5 72.8
Niger 79.0 82.4 76.7 80.3 84.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 79.1 84.9 72.2 80.6 85.0
Senegal 79.2 79.7 80.3 82.9 81.7
Mali 79.8 80.1 82.3 80.7 81.2
Dominican Republic 80.4 83.0 85.0 82.5 81.0
Swaziland 80.4 80.9 85.7 83.4 74.5
Central African Republic 80.7 79.3 80.0 80.0 73.4
Tanzania 80.9 78.1 80.0 85.2 81.2
Seychelles 82.9 82.4 81.5 81.6 75.6
Guatemala 83.6 83.9 84.5 84.8 86.1
Rwanda 83.7 84.7 82.6 84.3 137.3
Vietnam 84.3 82.0 80.7 77.2 75.7
Nepal 84.3 82.5 81.3 79.3 82.0
Ghana 85.2 83.2 86.6 79.5 73.8
Sudan 86.1 83.6 82.9 75.7 83.0
Bangladesh 86.2 84.5 83.0 82.2 81.6
Madagascar 86.4 91.5 88.9 90.0 89.8
Guinea-Bissau 86.9 86.2 87.8 85.9 89.0
El Salvador 88.9 88.0 88.4 87.6 87.1
Kiribati 89.6 94.5 93.8
Equatorial Guinea 91.2 147.1 102.2 80.2 34.4
Uganda 91.9 90.5 89.9 87.7 83.9
Mozambique 92.3 99.0 99.3 102.4 98.6
Tonga 93.6 100.5 88.7 91.9 90.8
Burundi 94.5 93.4 90.9 85.7 93.8
Chad 97.6 97.0 97.1 96.2 94.1
Lesotho 123.1 125.9 111.8 107.0 99.3
Lebanon 139.6 132.5 124.6 118.0 105.3
Timor-Leste
Cabo Verde
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Samoa
San Marino
Qatar 29.9
Greenland
Serbia
Curacao
Paraguay 61.7 63.3 65.4 68.1
West Bank and Gaza 99.0
Palau
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Haiti 87.5 88.2 107.0 97.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Myanmar
Eritrea 104.0 92.8 99.5
Slovenia
Cayman Islands
Solomon Islands
Bermuda
Somalia
Andorra
Montenegro
Kazakhstan 51.6 74.9 70.7
South Sudan
Iraq
Monaco
Hungary 54.9 57.9 58.9 57.4
Moldova 57.5 23.7 36.9 54.1
Guam
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Maldives
United Arab Emirates
Liechtenstein
Croatia
Liberia
Cambodia 100.2 94.0
Afghanistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
Aruba 44.4
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa

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