Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Brunei Darussalam 34.8 30.3 43.4 41.5 41.6
Botswana 33.2 36.1 36.6 35.2 37.9
Congo, Rep. 31.8 38.1 27.2 31.3 39.4
Angola 35.8 38.6 56.4 48.5 33.8
Macao SAR, China 39.2 39.7 35.2 34.7 35.3
Singapore 44.8 43.6 43.6 44.0 42.9
Turkmenistan 49.3 43.9 29.0
Saudi Arabia 46.7 44.2 44.4 48.0 47.8
Gabon 49.7 45.3 49.8 48.0 42.7
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 45.5 44.1 44.1 46.9
China 47.0 45.6 45.9 41.9 41.1
Luxembourg 45.9 45.9 44.5 42.9 42.2
Latvia 52.7 46.2 39.4 52.5 58.7
Belarus 47.4 46.3 51.1 56.2 59.4
Russian Federation 48.9 46.9 37.5 45.2 50.8
Sweden 44.6 47.3 48.2 50.2 49.2
Algeria 56.8 47.9 51.8 54.9 55.6
Netherlands 49.4 49.8 49.7 49.9 49.6
Norway 49.8 50.0 50.9 50.7 50.5
Denmark 49.7 50.1 50.2 50.4 51.2
Slovak Republic 53.0 50.5 48.8 54.3 52.0
Czech Republic 51.8 50.9 53.2 51.8 50.5
Oman 45.7 51.5 50.1 52.1 51.1
Malaysia 51.8 52.2 50.3 48.3 48.1
Japan 53.3 52.8 53.5 54.3 55.3
Finland 50.5 52.9 53.8 53.5 52.2
Ukraine 57.1 54.1 46.0 48.0 48.5
Bulgaria 59.8 54.1 65.6 73.5 74.0
Thailand 56.8 54.5 54.1 54.2 54.8
Belgium 54.1 54.8 54.3 53.9 53.7
Korea, Rep. 55.3 54.8 55.4 55.7 56.0
Hungary 54.9 57.9 58.9 57.4
France 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.8 55.4
Austria 55.5 55.9 56.7 55.9 56.2
Germany 56.5 56.3 56.5 57.1 56.8
Lithuania 56.8 56.3 67.8 73.1 68.0
Canada 55.8 57.1 57.5 57.5 56.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.3 57.2 54.8 43.6 43.9
Switzerland 55.7 57.3 58.6 58.5 57.6
Ireland 56.8 57.3 57.4 55.9 55.8
Libya 48.4 57.4 53.9 64.2 60.1
Moldova 57.5 23.7 36.9 54.1
Poland 47.6 57.6 60.3 61.8 61.9
Australia 55.9 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0
Uzbekistan 62.9 58.0 71.7 47.6 61.0
Italy 57.9 58.1 59.1 58.7 59.2
Indonesia 58.9 58.4 57.8 58.5 59.7
South Africa 57.1 58.5 61.0 60.7 60.3
Bahrain 38.4 58.6 59.1 56.3 52.1
Papua New Guinea 59.0 58.8 50.8 42.0 46.3
Bhutan 58.5 59.1 59.6 52.6 43.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 57.5 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.9
Panama 56.9 59.4 56.6 55.7 53.6
Iceland 59.0 59.8 60.1 57.8 56.9
Zambia 64.4 59.8 84.7 73.4
Cuba 54.8 59.8 60.0 60.8 68.8
Israel 55.6 60.4 60.5 62.4 63.4
New Zealand 60.7 60.6 59.8 57.9 58.3
Bahamas, The 59.5 60.7 59.4 63.2 61.7
Romania 65.9 60.7 62.7 63.7 63.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 57.9 61.0 51.6 50.2 53.3
Spain 61.1 61.0 61.7 61.7 61.6
Armenia 45.9 61.1 101.3 86.5 99.1
Suriname 61.6 61.3 60.8 64.1 64.1
Brazil 59.3 61.6 61.5 60.1 59.6
Paraguay 61.7 63.3 65.4 68.1
United Kingdom 60.9 61.9 62.7 63.5 62.8
Mauritius 63.4 61.9 60.9 61.5 62.3
Grenada 60.7 62.1 67.3 69.6 60.3
Tunisia 63.6 62.4 61.7 62.0 62.0
Vanuatu 63.2 62.6 61.9 60.4 58.4
Nigeria 62.9 62.8 67.2 70.3 64.5
Chile 61.4 63.0 64.2 64.6 63.0
Morocco 60.0 63.1 62.8 62.3 63.9
Puerto Rico 64.8 63.4 62.1 61.8 61.6
Macedonia, FYR 72.3 63.6 64.0 70.9 75.7
Trinidad and Tobago 58.7 63.7 64.9 68.3 54.4
Kenya 62.8 63.8 67.8 63.0 62.7
United States 63.7 64.1 64.2 64.7 64.0
Kyrgyz Republic 71.1 64.2 70.7 75.7 78.4
Ecuador 62.7 64.5 63.9 71.4 71.0
Portugal 63.7 64.6 65.5 67.3 66.3
Cameroon 66.6 64.7 70.7 73.3 73.8
Malta 66.0 64.7 64.3 63.4 62.8
Greece 65.5 65.2 67.6 68.1 68.5
Jamaica 64.9 65.2 61.8 68.5 69.3
Namibia 56.3 65.3 61.0 61.4 58.5
Guyana 72.4 65.5 55.8 62.7 70.3
Cyprus 61.2 65.7 63.4 59.5 58.2
India 64.6 65.9 65.0 67.1 66.1
Georgia 64.7 66.1 97.9 113.0 138.9
Dominica 64.7 66.2 63.8 64.9 66.6
Venezuela, RB 62.1 66.5 69.7 72.9 70.1
Colombia 66.4 67.4 71.8 71.0 65.7
Honduras 66.8 67.6 66.6 64.9 62.8
Turkey 68.7 67.7 66.7 66.2 66.0
Guinea 66.9 67.9 71.3 71.5 74.3
Belize 59.3 68.0 63.0 60.2 66.8
Zimbabwe 63.1 68.1 64.9 64.0 61.5
Pakistan 73.8 68.2 70.0 72.2 71.1
Mauritania 69.2 68.7 67.3 71.6 36.1
Burkina Faso 73.5 70.0 69.6 70.9 57.6
Fiji 73.0 70.0 72.2 72.6 73.2
Uruguay 70.3 70.1 72.2 72.6 72.9
Tajikistan 73.8 70.2 42.2 52.0 55.3
Mexico 69.6 70.5 71.8 69.8 70.5
Gambia, The 75.6 71.8 67.3 88.4 91.4
Costa Rica 72.9 72.3 72.0 72.4 71.7
Jordan 74.9 72.4 76.6 71.9 67.4
Philippines 71.5 72.8 73.9 74.4 71.4
Azerbaijan 51.2 73.0 51.4 66.6 67.1
Cote d'Ivoire 71.9 73.3 71.8 71.2 63.0
Togo 71.1 73.5 81.1 84.1 75.5
St. Lucia 71.1 73.5 70.2 66.8 67.4
Malawi 71.5 73.8 85.2 87.9 71.5
Syrian Arab Republic 68.7 74.4 73.8 73.5 68.9
Barbados 72.4 74.9 76.7 76.3 71.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 72.6 75.6 72.6 74.1 74.6
Ethiopia 69.4 76.5 81.1 77.5 74.1
Mongolia 68.7 76.5 65.9 70.6 65.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 63.8 77.1 61.0 72.2 74.7
Sierra Leone 78.5 77.1 84.4 86.4 76.8
Sri Lanka 75.9 77.4 75.4 74.8 75.1
Bolivia 76.9 77.8 79.4 79.4 77.6
Tanzania 80.9 78.1 80.0 85.2 81.2
Djibouti 78.9 78.5 72.8
Peru 76.7 78.6 79.0 78.2 74.3
Benin 75.7 78.7 80.9 79.1 74.3
Central African Republic 80.7 79.3 80.0 80.0 73.4
Senegal 79.2 79.7 80.3 82.9 81.7
Comoros 78.7 79.8 82.7 78.5 83.0
Mali 79.8 80.1 82.3 80.7 81.2
Argentina 77.1 80.4 81.9 69.8 69.9
Swaziland 80.4 80.9 85.7 83.4 74.5
Vietnam 84.3 82.0 80.7 77.2 75.7
Niger 79.0 82.4 76.7 80.3 84.0
Seychelles 82.9 82.4 81.5 81.6 75.6
Nepal 84.3 82.5 81.3 79.3 82.0
Dominican Republic 80.4 83.0 85.0 82.5 81.0
Ghana 85.2 83.2 86.6 79.5 73.8
Sudan 86.1 83.6 82.9 75.7 83.0
Guatemala 83.6 83.9 84.5 84.8 86.1
Bangladesh 86.2 84.5 83.0 82.2 81.6
Rwanda 83.7 84.7 82.6 84.3 137.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 79.1 84.9 72.2 80.6 85.0
Guinea-Bissau 86.9 86.2 87.8 85.9 89.0
Haiti 87.5 88.2 107.0 97.3
El Salvador 88.9 88.0 88.4 87.6 87.1
Yemen, Rep. 77.0 88.7 82.1 89.5 80.1
Nicaragua 58.6 89.4 95.4 90.4 87.8
Uganda 91.9 90.5 89.9 87.7 83.9
Kuwait 56.8 90.7 35.8 43.5 41.4
Albania 60.5 90.9 152.1 119.5 95.8
Madagascar 86.4 91.5 88.9 90.0 89.8
Burundi 94.5 93.4 90.9 85.7 93.8
Kiribati 89.6 94.5 93.8
Chad 97.6 97.0 97.1 96.2 94.1
Mozambique 92.3 99.0 99.3 102.4 98.6
Tonga 93.6 100.5 88.7 91.9 90.8
Lesotho 123.1 125.9 111.8 107.0 99.3
Lebanon 139.6 132.5 124.6 118.0 105.3
Equatorial Guinea 91.2 147.1 102.2 80.2 34.4
Bermuda
Guam
San Marino
Serbia
Kazakhstan 51.6 74.9 70.7
Samoa
Estonia
Qatar 29.9
Cayman Islands
Palau
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
French Polynesia
Slovenia
Tuvalu
Solomon Islands
Curacao
Somalia
Cabo Verde
New Caledonia 75.4
West Bank and Gaza 99.0
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
Myanmar
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Iraq
Monaco
Greenland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Eritrea 104.0 92.8 99.5
Maldives
United Arab Emirates
Liechtenstein
Croatia
Liberia
Cambodia 100.2 94.0
Afghanistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
Aruba 44.4
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa

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